Stages of the Holocaust

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Anti-Semitism / Stages of the Holocaust World History History of Anti-Semitism Cultural differences made the Jews standout Jews generally lived in close-knit communities Have been demonized, discriminated against by Christians for 2000 years Christianity needed Judaism as a contrast - to make Christianity look better, to act as a scapegoat History of Anti-Semitism 30 CE - Christ is killed. 325 CE - Christianity becomes official religion of the Roman Empire. Jews negatively portrayed. 5th-7th Centuries - Violence escalates Middle Ages - Jews less than human, killed in the Crusades, demonized, blamed for Black Death History of Anti-Semitism Renaissance/Reformation - Jews had to wear badges or cones on head, in Italy and Germany they were separated into ghettos Spanish Inquisition 17th-18th Century tensions eased Anti-Semitism in Germany .08% of population (~500,000) Fully integrated into Germany society Supported WWI and the German Empire Mostly lived in large cities Anti-Semitism in Germany Hitler blamed Jews/Marxists for loss of WWI The Aryan Race - Pure Germans superior Incorrectly names Jews as a race Struggle for world domination History and biology changed to match anti-Semitic views Boycott of Jewish Businesses 1933 - Germany Sets up idea that Jews are not Germans and isolates them SA pickets, wearing boycott signs, block the entrance to a Jewish-owned shop. The signs read: "Germans, defend yourselves against the Jewish atrocity propaganda, buy only at German shops!" and "Germans, defend yourselves, buy only at German shops!" Two Nazi stormtroopers stand guard in front of the H. L. Heimann store in Bopfingen, to prevent would-be shoppers from violating the Nazi boycott of Jewish-owned businesses. Nuremberg Laws Germany - 1935 Defined who was a Jew Deprived Jews of political rights Kristallnacht 1938 - Germany Night of the Broken Glass Organized violence against Jews throughout Germany and Austria The fire department only made sure the fire did not spread to the building next to the synagogue View of the interior of the Essenweinstrasse synagogue in Nuremberg following its destruction during Kristallnacht. Ghettos 1939-45 - German occupied territories Small areas of a city where Jews were isolated Einsatzgruppen 1941 - Poland and Russia Mobile Killing Squads Deportations 1939-1945 - Throughout Europe Movement of Jews to ghettos and then to camps Jews board a deportation train at the railroad station in Wrzburg. Hundreds of Jews wait to board deportation trains at the railroad station in Wrzburg. Their luggage and bed rolls are piled in the center of the platform. Jews from the Lodz ghetto board deportation trains for the Chelmno death camp Camps 1939-1945 - Throughout Europe Different types: labor camps, concentration camps, and death camps Work makes one free Human remains found in the Dachau concentration camp crematorium after liberation. Germany, April 1945. Liberation 1944-45 - Throughout Europe Allies liberate camps

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