Week 7.the baroque age.overview.master

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  • 1. The Baroque AgeChapter 22

2. Guiding Question What should we be governed by? The Baroque age will respond with different answers. The Church will advocate for Emotion Science will advocate for Sight or Observation Philosophy will advocate for ReasonWe will look at this question religiously and politically 3. Guiding Historical Events In 1535, the Jesuits are Established Council of Trent, in parts through 1545 to 1563 Reforms the Catholic Church in reaction to the ProtestantReformation Art and Monastic Orders will help pull people back to the CatholicChurch The Inquisition continues through this century Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture established in 1648 Thirty Years War, 16181648 Begins when Peace of Augsburg (1555) is broken and ends withPeace of Westphalia ends the war (1648) Dutch Republic gains independence from Spanish, Catholicleadership Ends the Holy Roman Empire and leads to a system of nation states Which makes Hobbes and Lockes ideas significant 4. Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture Established in 1648 in Paris An Institution that governs the subjects, techniques, andstyles of painting for hundreds of years A debate will ensue between the groups described belowRubnistes Poussinistes Color is Key Line, Drawing, Color appeals to the Composition is Keyemotions Line appeals to the mind Color is more true to Line is more true to nature,nature but requires an educated Perceiving Line requires audience to perceiveeducation; therefore colorcan appeal to a widerarray of people 5. Poussins Rapeof the SabineWomen, 1636-7 Composition is IDEAL and LINE is privileged over color Subject is Classical 6. Rubens Marie de Medici,1622-5 COLOR and movement is privileged over line and composition Subject is presented lyrically 7. Reflections of the Age Reason, EmotionPHILOSOPHY MUSIC Rene Descartes--The Father of Opera, the fugue, andModern Philosophy and thecantata come to stageCartesian Method with a dramatic flourish Establishes Scientific Method Handels Messiahwith Francis Bacon Bachs A Mighty Fortress isOur God, Cantata No. 80 Encourages DeductiveReasoningSCIENCECopernicus (1473-1543) argues thatthe Earth revolves around the sun Based on a Greek geographer and astronomer, PtolemyRene Decartes, After Franz Hals 8. Further Reflections of the Age Observation Johannes Kepler Galileo Galilei1571163 15641642 Interested in optics as a FACT Develops the telescope torather than a metaphysicalobserve the skyquestion Asserts that light travels Influenced by Leewenhoeksand takes time to getinvention of the microscope from point to point Describes vision as a Excommunicated fromrelationship between the retina the Church for affirmingand the object seen Copernicus idea that theEarth revolved around the The eye is an opticalSuninstrument with a lens used forfocusing 9. Further Reflections of the AgeReason Thomas HobbesJohn Lockes LeviathanSecond Treatise of Civil Government Argues that a monarchy is Argues that a legislativenecessary to rule society body elected by subjectsis necessary to rule society Monarchy can reason besthow people should be Man can reason forgoverened himself which leaders toelect 10. So what should govern?Artists will answer this differently according to theirworldview. Some artists will choose a combination of both,observational virtuosity with an emotional coloring. 11. Berninis David Dynamic, not static likeDonatellos or MichelangelosEmotionDavid Action leads our attentionelsewhere Emotionally honest Look of insistent concentration Hair swivels with his body 12. BerninisEcstacy of St. TeresaEmotion Religious experiencepresented as erotic,meaning physicallysensual 13. CaravaggiosEntombment Action pushed to theforegroundEmotion Allows Christs representedimage to be lain on theactual altar Alternating poses of figurescreates more drama Tenebrism used as atheatrical spotlight on the figures to create anemotional response 14. Caravaggios The Calling of SaintMatthew Congregation can relateEmotionto Matthew (Levi) Christs divinity is madediminutive Gesture is powerful,especially in the spotlightof tenebrism 15. Camera Device used to create an impermanent, inverted image of Obscura an object to perfectly capture perspectiveObservation 16. Rachel Ruyschs Roses, Convolvulvus, Poppies, and Other flowers ion an Urn on a Stone Ledge, ca. 1745Observation Painted with scientificaccuracy But asymmetricality pullsour emotionsdynamism 17. Clara Peeters, Table with Tar and White Pitcher, 1611 Still Life executed with technical virtuosity (like a photograph) A vanitas theme emphasizing the mortality of worldly goodsObservation 18. Rembrandts Self-Portrait as an Old Man, 1669 Observation of personality as seen onObservation the visage Representation includes wrinkles, furrowed brow, and paunchy face without idealization Paints what he sees 19. VermeersYoung Woman with a Water Pitcher, ca. 1664-5OBSERVATION Painted everyday scenes that one would observe in a Netherlandish setting Painted with a Camera Obscura 20. In subsequent presentations, you willlearn more about: Regional preferences in Baroque Art Caravaggio as a rebellious leader of theBaroque styleThese presentations will prepare you toincorporate the information in theassignments and assessments for theweek