1. Social Studies for 10th EBG Teacher: Mauricio Torres
2. Islam means submission, and in context it means: submission to God. The followers of Islam are called Muslims. 3. He kept on preaching and his followers believed he received messages from God These messages were recorded in the Quran, the Islamic holy book. 4. In 613, Muhammad began to spread his messages, teaching there is only one God, Allah (the God in Arabic). Therefore, Islam is clearly monotheistic. For the Arabs, this was a new concept, because they were polytheistic. They had shrines, like the Kaaba where the would travel every year on a pilgrimage. His teachings did not sit well with the Arabs! 5. The Arabs resented Muhammad for two reasons: They did not like being told to stop worshipping their gods. Muhammads new religion was bad for business: Pilgrims spent a lot of money on the merchants when they visited Mecca. Also, they disliked the idea of equality: Heaven is a place were rich and poor would be equal. The rich should give charity to the poor. 6. Rich people in Mecca wanted Muhammad killed. So he moved away with his followers to another city called Medina. This departure is known as the hijra. Here he became a political and religious leader. His house became the first mosque (building for Muslim prayer) 7. As the community in Medina grew stronger, other Arab tribes began to accept Islam. This lead to a conflict with Meccans and in 630, after several years of fighting, they gave in and accepted Islam as their religion. Muhammad died in 632 and Islam became the driving force behind Arab unification and later expansion. 8. Explain: What is the difference between the term Muslim and Islam? Recall: What is the hijra? Describe: What must have been the environment in Mecca, when Muhammad preached for equality? Compare: What is one major belief that is the same in Judaism, Christianity and Islam?