ICAWC 2013 - Euthanasia - When is The Right Time to Say Goodbye? - James Yeates

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ICAWC 2013 Barcelona, Spain - James Yeates' presentation on Euthanasia - When is The Right Time to Say Goodbye?

Text of ICAWC 2013 - Euthanasia - When is The Right Time to Say Goodbye? - James Yeates

  • James Yeates Euthanasia
  • 2 Euthanasia Very important part of clinical work Tough decision to make Personal decision that you have to make
  • 3 Lecturing on euthanasia Cannot tell you what to do in every situation (just as for any clinical matter) Can give generic guidelines and advice
  • 4 This talk 3 Distinctions 3 Approaches to Decision-making
  • 5 Distinction 1: Euthanasia vs Killing To be euthanasia it must be Humane For the animals benefit
  • 6 Distinction 2: Killing Types Only way to One way to Doesnt avoid avoid ve QOL avoid ve QOL avoid ve QOL for that animal for that animal for that animal ContextuallyIdeal justified Not Euthanasia Euthanasia Euthanasia
  • 7 Distinction 3: Volition (of the owner) Voluntary euthanasia Where the owner gives valid informed consent to the killing You can refuse In-voluntary euthanasia Against the owners expressed wishes May need some defence Non-voluntary euthanasia When the owners wishes cannot be taken into account, since the owner is unknown or uncontactable Should avoid over-defensiveness
  • 8 The value of life 3 Approaches: 1. Life/death absolutely does matter 2. Life/death absolutely does not matter 3. Life/death matter if they matter
  • Tom Regan Approach 1. Absolutely Matters An Animal Rights view: absolutely wrong to deprive of life Anti-experimentation, Anti-hunting, Anti-farming Rights often linked to duties DUTIES RIGHTS
  • 10 But Value for the animal A) An animals right is worth respecting if and only if good for the animal B) Life is good for the animal if and only if it is a life worth living C) Killing is causing death Therefore, killing is wrong if an only if it is prevents life worth living
  • 11 Approach 2. Absolutely Does Not Matter Classic position: death insignificant Hence Reduction in the 3Rs Death is not a welfare issue Hence Reduction in the 3Rs I just said that
  • But Animal Welfare and Value of life Welfare state Welfare state Welfare state C Welfare state Z Welfare state B Welfare state Y A X Overall welfare Overall welfare Quality-of-life Life worth avoiding Life worth living
  • 13 Death deprives of welfare Value to animal = what it prevents Deprives of positive or negative QOL I.e. cost or benefit
  • 14 So Value for the animal A) Causing harm is wrong B) To deprive of a good things is a harm C) Life is a good thing if and only if it is a life worth living D) Killing is causing death Therefore, killing is wrong if and only if it prevents a life worth living
  • 15 Decision-making 1. Evaluation Death has value to the animal If Life worth living: Life = good Death = bad If Life worth avoiding: Life = bad Death = good
  • 16 Decision-making 2. constraints Should make best decision for the animal within constraints Owner + legality (+ effect on other animals) Resources + effect on other animals Using up resources on Dog A deprives other animals Do should avoid using up excessive resources This limits options for Dog A Contextually-justified euthanasia
  • 17 THANK YOU FOR LISTENING