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CLINICAL TEACHING CLINICAL TEACHING METHODSMETHODS
DEFINITION• Clinical teaching is time limited
process where by the teacher and student create an established partnership with in a shared environment in such a way that the teacher’s primary, operational frame of reference is maintained as the legitimate means for affecting students behavior towards intended purpose.
PURPOSES Provide individualized care. Develop high technical
competence skills. Practice various procedures. Collect and analyze the data. Conduct research.
Maintain high standards of nursing practice.
Become independent enough to practice nursing.
Develop cognitive, affective and psychomotor skills.
Meet the needs of clients. Improve communication skill and
IPR. Develop various methods in
To learn diagnostic procedures and skills in giving HE.
Help in integration of theory into practice.
Develop proficiency in nursing procedures.
To assist physician. Learn managerial skills. To become professionally active
GUIDELINES FOR SELECTION OF TEACHING METHODS
Must be appropriate to objectives and desired behavioral changes.
Must be in accordance with principles of learning.
Must be in accordance with the capacity of the student.
Must be in accordance with availability of resources.
Must be in accordance with the teacher’s ability to use it effectively and creatively.
CLINICAL TEACHING METHODS1. Client family centered method.2. Observation.3. Conferences. Clinical Individual Group staff
Nursing care conference. Team conference.4. Bedside clinic5. Nursing rounds6. Demonstration7. Ward teaching8. Ward class9. Ward clinic10. Case study/Case presentation
11. Discussion method12. Brain storming13. Process Recording14. Laboratory method15. Health talks16. Nursing Care study17. Assignments18. Exhibition19. Incidental teaching
19. Problem solving method20. Research projects21. Field trips
CLIENT FAMILY CENTERD APPROACH
PURPOSES To set objectives and criteria's for
nursing care. To plan methods for improving
care. To solve problems in good nursing
care. To evaluate the results of efforts. To create team building skills in
students and to express oneself assertively.
TYPES Unplanned or incidental
conference Planned conference
PURPOSES1) To guide in teaching.2) To acquire more knowledge.3) To discover the interests, needs
and problems of individual students.
4) To help the students to help herself or himself.
5) To clarify class knowledge.
NURSING CARE CONFERENCE
a) Opening phase.b) Working phase.c) Closing phase.
ADVANTAGES Help the student to collect
information in creative way. Provides real practical learning
environment to students. Fortifies the thinking of students.
PURPOSESa. To provide learning experience.b. To improve the problem solving
ability.c. To help for nursing observation
in systematic way.d. To understand different
equipments used on patients.e. To prepare nursing care plan.
PHASES1. Introduction phase.2. Patient centered discussion.3. Post clinic evaluation.
ADVANTAGES It puts the student in an active
actual situation. Covers limited group of students. Develop qualities of observation
and decision taking. Ensures close contact with reality. Permits comparison between
reality and theory.
DISADVANTAGES• Sometimes put the patient in a
difficult situation.• Poor standardization.• Narrow limits of utilization.
PURPOSES• Demonstrate symptoms
important in nursing care, clarifies terminology studied.
• Compare patients reaction to disease and disease condition.
• Demonstrate the effects of drugs.• Illustrates skillful nursing care.• Understands methods of meeting
ADVANTAGES It develops students psychomotor
skills and inculcate proper attitude among them.
Promote team spirit and professionalism.
Motivated to learn more about nursing management of patients in the ward.
Discriminate patients risk categories.
DISADVANTAGES Require careful planning. Only applicable for small group of
WARD TEACHING METHODS
PURPOSESTo supplement to intergrate and to
ulitises classroom instructionTo make the students to apply
correct scientific principles based on the nursing activity
To enable the student to gain a real understanding of different clinical situations
To inspire the students for self development
CASE STUDY OR CASE PRESENTATION
PURPOSETo provide real life situationsTo serve as a preview of a lessson and
for gathering instructional materialsTo varify previous information,class
discussion,and conclusion of individual experience
To serve as a mean to develop postive attitudes, values and special skills.
Pre-requisitesKnowledgeRapportObjectives Time and transportPreparation of the studentsSupervisionFollow up and evaluation
VALUES• Breaks monotony of classroom• Opportunity for learning attitudes
and positive values• Opportunity for learning and
acquring skills• Correlate school life with outside
world• Arouse interest and motivation
DISADVANTAGES• Time consuming• Careful planning is required• Transportation problem• Safety precautions are required• Observation difficulty for large
DEFINITION• Process recording is an exact
written report of the conversation between the nurse and the patient during the time they were together
uses As a teaching learning tool As an evaluation tool. As a therapeutic tool.
PHASES1) Preparing the student2) Recording nurse patient
interaction.3) Evaluating the interaction by
nurse, teacher and the student.
GUIDELINES Goals for working with assigned
patients should be written down before starting PR.
Note important factors in patients personality development.
Mention the therapies which the pt is getting
Date of PR should be mentioned. Time spent with patient should be
recorded. The setting and situation should be
written before conversation. Identify pts needs. After completion of PR students
should give a feedback. Evaluate the PR as a learning
experience at the end of adjustment.
NURSING CARE STUDY
DEFINITION• It is the blue print of nursing care
rendered by a nursing student to a selected pt,for a particular period by following nursing process approach with an intention to develop comprehensive nursing care abilities.