Sociolinguistics chapter 7

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  • Chapter 7: GENDER AND LANGUAGE USEContents 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Womens and Mens Languages7.3 Variationist Studies(Presented by Hong Van)7.4 Gender in Interaction7.5 Gender and Politeness (Presented by Ngoc Bich)7.6 Contextualised Approaches7.7 Conclusion (Presented by Tran Thu)

  • Chapter 7: GENDER AND LANGUAGE USE 7.1 INTRODUCTION* The history of researching gender and language use* The studies emphases * Gender and language use area * The chapters content * Method of the chapter

  • 1. History of gender and language use - The term folklinguistics sets of popular beliefs about language - Many interesting early studies in terms of systematic empirical investigation - At the beginning of the 1970s, language and gender became a major research area. 2. The studies emphases :- Past : generalized gender differences Recent: context to provide a more contextualised

    nuanced account of how speakers may draw on language to negotiate gender, along with other aspects of identity

  • - This research area has been characterised by interdisciplinarity with valuable contributions from

    anthropology discourse analysis education literary theory media studies social psychology sociology womens studies lesbian and gay studies more narrowly defined sociolinguistics

    - Most contributors - feminists- Both the development of theory and more practical concerns- The importance of this interesting topic is just because of what gender and language use can add to our understanding of language and how it works, and to the sociolinguistic study of language. 3. Gender and language use area

  • 4. The chapters content - Considering aspects of language and gender most closely related to sociolinguistic issues identified in previous chapter.- Focusing on social psychological studies about the content of spoken interaction, relating the expression of peoples beliefs and attitudes to the social construction of gender. 5. Method of the chapter -Historical approach ( Studies of distinctive female and male forms in certain languages variationist studies interactional studies examples of more contextualised studies )

  • Chapter 7: GENDER AND LANGUAGE USE 7.2 Womens and Mens Languages

    . -Language may have a direct relationship with gender, but language forms (for instance with status and power) generally have a range of associations which may in turn be related to gender.

  • Findings from studies of Native American languages- The following table will show Female and male verb forms in Koasati :Female form Male form Meaninglakawcn lakawc.s dont lift it!lakawwl lakawws I am lifting itlakwwilit lakwwilic I lifted it(Haas 1944: 1434)

    Early commentators Linguistics distinctions indexical of social practices and beliefs. Language social mirror reflects important social distinctions

    Furfey (1944) The existence of different female and male forms of language Speakers were conscious of women and men as different categories of human beings.

  • Chapter 7: GENDER AND LANGUAGE USE 7.2 Womens and Mens Languages- A related point: research on gender and language use has traditionally been concerned with differences between female and male speakers, but also with issues of power and dominance. There has sometimes been a tension between difference and dominance positions in research.

  • Chapter 7: GENDER AND LANGUAGE USE 7.2 Womens and Mens Languages

    - Terms such as womens language and mens language imply homogeneity among women and men; more recently, however, researchers have emphasised diversity between women, and between men, as social groups.

  • 7.3 Variationist Studies: Quantifying genderGender and Social StratificationSampling: women, men and social classThe sociolinguistic interview Interpreting gender differencesGender and Lifestyle/ Patterns of InteractionGender and Acts of Identity

  • Chapter 7: GENDER AND LANGUAGE USE 7.3 Variationist Studies: Quantifying gender

    Gender and social Stratification

  • Thanks for your attendance!