Mecca is the most holy city in Islam. The city is sacred in their beliefs as the first place created on Earth, as well as the place whereIbrahim together with his son Isma'il, built the Kaba. The Kaba, the centre of Islam, is a rectangular building made of bricks. Around the Kaba is the great mosque, al-Haram, and around the mosque, between the mountains, are the houses that make up Mecca.
Every year, approximately 200 million pilgrims attend the Hajj, the fifth pillar of Islam, andan obligation that must be carried out at least once in their lifetime by every Muslim who can afford to do so.
St Pauls Cathedral
The cathedral has a very substantial crypt, holding over 200 memorials, and serves as both the Order of the British Empire Chapel and the Treasury. The cathedral has very few treasures: many have been lost, and in 1810 a major robbery took almost all of the remaining precious artefacts.
St Pauls Cathedral
The task of designing a replacement structure was assigned to Christopher Wren in 1668, along with over 50 other City churches. His first design, to build a replacement on the foundations of the old cathedral, was rejected in 1669.
Westminster Abbey was built by Edward the Confessor. It is also tombs for kings and queens, and to show memorials to the famous and the great.
History did not cease with the passing of the medieval monastery in 1540. Queen Elizabeth I, buried in one of the aisles of Henry VIIs chapel, refounded the Abbey in 1560 as a Collegiate Church, a Royal Peculiar exempt from the jurisdiction of bishops and with the Sovereign as its Visitor.
A daily pattern of worship is still offered to the Glory of God. Special services, representative of a wide spread of interest and social concern, are held regularly. In 1965-66 the Abbey celebrated its 900th anniversary, taking as its theme One People.