Old Testament Walkthru - From Sovereign God to Earthly Kings

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Bible Study on King David and King Saul

Text of Old Testament Walkthru - From Sovereign God to Earthly Kings

  • 1. GODS TOUCHPOINTSOld Testament SummaryThe Patriarchal AgesThe JudgesThe Reign of RoyaltyMajor and Minor ProphetsA walk thru the Old Testament (OT)..Lesson 20: From Sovereign God to Earthly Kings

2. OT WALKTHRU- THE REIGN OF ROYALTY1. From Sovereign God to Earthly Kings2. David leverages the win-win3. The falls and recoveries of David4. Royal Verses Psalms5. Royal Wisdom Proverbs, Ecclesiastes6. A Royal Love Story Song of Solomon7. Division and Downfall of Israel 3. SAUL THE FIRST KING Israel demands a King A jump start with theHoly Spirit A poor finish with anevil spirit 4. ISRAEL DEMANDS A KING4 So all the elders of Israel gathered together and came to Samuelat Ramah. 5 They said to him, You are old, and your sons do notfollow your ways; now appoint a king to lead us, such as all theother nations have.6 But when they said, Give us a king to lead us, this displeasedSamuel; so he prayed to the Lord. 7 And the Lord told him: Listento all that the people are saying to you; it is not you they haverejected, but they have rejected me as their king. 8 As theyhave done from the day I brought them up out of Egypt until thisday, forsaking me and serving other gods, so they are doing toyou. 9 Now listen to them; but warn them solemnly and let themknow what the king who will reign over them will claim as hisrights. I Samuel 8 5. SAUL REJECTED BY GODSaul remained at Gilgal, and all the troops with him werequaking with fear. 8 He waited seven days, the time set bySamuel; but Samuel did not come to Gilgal, and Sauls menbegan to scatter. 9 So he said, Bring me the burnt offeringand the fellowship offerings. And Saul offered up the burntoffering.10 Just as he finished making the offering,Samuel arrived, and Saul went out to greet him.. 13Youhave done a foolish thing, Samuel said. You have notkept the command the LORD your God gave you; if you had,he would have established your kingdom over Israel for alltime. 14 But now your kingdom will not endure; the LORD hassought out a man after his own heart and appointed himruler of his people, because you have not kept the LORDscommand. 1 Samuel 13 6. SAUL CHOSEN BY GOD20 When Samuel had all Israel come forward by tribes, thetribe of Benjamin was taken by lot. 21 Then he broughtforward the tribe of Benjamin, clan by clan, and Matris clanwas taken. Finally Saul son of Kish was taken. But whenthey looked for him, he was not to be found. 22 So theyinquired further of the LORD, Has the man come here yet?And the LORD said, Yes, he has hidden himself among thesupplies.23 They ran and brought him out, and as he stood among thepeople he was a head taller than any of theothers. 24 Samuel said to all the people, Do you see theman the LORD has chosen? There is no one like him amongall the people. 1 Samuel 10 7. SAUL AMONG THE PROPHETS9 As Saul turned to leave Samuel, Godchanged Sauls heart, and all these signs werefulfilled that day. 10 When he and his servantarrived at Gibeah, a procession of prophets methim; the Spirit of God came powerfully upon him,and he joined in their prophesying. 11 When allthose who had formerly known him saw himprophesying with the prophets, they asked eachother, What is this that has happened to the sonof Kish? Is Saul also among the prophets? 1Samuel 10 8. SAULS FACE SAVER22 But Samuel replied:Does the LORD delight in burnt offerings and sacrificesas much as in obeying the LORD?To obey is better than sacrifice,and to heed is better than the fat of rams.23 For rebellion is like the sin of divination,and arrogance like the evil of idolatry.Because you have rejected the word of the LORD,he has rejected you as king.24 Then Saul said to Samuel, I have sinned. I violated the LORDs command and your instructions. Iwas afraid of the men and so I gave in to them. 25 Now I beg you, forgive my sin and come back withme, so that I may worship the LORD.26 But Samuel said to him, I will not go back with you. You have rejected the word of the LORD, andthe LORD has rejected you as king over Israel!27 As Samuel turned to leave, Saul caught hold of the hem of his robe, and it tore. 28 Samuel said tohim, The LORD has torn the kingdom of Israel from you today and has given it to one of yourneighborsto one better than you. 29 He who is the Glory of Israel does not lie or change his mind;for he is not a human being, that he should change his mind.30 Saul replied, I have sinned. But please honor me before the elders of my people and beforeIsrael; come back with me, so that I may worship the LORD your God. 31 So Samuel went back withSaul, and Saul worshiped the LORD.1 Samuel 15 9. SAMUEL MOURNS FOR SAUL34 Then Samuel left for Ramah, but Saul wentup to his home in Gibeah of Saul. 35 Until theday Samuel died, he did not go to see Saulagain, though Samuel mourned for him. Andthe LORD regretted that he had made Saul kingover Israel. 1 Samuel 15 10. SAUL SEEKS A MEDIUM4 The Philistines went to Shunem and set up camp. Saul called the army ofIsrael together, and they set up their camp in Gilboa. 5 Saul took one look atthe Philistine army and started shaking with fear.6 So he askedthe LORD what to do. But the LORD would not answer, either in a dream orby a priest or a prophet. 7 Then Saul told his officers, Find me a womanwho can talk to the spirits of the dead. Ill go to her and find out whatsgoing to happen.His servants told him, Theres a woman at Endor who can talk to spirits ofthe dead.8 That night, Saul put on different clothing so nobody would recognize him.Then he and two of his men went to the woman, and asked, Will you bringup the ghost of someone for us?9 The woman said, Why are you trying to trick me and get me killed? Youknow King Saul has gotten rid of everyone who talks to the spirits of thedead!10 Saul replied, I swear by the living LORD that nothing will happen to youbecause of this. 1 Samuel 28 11. Both Saul and David had humblebeginnings.Saul sought mans favour (I Samuel15:30) God removed his spirit (ISamuel 16:1)David sought Gods favour - Godspirit came mightily upon him (ISamuel 16:13). 12. DAVID HONOUREDDavid is first brought to us in the Bible in abrilliant, dramatic way. He is introduced to usin the Bible with a huge head start. We seehim: Honoured by God Honoured by the King Honoured by the people 13. HONOURED BY GODI Samuel 16For man looks at the outwardappearance but God looks at the heart. 14. DISCUSSIONRead 1 Samuel 16 v. 1-14, 21-231. What qualities did Samuel and Jesse look for in their choice of a King?2. What did Jesse think of David? 15. HONOURED BY GODRead II Chronicles 16:9 For the eyes of the LORD range throughout the earth tostrengthen those whose hearts are fully committed to him. You have done a foolishthing, and from now on you will be at war."Even today, God is looking for someone to anoint.Our friends and family may not think much of us,Men and women of God may not think much of us,WHAT DOES GOD THINK OF US?Does Gods opinion of us or mans opinion of us disturb us more. How do we seepeople? 16. DISCUSSIONThe Lord is with him v 181. What are some of the qualities Davidpossesses now? V. 182. What does that show about the work of thespirit? develops all aspects of personality.3. How do you view this as part of Gods plan? training for Kingship4. What do we observe about Davids relationshipwith Saul? 17. The spirit of God in a person caninfluence the most heathen rebel.The spirit of God in our lives candrive out the evil spirit in others 18. HONOURED BY THE KINGRead I Samuel 16 :14-235 Whatever mission Saul sent him on, David was so successful that Saul gave him ahigh rank in the army. This pleased all the troops, and Sauls officers as well. 1Samuel 18:5Augustines father, a heathen told him, Be great. His mother told him Be good.He said I will be both. After years of folly he resolved to be good. He is stillremembered as one of the worlds greatest saints.What a contrast from Lord Clive who while being cheered by the nation for hissuccess shot himself through his head. 19. HONOURED BY THE PEOPLE6 When the men were returning home after David had killed thePhilistine, the women came out from all the towns of Israel tomeet King Saul with singing and dancing, with joyful songs andwith timbrels and lyres. 7 As they danced, they sang:Saul has slain his thousands,and David his tens of thousands.1 Samuel 18 20. DISCUSSIONDavids experience of God was restricted to thosefew sheep in the wilderness. Now he was facinga whole army. But it did not matter to him.Read v. 22-331. What are the possible reasons why Davidsheart could have failed?2. Instead what response did he show? V 32.37 21. DAVIDS KEY SUCCESS FACTORSA single mind he was highly focussed,nothing could deter himA single motive v 46 that the earth may knowthat there is a God in Israel. 22. GODS TOUCHPOINTSA walk thru the Old Testament (OT)..Lesson 21: Davids win-winOld Testament SummaryThe Patriarchal AgesThe JudgesThe Reign of RoyaltyMajor and Minor Prophets 23. OT WALKTHRU- THE REIGN OF ROYALTY1. From Sovereign God to Earthly Kings2. David leverages the win-win3. The falls and recoveries of David4. Royal Verses Psalms5. Royal Wisdom Proverbs and Ecclesiastes6. A Royal Love Story Song of Solomon7. Division and Downfall of Israel 24. DAVID LEVERAGES WIN-WIN Courageous when cheated Not bitter when hated Submissive to sufferingDavid not only won battles, he won relationships! 25. WIN LOSE (I SAM 18:6-8) SAULS ATTITUDEI Sam 18:8 The women's song upset Saul, and he became very angry. Hethought, "The women say David has killed tens of thousands, but they say Ihave killed only thousands. The only thing left for him to have is thekingdom!" 26. DAVIDS WIN-WIN ATTITUDECOURAGEOUS WHEN CHEATEDI Samuel 18:21-30Saul tried to trap David to death.David doubled the challenge and wonMichal, Sauls daughter as his wife.In v.30, David met with moresuccess than the rest of Saulsofficers, and his name became wellknown 27. DA