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Special Olympics

Maidan Summit 2011 - Harpreet Singh, Special Olympics Bharat (I)

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Mr Harpreet Singh emphasised on the issue of intellectual disability in his presentation at Maidan Summit 2011. Highlighting the scale of Special Olympics Bharat, the second largest Special Olympics programme in the world which reaches out to all 600 districts in India, he shared that Special Olympics is perhaps the biggest movement that inclusively engages men and women through sport. He further added that these sport activities do not encourage physical contact and rely on equal opportunities. He supported the view that sport programmes are a great adhesive, and help connect people. Sharing his experience with sport at the Special Olympics, he detailed out the power of sports as a tool to build up greater respect, acceptance, inclusion and human dignity.

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Page 1: Maidan Summit 2011 - Harpreet Singh, Special Olympics Bharat (I)

Special Olympics

Page 2: Maidan Summit 2011 - Harpreet Singh, Special Olympics Bharat (I)

ORIENTATION GOALS -

1. Understand Special Olympics’ mission

2. Know the differences between Special Olympics and other sports organizations.

3. Identify the three principal factors in Divisioning

4. Understand athlete advancement

5. Know the opportunities for volunteering

Page 3: Maidan Summit 2011 - Harpreet Singh, Special Olympics Bharat (I)

Special Olympics Movement

• 3.9 million athletes worldwide, out of 190

Million

• More than 200 programs in 183 countries

• 7 regional offices

• 30 Olympic type summer and winter sports

• Approximately 900,000 volunteers worldwide

• More than 250,000 coaches

• More than 40,000 competitions around the

world each year

• World Games quadrennial system

Page 4: Maidan Summit 2011 - Harpreet Singh, Special Olympics Bharat (I)

4

Special Olympics History

The Special Olympics movement started in

20th July 1968, when the First International

Special Olympics Games held at Soldier

Field, Chicago, USA.

But the concept of Special Olympics was

born much earlier, when Eunice Kennedy

Shriver in June 1962, invited 35 boys and

girls with intellectual disabilities to Camp

Shriver, a day camp at Timber lawn, her home

in Rockville, to explore their capabilities in a

variety of sports and physical activities.

Page 5: Maidan Summit 2011 - Harpreet Singh, Special Olympics Bharat (I)

Special Olympics Mission

5

The mission of Special Olympics is to

provide year-round sports training and

athletic competition in a variety of Olympic-

type sports for persons eight years of age

and older with intellectual disabilities, giving

them continuing opportunities to develop

physical fitness, demonstrate courage,

experience joy and participate in a sharing of

gifts, skills and friendship with their families,

other Special Olympics athletes, and the

community.

Page 6: Maidan Summit 2011 - Harpreet Singh, Special Olympics Bharat (I)

Special Olympics Vision

Special Olympics is an unprecedented global movement which, through quality sports training and competition, improves the lives of people with intellectual disabilities and, in turn, the lives of everyone they touch.

Page 7: Maidan Summit 2011 - Harpreet Singh, Special Olympics Bharat (I)

Special Olympics is formally recognized by the

IOC.

Special Olympics is the only organization permitted

to use the word “Olympics” in its title.

The Olympic and Special Olympics have similar

Opening Ceremonies, Closing Ceremonies and

Award Ceremonies

Agreement with the International Olympic

Committee

Page 8: Maidan Summit 2011 - Harpreet Singh, Special Olympics Bharat (I)

DIFFERENCES FROM PARALYMPICS AND INAS –

WHAT MAKES SPECIAL OLYMPICS SPECIAL

Special Olympics

• All athletes have an intellectual disability

• Opportunities for all ability levels

• Awards for all athletes

• Random selection to next level of competition

Paralympics

• Mostly serves athletes with physical disabilities. Some athletes may have an intellectual disability

• Only for elite athletes

• Awards for top three finishers

• Only the best in an event go to the next level of competition

INAS

Athletes have an intellectual disability

Only for elite athletes

Awards for top three finishers

Only the best in an event go to the next level of competition

Page 9: Maidan Summit 2011 - Harpreet Singh, Special Olympics Bharat (I)

SPORTS

SUMMER SPORTS Aquatics

Athletics

Basketball

Bocce

Bowling

Cricket

Cycling

Equestrian

Football

Golf

Artistic Gymnastics

Rhythmic Gymnastics

Power lifting

Roller Skating

Softball

Table Tennis

Tennis

Volleyball

WINTER SPORTS Alpine Skiing

Cross Country Skiing

Floor Hockey

Figure Skating

Speed Skating

Snow Shoeing

Snow Boarding

NATIONALLY POPULAR

SPORTS Netball

Badminton

Sailing

Team Handball

Kabbadi

Mountain Climbing?

Kho Kho

Page 10: Maidan Summit 2011 - Harpreet Singh, Special Olympics Bharat (I)

Meaning of Logo

Athlete

Volunteer

Family

Coach

Organizer Register tread mark Sponsor

Board member

Page 11: Maidan Summit 2011 - Harpreet Singh, Special Olympics Bharat (I)

THE ATHLETE

children & adults

with

an intellectual disability

Page 12: Maidan Summit 2011 - Harpreet Singh, Special Olympics Bharat (I)

SPORTS TRAINING & COMPETITION

Opportunities for

all interests and

all skill levels

Page 13: Maidan Summit 2011 - Harpreet Singh, Special Olympics Bharat (I)

Initiatives

• Young Athlete

• Athlete Leadership Program

• Healthy Athlete

• SO Get Into It

• Unified Sports

• Family Forum

• Project UNIFY

• Youth Activation

Page 14: Maidan Summit 2011 - Harpreet Singh, Special Olympics Bharat (I)

14

Special Olympics Divisioning

Special Olympics organize its competition so that, wherever possible, athletes compete against others of similar ability. This process is called Divisioning.

Page 15: Maidan Summit 2011 - Harpreet Singh, Special Olympics Bharat (I)

DIVISIONING

•Provide all competitors a chance to excel

• No more than 8 athletes or teams per division

• Grouped by age, gender and ability

Page 16: Maidan Summit 2011 - Harpreet Singh, Special Olympics Bharat (I)

DIVISIONING

1.GENDER

2.AGE

3.ABILITY

Page 17: Maidan Summit 2011 - Harpreet Singh, Special Olympics Bharat (I)

17

GENDER:

Male, Female or Combined (under some circumstances)

Page 18: Maidan Summit 2011 - Harpreet Singh, Special Olympics Bharat (I)

18

AGE GROUP:

Individual Sports Team Sports

08 – 11 below 15

12 – 15 16 – 21

16 – 21 22 – 29

22 – 29 30 +

30+

Page 19: Maidan Summit 2011 - Harpreet Singh, Special Olympics Bharat (I)

19

COMBINING GROUPS:

• Age groups and/or males and females may be combined if this achieves a closer matching of ability. • The minimum number of athletes or teams in a division is 3 and maximum is 8.

Page 20: Maidan Summit 2011 - Harpreet Singh, Special Olympics Bharat (I)

Unified Sports

Unified Sports is a program in

which athletes with and without

disability (partners) play together for

both training and competition.

This is becoming a most popular

instrument for Inclusion and

Mainstreaming

Page 21: Maidan Summit 2011 - Harpreet Singh, Special Olympics Bharat (I)

AWARDS FOR ALL

• All athletes who participate receive awards.

• Athletes are given awards based on order of finish - first through 8th place.

Page 22: Maidan Summit 2011 - Harpreet Singh, Special Olympics Bharat (I)

History of Special Olympics Bharat

Special Olympics Movement started in 1988

in India with a 2000 athletes. Special

Olympics Bharat formed under the leadership

of Air Marshal (Retd.) Denzil Keelor and

registered under the Indian Trust Act on 19th

July 2001. It was immediately accredited by

Special Olympics International as the

National Special Olympics Program for India.

The same time, all the sub- programs of the

states were freshly registered and accredited

by Special Olympics Bharat.

22

Page 23: Maidan Summit 2011 - Harpreet Singh, Special Olympics Bharat (I)

Unique features of Special Olympics Bharat

• Special Olympics Bharat recognize as a National Sports Federation by Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports

• Multiple disciplined covering 25 sports and growing

• Serving both male and female athletes

• Established in 35 states & UT’s covering more than 600 districts

• Focused in rural area

• Second largest Program in the world

• Volunteer driven

• No fees charge to participate

• Based on respect, acceptance, inclusion & human dignity

• Providing social change and building communities on ability basis

• Empowering athletes and providing opportunities to excel

• Helping athletes to improve health

• Supporting families and youth

Page 24: Maidan Summit 2011 - Harpreet Singh, Special Olympics Bharat (I)

Special Olympics Bharat

AN OVERVIEW OF SPECIAL OLYMPICS BHARAT31 DECEMBER 2010

AQUATICSATHLETICS BADMINTONBASKETBALLBOCCECRICKET CYCLINGHANDBALLPOWERLIFTINGROLLER SKATING SOCCERTABLE TENNIS VOLLEYBALL

FLOOR HOCKEYALPINE SKIING SNOW SHOEINGSPEED SKATINGSNOWBOARDINGFIGURE SKATINGKHO-KHOKHABADI

SPORTS OFFERED

ASSAMARUNACHAL PRADESHANDHRA PRADESHBIHARCHANDIGARHCHATTISGARHDELHIGOAGUJARATHARYANAHIMACHAL PRADESHJHARKHANDJAMMU & KASHMIRKARNATAKAKERALAMADHYAMAHARASHTRAMANIPURMIZORAMMEGHALAYANAGALANDORISSAPUNJABPONDICHERRYRAJASTHANSIKKIMTRIPURATAMIL NADUUTTARAKHANDUTTAR PRADESHWEST BENGAL

Current Status: Over 750234 Athletes, 45000 Coaches,

1759 Trainers, 73948 Volunteers, 77542 Families

TARGET 2011 ; 850,000 Athletes

31 STATES PROGRAM

Page 25: Maidan Summit 2011 - Harpreet Singh, Special Olympics Bharat (I)

Special Olympics Bharat at World Level

Year

Special

Olympics

Summer World

Games Venue Dates

Ath

lete

s

Co

ach

es

Offic

ials

Go

ld

Silv

er

Bro

nze

Remarks

1968

1st Summer

Games Chicago, USA

July 19-

20 Not Participated

Only USA and Canada

took part

1970

2nd Summer

Games Chicago, USA

August

13-15 Not Participated

50 USA states include

France and Puerto Rice

1972

3rd Summer

Games Los Angles, USA

August

13-18 Not Participated

1975

4th Summer

Games Michigan, USA

August

7-11 Not Participated 10 Country participated

1979

5th Summer

Games Brookport, USA

August

8-13 Not Participated 20 Country participated

1983

6th Summer

Games

Balon Rouge,

USA

July 12-

18 Not Participated

1987

7th Summer

Games Indiana, USA

Jul 31-

Aug 8 11 3 0 4 6 8 70 country participated

1991

8th Summer

Games Minnesota, USA

July 19-

27 25 5 0 20 10 2 100 country participated

1995

9th Summer

Games

Connecticut,

USA July 1-9 72 0 0 28 20 10

143 Country participated

in 21 games

1999

10th Summer

Games

North Carillon,

USA

Jun 30-

Jul 10 19 1 1 25 45 37

150 Country participated

in 21 Games

2003

11th Summer

Games Dublin, Ireland

Jun 21-

30 81 20 2 34 36 40

150 Country participated

in 21 Games

2007

12 Summer

Games - China

2-11 Oct

07 139 42 3 36 45 67

Page 26: Maidan Summit 2011 - Harpreet Singh, Special Olympics Bharat (I)

Performance at World Winter Games

Year

Special Olympics

Winter World

Games Venue Dates

Ath

lete

s

Co

ach

es

Offic

ial

Go

ld

Silv

er

Bro

nze

Remarks

1977 1st Winter Games Colorado,USA February 5-11 Not Participated Only USA and Canada took part

1981 2nd Winter Games Balon Rouge,USA July 12-18 Not Participated

1985 3rd Winter Games Utah, USA March 24-29 Not Participated

14 country participated in Skiing

and skating

1989 4th Winter Games California, USA April 1-8 Not Participated

1993 5th Winter Games Schladming,Austria March 20-27 12 5 0 1 0 0 50 Country participated

1997 6th Winter Games Toronto, Canada February 1-8 0 0 0 0

0

0 73 Country participated

2001 7th Winter Games Alaska, USA March 4-11 12 5 1 0 0 1 80 Country participated

2005 8th Winter Games Nagano, Japan 26 Feb- 5 Mar 16 3 3 0 0 0 5th place, Floor Hockey

2009 9th Winter Games Idaho, USA 03-12 Feb 09 49 13 2 7 8 2 17 Medals won

Page 27: Maidan Summit 2011 - Harpreet Singh, Special Olympics Bharat (I)

Special Olympics Athlete’s Oath

"Let me win,

But if I cannot win,

Let me be brave

in the attempt."

Page 28: Maidan Summit 2011 - Harpreet Singh, Special Olympics Bharat (I)

MYTHS - KNOW THE TRUTH

Myth Truth

Only for kids For all ages

Only for low ability levels Opportunities for all ability levels All Down syndrome athletes. Athletes with an intellectual disability

For all disabilities Only athletes with an intellectual disability

Same as Paralympics Special Olympics very different

Just competition Year-round training

Just track and field Opportunities in many sports

Everyone wins Only one gold medal per division

Winning isn’t important Special Olympics athletes want to win