CITIES FOR PEOPLE JAN GEHL, PROFESSOR, DR. LITT. FOUNDING PARTNER: GEHL ARCHITECTSURBAN QUALITY CONSULTANTS, COPENHAGEN
CHANGE OF PARADIGM 11960
CHANGE OF PARADIGM 2 From 1955. Car invasionPerth, West Australia Elsinore, Denmark
Jane Jacobs * 1961
Lower Manhattan Expressway
Celebrating the Gateway in Washington Square Park!
THE BRASILIA SYNDROME! (City Planning from 5.000 meter above 5 000the ground )THE PLANNERS :PLANNING FROM ABOVE AND FROM A DISTANCE
Brasilia (1955- )
Brasilia -The people scale is completely neglected
THE ARCHITECTS : MORE AND MORE FOCUSSED ON FORM
Brooklyn, New York Residences: Frank Gehry
THE TRAFFIC PLANNERS: MAKING ROOM FOR THE TRAFFIC THE TRAFFIC PLANNERS: MAKING THE CARS HAPPY
All Cities have TrafficDepartments and perfectstatistics concerning trafficand parking*TheTh cars are very visible and i ibl deverpresent in the planning p p gprocess
Landscape Architects: Looking after the landscape?
Who, by the way, look after the People Landscape The Human Dimension The City at eye level ?
Do you know of any City department forpedestrians and public life?Hardly any City has statistics and dataconcerning the people who use the cityThe people in the City tend to be veryinvisible and poorly represented in thepaplanning process g p ocess
Welcome to the New London (Norman Foster)
Enjoy yourself in EuroLille (Rem Koolhaas)
Welcome to the Riverside and please enjoy!!!
Old Housing area (1905)Cope age , eCopenhagen, DenmarkaUninterestingCity Plan Scale
But a really niceand inviting d i itiPeople Scale
The most important scale of all is People ScaleThe City at eye level and at 5 km/h y y
CITIES FOR PEOPLE (sept 2010) ( p ) The neglected dimension
Attractive CityPeople Scale, Less Stress, Less Noise, Less Pollution + a City p ydominated by Attraction No. 1: PEOPLE
Sustainable CityA good Public Realm is a crucial factorfor good Public Transportation
Healthy CityHouston - th City with thH t the Cit ith thefattest people of the World
INVITATIONS TO THE CITY
More Roads = More Traffic
Taking down Freeways, San Francisco, USA g y, ,
Seoul, Koreabefore after
London Congestion Charge 2003 Congestion charge area - 24 square kilometers
Bicycling in CopenhagenOn a citywide network of bicycle lanes
An efficient, citywidetransportation system
Bicycles are takenstraight through the g gstreet crossings and thelanes are marked withblue.blue Bicycle signals turn green six seconds before the car signals.
Trains & Metrowelcomingbicycles
Cello and bass players cycle
All Age Groups bicycle: from 5-85+ Age A 92 Mother in law: age 85
TheDanishCrownPrinceisdoingittoo Two guys on the road towards the throne Princes Frederik and Christian on their way to the day care 50% Australian kid ! Even Australians can learn to bicycle if they start early!
Bicycling has doubled in 10 years
Going to work in the City of Copenhagen 37% use bicycle 27% drive car 33% use public transit 5% walk
70% continue to bike in the winter
Major complaint : CongestionOn the bicycle lanes!
CopenhagenFrom traffic place to people place p p p p
Jane Jacobs Strget1961 p g Copenhagen pedestrian st. 1962
In1962all18squareswereparkinglots nowtheyareallpeoplesquares h ll l
Public Space-Public Life Surveys: Copenhagen 1968, 1985, 1995 (+2005)
The development of pedestrian areas in the cityfrom 19627 times more People Space!
In lI only 40 years th good season h b the d has beenextended from 2 to 10 months
Copenhagen Street: 2 Sidewalks, 2 proper bicycle lanes, lanes street trees 2 lanes trees, for 2 way traffic, and a substan- substan- tial median to facilitate f ilit t crossing the i th streetWe do not ha e to think haveand act as 1960s trafficengineers for ever. Times ever. Timesare changing and trafficengineers are by now muchsmartersmarter
Sidewalks and bicycle lanes are taken across sidestreets,making the city more comfortable and people friendly!
Copenhagen: New Public Life Policy 2009: THE WORLDS FINEST CITY FOR PEOPLE Consultants: GEHL ArchitectAmong the goals: Everyone to walk 20% more by 2015!!!
Melbourne, - 3 mil. Inh.
The Age c.1980
Places for People 1994 Places for People p 2004www.gehlarchitects.dk