The Growth of BMW
The Early years-1913-1920
Circa 1913• Karl Rapp establishes Rapp-
Motorenwerke • He manufactures his own aircraft
engines • However,they suffer from
problems with vibration that Rapp is unable to fix
• Switches to building Austro-Daimler aircraft engines under license .
Circa 1913• Gustav Otto sets up a shop
building small aircraft. • Son of the inventor of the four-
stroke internal combustion engine
• He enjoys great success with his Bayerische Flugzeugwerke.
Circa 1916• The Bayerische Flugzeugwerke AG
(BFW) is founded.
• Gustav Otto merges his three-year-old aircraft factory
• Rapp owns the Rapp Motoren Werke, which is renamed Bayerische Motoren Werke GmbH
• first CEO is Franz-Josef Popp.
Circa 1917• Two Austrians, Franz-Josef Popp
and Max Friz, backed by a Vienna financier, Camillo Castiglioni, take over Rapp's business and rename it Bayerische Motoren Werke – BMW
• BMW's first aircraft engine -- the Type IIIa -- goes into production.
Circa 1917• A water-cooled six-cylinder inline
engine, it features a unique "high-altitude carburetor"
• Allows it to develop full power at altitude.
• Developed by Friz
Circa 1918• The Bavarian Motor Works
becomes a public company • BMW's first notable success was
the 6-cylinder BMW IIIa engine
• Powered a biplane to 5,000 meters altitude in just 29 minutes.
Circa 1919• Franz Zeno Diemer sets a world
altitude record • record of 9,760m (32,013 ft.) in an
aircraft powered by a BMW Type IV engine.
• The Treaty of Versailles prohibits the production of aircraft in Germany
• Otto closes his factory • BMW switches to manufacturing
railway brakes .