Tessa perkins stereotype theory

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Tessa Perkins Stereotype Theory Slideshow


<ul><li> 1. Tessa PerkinsStereotype Theory A stereotype is an idea that is adopted about specific types ofindividuals/group of people. The thoughts may not always accuratelyreflect reality. Types of Stereotypes in our college:-people who they think are higher than everyone else.-BTEC Sport (shorts, big bags, football boots)-Mean Girls (well dressed, stuck up, make up)-Wannabe Mods (parka, indie band tops) Why do we stereotype individuals and group of people?We stereotype people because of the way media portrays certainpeople. If the media didnt portray a certain person in a certain way, wewouldnt make these judgements. Stereotyping is helping usunderstand the world.</li></ul> <p> 2. StereotypesStereotypes are assumptions we make based on groups ofpeopleHow do we come to such conclusions? Because of the waymedia portrays certain individuals.What do we base our assumptions on? People we see inthe media, the way they dress is labelled as a style or theway they act so we relate this to people around us.Are we always correct when we categorise people in suchways? Not entirely, this is because we havent met theperson properly, we make judgements based on what wesee of them. 3. Tessa PerkinsStereotyping is not a simple process and contains a number of assumptions that canbe challenged.Perkins identifies 5 such assumptions:-Stereotypes are not always negative, e.g. The French are good cooks.-They are not always about minority groups or the less powerful, e.g. Upper classtwits-They can be held about ones own group.-They are not rigid or unchanging.-They are not always false. 4. 1. They are not always negativeAs I mentioned on the other slide, this is one of the assumptions Perkins talks about inher theory. People assume that stereotypes are negative, for example: youngtroublesome youths hoodie culture, however youth can also be seen as a good thing.An example of this is the riot that happened in England in early August of 2011. A lotof people were involved in this and methods included: rioting, looting, arson,mugging, assault and even murder. Everyone put the blame on the youths but in fact itwas the shooting of 29 year old Mark Duggan when he fired at a police officer, whothen shot him that started it all off. Therefore, it wasnt actually the youths fault butthey took the blame. 5. 2. They are not always about minoritygroups or the less powerfulPeople assume that stereotypes are aimed at and targeted towards and less powerfulbut this is not always the case, we can make assumptions and stereotypes aboutupper class minorities in the same way they would make assumptions about lowerclass people. 6. 3. They can be held about ones own groupAs a representation of people, everyone within Wyke college are based as a group. Inour own group we stereotype people, demonstrating even though we all belong tothe same institution and hold the same ideologies as a whole, within the groups westereotype based on our assumptions. This makes each of us feel part of the largercommunity. 7. 4. They are not rigid or unchangingOnce a stereotype has been created it is very hard to change it. However, Perkinsstates that over a period of time it can change and develop, just not overnight.For example: Nerds used to be seen as the outcasts, very geeky, uncool but now it isseen as cool and it has somewhat become a style.Another example is the view of women. Women used to be stereotyped as ahousewife but are now more associated with being more career driven. 8. 5. They are not always falseStereotypes have to have some truth in them or where else would the representationcome from?We witness and read many stories in the media that help us shape and understandthese stereotypes.We may witness it first hand or second hand, however there must be some truth in astereotype otherwise the ideology behind them would not have existed in the firstplace. 9. Implications of StereotypesStereotypes are always usually wrong in content.They are (negative) concepts.They are about group with whom we have little or no social contact; by implication therefore, they are not heldabout ones own group- thats a stereotype of a stereotype.They are bout minority or repressed groups most of the time, creating negative representation of the lower classpossibly giving the upper class more power.People either hold stereotypes of a group (believe them to be true) or do not. This is what can lead to negativebehaviour or wrong assumptions.Because someone holds a stereotype of a group, his or her behaviour towards a member of that group can bepredicted. This can lead to unfair treatment of members of society, for example: White Dee on this years CelebrityBig Brother.Stereotypes are an invaluable aid to understanding the world and all stereotypes must have a bit of truth or theywould not have such an influence.Could we have a world without stereotypes? No, because otherwise if stereotypes didnt exist, everyone would bebranded as the same and no one would be individual. 10. My example mindmapTessa PerkinsStereotypes1. They are notalways aboutminority5. They are notalways false2. They can beheld about onesown group3. They are notrigid orunchanging4. Not alwaysnegative1. Politicians are corrupt and dont care about us and Britishpeople are all tea drinkers2. Dancers / Famous people (Dyer Theory)3. Nerds (used to be uncool, now its cool, seen as a style4. Italians are good at making pizza/pasta5. Old people being racist and old people frown uponhomosexuals but in our generation it is more accepted than itwas in their time. 11. My OpinionAre stereotypes fair? I do not think theyre fair as we are making judgements onpeople we do not really know, so they could be really nice and we could give them abad stereotype. Although they are unfair, I think we naturally stereotype peopleeither way, so there is no stopping it.Is it possible not to stereotype people or groups of people? No because are so used tostereotyping people into different categories so it will never change.How do they help us understand the world? Having stereotypes put people intodifferent categories so it helps us identify the type of person they possibly are. 12. ChangesHow has the media changed the stereotypes of men and women? The stereotypes for genderhave changed a lot over the years. The media has portrayed them differently so it haschanged the views of people, so different generations think different things. The stereotypeof women has progressed a lot as people do not relate them just to housewife anymore, theyare seen as empowering and strong. The stereotype of men hasnt changed a lot as men arestill seen as the hard-working person in the family but as the way media has changed, we arebeing shown a lot more stay at home dads.Is it possible for a stereotype to change 100%? I do not agree because even if a stereotypedevelops a new meaning and changes, the past meaning of a certain stereotype may still bethere so people will still associate with it.How do I think they may develop further? What other changes may take place? I think over theyears, events may happen where stereotypes are viewed differently so it develops a wholedifferent meaning, possibly creating new stereotypes in the future in different generations. </p>