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Seminar on Ameloblastoma

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Page 1: Seminar on Ameloblastoma

Good Morning

Page 2: Seminar on Ameloblastoma

Ameloblastoma ???Ameloblastoma ???

Presented by:

Dr. Abdul Qahar Qureshi

(PG Student)

Page 3: Seminar on Ameloblastoma

IntroductionIntroduction

Ameloblastoma –Ameloblastoma – Ivey and ChurchhilIvey and Churchhil (1934) (1934)

Adamantinoma - Adamantinoma - Malassez Malassez (1885)(1885)

An odontogenic tumor reported since 1826An odontogenic tumor reported since 1826

Page 4: Seminar on Ameloblastoma

Definition: Ameloblastoma as“ a odontogenic epithelial tumor that is usually unicentric, nonfunctional, intermittent in growth, anatomically benign and clinically persistent”.

– Robinson-1937

The Ameloblastoma is a true neoplasm of The Ameloblastoma is a true neoplasm of the enamel organ type tissue which does the enamel organ type tissue which does

not undergo differentiation to the point of not undergo differentiation to the point of enamel formation. enamel formation.

-WHO -WHO

Page 5: Seminar on Ameloblastoma

• Clinical ClassificationClinical Classification

Multicystic or conventional solid ameloblastoma – 86%

Unicystic ameloblastoma – 13%

Peripheral or extraosseous ameloblastoma - 1%

Malignant ameloblastoma

Ameloblastic carcinoma

Pituitary ameloblastoma

Page 6: Seminar on Ameloblastoma

Radiological ClassificationRadiological Classification

Lagundoye et al (1975) classified as

Multiloculated – multicystic

Unilocular

Septate- trabeculated Solid.

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Histological classification:Histological classification: Plexiform type Plexiform type

Follicular type Follicular type

AcanthamatousAcanthamatous

GranularGranular

DesmoplasticDesmoplastic

Basal cell typeBasal cell type

Unicystic Unicystic

Plexiform unicysticPlexiform unicystic

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Multicystic AmeloblastomaMulticystic Ameloblastoma

Clinical Features•Recur multiple times & can metastasize

•Older group of patients

•Average age presentation: 32.7 - 44 yr.

•Majority of cases involve the mandible

•Kameyama et al: 23:1 ratio of mandibular to maxillary ameloblastomas

Page 9: Seminar on Ameloblastoma

Unicystic AmeloblastomaUnicystic AmeloblastomaClinical features

•Robinson & Martinez 1977

•May be associated with an unerupted tooth

Age & Location

Average age: 19.4 yr. To 27.7 yr.

•Almost exclusively in the mandible (few cases in the maxilla)

•More than 2/3 of the lesion occur in the molar-ramus region of the mandible

•Molar ramus area: 78% - 75%

•Symphysis area: 13%

•Cuspid-premolar area: 9.7% - 25%

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Peripheral AmeloblastomaPeripheral Ameloblastoma

Clinical Features

•Uncommon lesion

•More frequent in the mandible than in the maxilla (2:1)

•Male to female ratio of 1.6:1

•Mean age of diagnosis: 53 yr

•Painless, sessile, firm, exophytic lesion

•Occurs in the soft tissue overlying the alveolar bone

•There is not direct bone involvement, but signs of erosion or cupping may appear in response to the tumor growth

Page 11: Seminar on Ameloblastoma

Malignant AmeloblastomaMalignant Ameloblastoma

Clinical Features

•Rare lesion

•Almost exclusively in the mandible

•Male to female ratio of 1.8:1

•Mean age of diagnosis: 28-32 yr.

•Common sites for metastasis : lungs (75%) spleen, kidney & ileum

Page 12: Seminar on Ameloblastoma

Biological behaviourBiological behaviour

Benign, Benign, Locally aggressive, Locally aggressive, Infiltrative odontogenic neoplasm ,Infiltrative odontogenic neoplasm , Rare capacity to metastasize,Rare capacity to metastasize, Notorious tendency to recur. Notorious tendency to recur.

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Low grade malignant.Low grade malignant.

Asymptomatic . Asymptomatic .

Tooth eruption and dental occlusion disturbance, Tooth eruption and dental occlusion disturbance,

tooth mobility and root resorption.tooth mobility and root resorption.

Either jaw - posterior maxilla or molar ramus area.Either jaw - posterior maxilla or molar ramus area.

Growth Pattern:- Bucco linguallyGrowth Pattern:- Bucco lingually

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The medullary extension with intact cortex is The medullary extension with intact cortex is not an uncommon findingnot an uncommon finding

Grows by bone expansion rather than bone Grows by bone expansion rather than bone destruction. destruction.

Aggressively invade adjacent and regional Aggressively invade adjacent and regional tissues. tissues.

Metastasize to the bronchopulmonary system, Metastasize to the bronchopulmonary system, local and distant lymph nodes, and distant local and distant lymph nodes, and distant organs.organs.

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Surgical optionsSurgical options

Curettage Curettage

Enucleation and CauterizationEnucleation and Cauterization

Wide excisionWide excision

Resection (segmental or en bloc) and Resection (segmental or en bloc) and

reconstructionreconstruction

Page 16: Seminar on Ameloblastoma

Carlson and MarxCarlson and Marx ( JOMS 64: 2006) have ( JOMS 64: 2006) have rekindled the clinical controversy in the surgical rekindled the clinical controversy in the surgical management of ameloblastoma.management of ameloblastoma.

i.i. Assessing anatomic barrierAssessing anatomic barrierii.ii. Resection with 1 to 1.5 cm linear bone marginsResection with 1 to 1.5 cm linear bone marginsiii.iii. The use of specimen radiographsThe use of specimen radiographsiv.iv. The use of frozen section of medullary portion of the stumpThe use of frozen section of medullary portion of the stump

Their Their recommended protocolrecommended protocol for surgical for surgical

managemant of multicystic ameloblastom was;managemant of multicystic ameloblastom was;

Page 17: Seminar on Ameloblastoma

Multilocular ameloblastomaMultilocular ameloblastoma - -Segmental Segmental resection and reconstructionresection and reconstruction

Desmoplastic ameloblastomaDesmoplastic ameloblastoma - - Wide excision Wide excision

and partial maxillectomy.and partial maxillectomy.

Unilocular ameloblastomaUnilocular ameloblastoma - - Enucleation and Enucleation and Cauterization.Cauterization.

Page 18: Seminar on Ameloblastoma

ReferrencesReferrences Unisystic Ameloblastoma of Mandible(1997)Unisystic Ameloblastoma of Mandible(1997) Peripheral Ameloblastoma(1994,1995)Peripheral Ameloblastoma(1994,1995) Marsupialization of cystic ameloblastoma(1995)Marsupialization of cystic ameloblastoma(1995) The Ameloblastoma:Primary, Curative Surgical The Ameloblastoma:Primary, Curative Surgical

Management.Management.Eric R. Carlson and Robert E. MarxEric R. Carlson and Robert E. Marx Oral Pathology- NavilleOral Pathology- Naville Wood and GoazWood and Goaz Daniel M LaskinDaniel M Laskin Shafer’s Oral PathologyShafer’s Oral Pathology ArcherArcher

Page 19: Seminar on Ameloblastoma