BMW: The Initial Years

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    11-Aug-2014

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The initial years of the iconic BMW brand

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<ul><li>The Growth of BMW The Early years-1913-1920 </li><li>Circa 1913 <ul><li>Karl Rapp establishes Rapp-Motorenwerke </li></ul><ul><li>He manufactures his own aircraft engines </li></ul><ul><li>However,they suffer from problems with vibration that Rapp is unable to fix </li></ul><ul><li>Switches to building Austro-Daimler aircraft engines under license . </li></ul></li><li>Circa 1913 <ul><li>Gustav Otto sets up a shop building small aircraft. </li></ul><ul><li>Son of the inventor of the four-stroke internal combustion engine </li></ul><ul><li>He enjoys great success with his Bayerische Flugzeugwerke. </li></ul></li><li>Circa 1916 <ul><li>The Bayerische Flugzeugwerke AG (BFW) is founded. </li></ul><ul><li>Gustav Otto merges his three-year-old aircraft factory </li></ul><ul><li>Rapp owns the Rapp Motoren Werke, which is renamed Bayerische Motoren Werke GmbH </li></ul><ul><li>first CEO is Franz-Josef Popp. </li></ul></li><li>Circa 1917 <ul><li>Two Austrians, Franz-Josef Popp and Max Friz , backed by a Vienna financier, Camillo Castiglioni, take over Rapp's business and rename it Bayerische Motoren Werke BMW </li></ul><ul><li>BMW's first aircraft engine -- the Type IIIa -- goes into production. </li></ul></li><li>Circa 1917 <ul><li>A water-cooled six-cylinder inline engine, it features a unique "high-altitude carburetor" </li></ul><ul><li>Allows it to develop full power at altitude. </li></ul><ul><li>Developed by Friz </li></ul></li><li>Circa 1918 <ul><li>The Bavarian Motor Works becomes a public company </li></ul><ul><li>BMW's first notable success was the 6-cylinder BMW IIIa engine </li></ul><ul><li>Powered a biplane to 5,000 meters altitude in just 29 minutes. </li></ul></li><li>Circa 1919 <ul><li>Franz Zeno Diemer sets a world altitude record </li></ul><ul><li>record of 9,760m (32,013 ft.) in an aircraft powered by a BMW Type IV engine. </li></ul><ul><li>The Treaty of Versailles prohibits the production of aircraft in Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Otto closes his factory </li></ul><ul><li>BMW switches to manufacturing railway brakes . </li></ul></li></ul>

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