46739 Roundtable02 Tues11.0004 Sahu

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  • Roundtable II

    Cooperation in Technology TransferTuesday, 29 November 2005Vienna, Austria

  • Structure of the PresentationTechnology Transfer - InsightTechnology Competitiveness in Developing countries - FactorsTechnology Upgradation - HindsightTechnology Development Challenges India Case studiesTechnology Transfer Way Ahead

  • Technology Transfer - Insight

  • Technology Transfer

    Knowledge ManagementPatents & LicensesTechnology TransferTechnology acquisition

    Skill Development - Know How

    Technology adaptationDisseminationFormsPhasesIncreases production efficiency - Long Term competitiveness of SMEs

  • Technology Transfer - Process

    VerificationKnowledgeAwareness Decision MakingApplicationBrokeringDevelopmentInnovationDesignTestingTechnology CreationModificationIdentificationEvaluationTestingTechnology SourcingTechnology Transfer is the suite of processes encompassing all dimensions of the origins and uptake of know-how, experience and equipment amongst, across and within countries, organizations and institutions.

  • Technology Transfer Main Issues

    Slow uptake of technologies that support sustainable development, despite many initiatives for increased and effective transfer of technologies.

    Need to emphasize on specific and practical methodologies and tools for promoting the adoption and use of latest technologies.

    Absence of ubiquitous approach. Need to prioritize initiatives for developing countries depending on their needs and status.

  • Technology Competitiveness in Developing countries - Factors

  • Technology Competitiveness in Developing countries - Factors

    Technology importsSmall number of developed countries provide most of technological innovations. Most of the developing countries are neither innovating nor adopting. Lacks capability to create globally competitive technologiesLack of access to information on new technologies and innovations

    Technology infrastructureR&D institutes and testing facilities in developing countries fall short of quality when compared to industrialized countriesLack of collaborative researchIsolation of universities and R&D from Industry

  • Technology Competitiveness in Developing countries - Factors

    Pace of technological changeSMEs lack the capability to constantly upgrade technologies in view of rapidly changing technologies in developed countriesEasier in Process industries

    Technology acquisitionUnit level technology absorption is lowLack of incentive, direction and capability to update existing technologiesLack of ready access to capitalRelatively high transaction cost

  • Technology Competitiveness in Developing countries - Factors

    Unit Level InterventionsSmaller firms find difficult to finance and coordinate the requisite level of technological activityLow participation in network of organizations and institutions involved in diffusing information on technologies. (specially SMEs)

    Availability of Skilled ManpowerShortage of trained personnelLack of continuous capability development of manpower in technical dimensionsNew technologies are not adopted due to lack of skilled people thus widening the technology gap.

  • Technology Upgradation - Hindsight

  • Knowledge Drivers of the 21st Century

    Building Blocks & Knowledge tools of 21ST CenturyNEURONSATOMSBITS & BYTESBIOTECHGENES

  • Technology Foresight Process SummaryGlobal TrendsBusiness VectorsTechnology DynamicsGrowth OpportunitiesOrganizations Power AssetsEmerging Growth OpportunitiesL Carlson Consulting

    Define the question(s)DemographyEconomics EnvironmentSocietyGovernmenttechnology

  • Technology Interaction MatrixSoftwareH/M Int.Med. Dev.SensorsPhotonicsWirelessBiotechNanotechAdv. Mat.MicroelectronicsSoftwareHuman/Mach IntMed. Dev.SensorsPhotonicsWirelessBiotechNanotechAdv. Mat.EnablingPowerApplication NeedsMicro-elec.Pacer, Gating2nd order effectExponential Technol.Exponential

  • ICT Support to DesignRDCS: Robust Design Computation System

  • ICT Support to Product DesignOIS: Design Manufacturing Customer Feedback : Integrated Model

  • ICT Support to Manufacturing

  • Customer Relationship Management (CRM)

    Customer Relationship Management (CRM)Systems that allow you to manage relationshipStrategy that puts the customer first, it's getting intimate with the customer - solidifying loyaltyUnderstanding and tracking customer habitsLinks data together from all parts of the businessWarehouse of all the info of your customerMaximizer, ACT!, Salesforce.com, Pivotal

  • Nanotechnology Applications

    Management of applications matter !

  • Technology Development Challenges

  • Technology Development - Challenges

    Can be met through innovations managementTo be able to invest in technology creation at the risk of failingAdequate infrastructure required for technology creationIPR issuesAdequate information relevant to strategic planning and market developmentDeveloping countries have already lost precious timeCreation of useful and usable technologies is a major factor in ensuring that there is opportunity to make informed and confident choices in technology investment projects

    Technology Creation should be best left for developed countries. Developing countries should focus on adapting, learning and dissemination.

  • India Case Studies

  • Machine Tools sector in India

    A holistic programme implemented by UNIDO-ICAMT (International Centre for Advancement of Manufacturing Technology).Emphasis on Technology dissemination through sensitization workshops, unit level interventions, participation in International fairs, Technology missions, skill upgration and market development activities.Growth in 2004-05 was 47%Annual growth of over 90% in the number of CNC machines production in the last two years. 50% increase in production of components and accessories. 101% increase in export of target group of machine tools from USD 6.6 million to USD 13.3 million

    While the Technology innovation is still low, the sector has done extremely well due to Technology dissemination, Skill upgradation, Unit level interventions & market development activities.

  • Auto Components sector in India

    Indian auto component industry has grown from US $ 3.9 Billion to US $ 6.7 Billion in 3 yearsExports have increased from US $ 578 Million in 2001-02 to US $ 1000 Million in 2003-04.India has become the 2nd largest two wheeler manufacturers in the worldIncreased competitiveness is due to increased capability of latest technologies for continuous improvement when compared to other countries.Emphasis on process engineering skills, product engineering and continuous improvement capability.

    While the Research & Development activities are still at low level, the sector has witnessed phenomenal growth due to application of ICT tools, Technology dissemination, Skill upgradation, Knowledge management in the area of Engineering Design.

  • Indian Software: Global BrandUSD MillionSource: NASSCOM Software & Services Grow over 30 %By Verticals:By Geography:~ 80% of Fortune 500 outsource their IT from India

  • 2.5 million broadband in 200410 million broadband in 2008

    India: Fast Growing Market 9.25 million TV Sets 200416 million TV Sets 200865 million mobile subscribers - 2004200 M Mobile subscribers by 20071 million Set Top Box 200415 million Set Top Box - 2008More than 3 million cell phone subscribers added every monthSub $ 40 Mobile PhoneSub $ 225 PC s would increase PC penetration.

    India Hardware Industry projected at US $ 69 billion by 200814 Mil PC Shipments - 2008

  • Indian IT Industry

    Industry Turnover (2004-05) US $ 27.75 billionHardware Domestic:US $ 5 billionHardware Exports: US $ 1.25 billionSoftware Exports:US $ 17 billionSoftware Domestic:US $ 4.5 billion

    Industry Turnover by 2008: More than US $ 100 Billion While the Research & Development activities have been low, the sector has witnessed boom due to knowledge workers, Skill upgradation & capability development.

  • Monopoly service providers

    Competitive regime with multiple players (public & private sector) across service segments

    Peak long distance tariff from Delhi to Mumbai of Rs.30/minute ($ 0.65/minute)Peak cellular outgoing tariff of Rs.16/minute ($ 0.35/minute)

    Rs.2-3 per minute ($ 0.04-0.07/minute)

    Rs.1-2 per minute ($ 0.02-0.04/minute)

    CompetitionTariffsFromTo18 mn fixed line subscribers in March 1998

  • Indian Telecom Sector - Latest Technology at Affordable PricesNational policy is technology neutral but encourages global state of the art technologiesAll leading equipment and handset vendors have established significant presence in IndiaThey have been instrumental in making mass wireless service viableCapex / sub has dropped from US$300-400/sub to US$70-80/subEntry handset prices have dropped from US$400-500 to US$50Coexistence of dual wireless technology CDMA and GSMGrowth at the rate of 30%Leapfrogging in Technology Adaptation has attributed to Telecom boom.

  • PAN-African Network

    53 PAN-African countries to be connected as one network through Satellite and Fiber Optics

    Network to provide:Tele-educationTele-medicineVVIP communication networkInternetVideoconferencingVOIP servicesSupport e-governance, e-commerce, infotainment, resource mapping and metrological services

  • PAN-African Network

    To connect 5 universities to 53 learning centers, 10 Super specialty hospitals to 53 Remote hospitals in rural areasIndian Institutions to only make the pr