Text of Looking into Healthcare Reform: Assuring Quality in Health Care
1. Looking into Healthcare Reform: Assuring Quality in Health Care University of St. Thomas October 20, 2009 Jennifer P. Lundblad, PhD, MBA Stratis Health
2. In This Session:
Improve our understanding of the current state of health care quality, and how federal and state health reform efforts affect health care quality and patient safety.
3. Who is Stratis Health?
Independent, nonprofit, community-based Minnesota organization founded in 1971
Guided by 13-member Board of Directors
Leads collaboration and innovation in health care quality and safety, and serves as a trusted expert in facilitating improvement for people and communities
Funded by federal and state contracts, corporate and foundation grants
4. Health Reform Through the Quality Lens
At Stratis Health, our view is through the quality and patient safety lens.
Through this lens, we are studying and engaging on health reform with the framework that asks 4 questions in evaluating health reform ideas and actions.
5. The Quality Lens
From the quality and patient safety perspective, four questions to ask in evaluating health reform ideas:
Incent right actions?
6. Does this idea or proposal increase access to health care services?
Strong correlation between health care access and quality, enabling care to be delivered in the most appropriate setting based on medical needs and patient preferences.
A health system that proactively promotes health and health care for everyone rather than only reactively treating illness and disease contributes to quality and patient safety.
7. Does this idea or proposal improve disparities in health care?
Equity is closely linked to access, but we believe is worth calling out separately when evaluating health reform proposals, and considering whether disparities by race, ethnicity, or language, or by socioeconomic status, or by geographic locale are addressed and reduced in any given proposal or idea.
8. Does this idea or proposal improve health care value?
Cost on its own is a tempting factor in reviewing the merits of health reform ideas, but it is really value the relationship between cost and quality that is the true indicator of whether health and health care are improved.
Health reform proposals need to accurately assess not only the cost of health care, but what benefit is gained in terms of quality.
9. Does this idea or proposal encourage us to do the right thing?
Need to encourage and support patients to be actively involved in their health care, to use data for informed decision-making, and to be proactively engaged in healthy behaviors.
Need clinicians and provider organizations to be encouraged and assisted to use the most current evidence-based best practices, to approach their patients as partners, and to maximize positive quality outcomes and experiences of care.
10. But first
What is the current state of quality in Minnesota?
Generally very good compared to other states:
AHRQ dashboard on health care quality puts Minnesota at a Strong rating compared to other states.
Medicare Compare report cards show Minnesota providers are better than average, and often best in the nation
Minnesota ranks # 4 among all states in the most recent Americas Health ranking by United Health Foundation
And how can we know more?
11. Minnesota: Nursing Home Report Card
Co-led by state Medicaid agency (DHS) and state health department (MDH)
Includes information on quality of life ratings, MN quality indicators, staff retention, state inspection results, and more
Web site launched January 2006:
State now using data for Pay for Performance
12. Minnesota: MN Hospital Quality Report
Co-led Stratis Health and Minnesota Hospital Association
Includes information on care delivered in Minnesotas hospitals
Web site launched April 2006:
Appropriate Care Measures (all-or-none patient centered measure) for heart failure, pneumonia, and heart attack added in December 2006
Surgical care measures added in April 2007
Patient experience of care measures and mortality measures added in 2008
13. Minnesota: Hospital Adverse Events Report
MN legislature passed first-in-the-nation adverse events law in 2003, implemented by MN Department of Health
Mandated hospital reporting of NQFs 28 never events (including root cause analyses and corrective action plans) for learning purposes
5 rd report released January 2009 with hospital-specific results
Focused work done in: falls, pressure ulcers
14. Minnesota: Minnesota Health Scores
Led by MN Community Measurement
Report measures of quality of clinics and medical groups
Annual public reporting of quality and performance
Includes measures such as diabetes care, asthma care, cancer screening rates, immunization rates, depression care, patient experience
15. Observations and Issues
In the past 3-5 years, MN has gone from a laggard to a leader in publicly reporting health care performance data
Many good efforts in place, but they still reflect the silos of health care delivery
Can future measurement go beyond setting-based measures to reflect care across the continuum as a patient experiences health care?
A multitude of data reporting Web sites
Confusion? Comparability of data?
16. Observations and Issues (cont.)
How we are doing on the big picture goals for transparency?
Effective at bringing the attention of health care leaders to quality and patient safety, and driving improvement? Yes!
Helping consumers be more informed decision makers and activated patients? Not yet, and much more to be done to understand how quality data can be meaningful to consumers and patients.
Effectively helping get us where we want to be as a system (better quality and safety, value, 6 IOM aims)? Too early to tell?
17. Converging Forces in Quality
Transparency and public reporting
Pay for performance and value-based purchasing
Health Information Technology (HIT)
Engaging boards/trustees in quality and safety
Consumerism (or not)
General dissatisfaction about cost and quality of health care
18. Converging Forces in Politics
New President and Democratically-dominated Congress with five health reform bills currently on the table
Nearly every national health care trade association and professional society and almost all health care purchaser associations lined up with a plan for reform
State legislatures actively engaged in improving health care quality and lowering costs
19. Converging forces
Could these converging forces in quality, and in politics -- create a window