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  • Education ProductNational Aeronautics and Teachers Grades 412Space Administration a Teachers Guide with activities for Earth and Space Sciences
  • a Teachers Guide with activities for Earth and Space Sciences National Aeronautics and Space Administration Office of Human Resources and Education Education Division Office of Space Science Solar System Exploration DivisionThis Publication is in the Public Domain and is not copyrighted.Permission is not required for duplication.November 1997EG-1997-10-116-HQ
  • my notes The following people contributedG. Jeffrey Taylor the activities in this book.Project CoordinatorProfessor Kathy ChockHawaii Institute of Geophysics and Planetology Hawaii Department of EducationSchool of Ocean and Earth Science and TechnologyUniversity of Hawaii at Manoa Pauline Higa Mililani High SchoolLinda M.V. MartelManaging Editor Art KimuraHawaii Institute of Geophysics and Planetology Future Flight HawaiiSchool of Ocean and Earth Science and TechnologyUniversity of Hawaii at Manoa Forrest Luke Leilehua High SchoolBrooks G. Bays, Jr.Designer Linda MartelPublication Services University of HawaiiSchool of Ocean and Earth Science and TechnologyUniversity of Hawaii at Manoa Dale Olive Waiakea High SchoolACKNOWLEDGMENTSThe activities were tested by teachers in classrooms Kevin Polkthroughout the state of Hawaii. We thank many University of Hawaiiindividuals in the Oklahoma State University Aero-space Education Services Program and at NASA Randolph ScovilleHeadquarters for their useful reviews of the materi- Highlands Intermediate Schoolals. We especially thank Pam Bacon and Greg Vogtfor all their help and encouragement. We also thank Liza Shigeta Kobayashithe Challenger Center for allowing a modification of Waiakea High Schoolthe Marsville activity on life support systems foruse in this book. Second edition revisions were Cheryl Shintanisupported by the Hawaii Space Grant Consortium. Koloa Elementary School Nancy TashimaAbout the cover Astronaut Ellison S. Onizuka Space CenterOur knowledge and concepts of the Moon changeover time as depicted by the three images. Jeff TaylorA map of the Moon (circa 1700s) is overlaid by University of Hawaiian Apollo 11 astronaut footprint (NASA photoAS11-40-5878) and a NASA painting of a future Arlene Yoshimuralunar habitation module by Pat Rawlings of Mililani Mauka Elementary SchoolScience Applications International Corporation.Exploring the Moon -- A Teachers Guide with Activities, NASA EG-1997-10-116-HQ i
  • Table of ContentsAbout This Book iiiAbout the Lunar Sample Disk ivAbout the Slide Set vActivity Matrices viTeachers Guide -- The Moon: Gateway to the Solar System 1Moon ABCs Fact Sheet 17Rock ABCs Fact Sheet 19Progress in Lunar Science Chart 20Nearside of the Moon--Apollo Landing Sites 21Unit 1 Pre-Apollo 23Resource Section for Unit 1 24Distance to the Moon 25Diameter of the Moon 29Reaping Rocks 33Unit 2 Learning From Apollo 37Resource Section for Unit 2 38The Lunar Disk 39Apollo Landing Sites 43Regolith Formation 47Lunar Surface 53Differentiation 57Impact Craters 61Clay Lava Flows 71Lava Layering 77Lunar Landing Sites 83Lunar Roving Vehicle 87Moon Anomalies 91Unit 3 The Future 99Resource Section for Unit 3 100Lunar Land Use 101Life Support Systems 109Lunar Biospheres 129Glossary 141Resources for Educators 145ii Exploring the Moon -- A Teachers Guide with Activities, NASA EG-1997-10-116-HQ
  • About this BookThese materials have been designed for use The length of time needed to complete anin upper elementary through high schools activity will vary according to the degree ofespecially, but not exclusively, with the difficulty and the development level of theLunar Sample Disk. See Page iv. students. Thus activities may take one to eight or more class periods.This book contains: information on the Lunar Sample Disk, Activity Matrices are provided to assist Activity Matrices -- Skills & Standards, in identifying the science process skills and a Teachers Guide, science and mathematics educational stan- Moon ABCs Fact Sheet, dards associated with each activity. Rock ABCs Fact Sheet, Progress in Lunar Science Chart, Classroom activities promote problem- 17 activities, solving, communication skills, and team- Resource Section for each unit, work. Each activity consists of teacher Glossary, pages and reproducible student sheets. NASA Educational Resources. Teacher pages begin with a statement of The Teachers Guide titled The Moon: purpose and background information withGateway to the Solar System, pages 1-16, answers specific to the activity. Relevantprovides background information about the pages in the Teachers Guide also areMoon. It tells the story of the Moons geo- listed. These are followed by sections onlogical history and how scientists try to deci- preparation, in-class suggestions, wrap-uppher the story. This background information ideas, and extensions. Words that are boldedmay be useful reading for students as well. appear in the Glossary.Key facts about the Moon appear on theMoon ABCs and Rock ABCs pages. Student sheets include a purpose state-These pages were named to emphasize ment, key words, list of materials, procedure,the basic nature of the information. The questions with space provided for answers,Progress in Lunar Science Chart summa-