Food problems around the world

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    20-Jun-2015

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food and dairy microbiology

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  • 1. What is hunger and famine? Food is one of the most important assets in life, youneed it to survive. Three degrees of hunger: acute, chronic, and hidden. Famine: caused by the shortage of inability of people toobtain food. Usually caused by low food productionresulting from drought, other factors,or it could be a result of the inabilityof a country or its population to affordto buy food.

2. Alarming Facts About Hunger The WHO estimates that one-thirdof the world populationis well-fed, one third isunder-fed and one-third isstarving. 925 million people in theworld do not have enough toeat. Every 3.6 second someonedies of hunger. Every year 15 millionchildren die of hunger. 3. Alarming Facts About Hunger 65% of the worlds hungrypopulaces live in only sevencountries: India, China, TheDemocratic, Republic ofCongo, Bangladesh,Indonesia, Pakistan, andEthiopia. Undernourishment kills morepeople every year thanmalaria, tuberculosis andAIDS combined. 4. Causes For Lack Of Food In The WorldOver-exploitationofenvironmentOver -populationExclusion ofpoorcountriesfrom globaltrade marketUnequaldevelopmentFoodwastageDepletion infood granaryNaturalcalamitiesUrbanization 5. Hunger And The Human BodyBRAIN:A healthy brain needs 20 percent of your bodys energywhich comes from food consumption.HEART:A healthy heart pumps a steady supply of blood throughoutthe body. An undernourished heart shrinks.VITAL ORGANS:The liver and kidneys filter out toxins and waste, while yourimmune system fends off. Dangerous toxins build up as theliver and kidneys fail.SKIN & BONES:Healthy skin shields the body from infection. Hungry skincracks, becoming a gateway for infection. Bones stop growingalso known as stunting. 6. The global food crisis"The world's 200 wealthiest people have as muchmoney as about 40% of the global population, and yet850 million people have to goto bed hungry every night." 7. Food as proportion of household budget While Australian households spend only 17%of their budget on food, Nigerian familiesspend 73% of their budgets to eat,Vietnamese 65%, Indonesians half.- NY Times In Bangladesh, food consumes more than halfmost peoples earnings and rent takes upalmost all the rest. -UK Guardian 8. Food problemsTHE MOST EFECTED REGION 9. The problem? Drought mainly farmers, no irrigation Ban natural resources Not enough money 10. Political Causes and Effects African farmers cultivate small plots of land that do notproduce enough to meet the needs of their families. Theproblem is compounded by the farmers' lack of bargainingpower and lack of access to land, finance and technology. The government had no choice but to raise prices becausethere is nothing importing or exporting. The prices for tools,fertilizers, seeds, and other farming oriented needs areconstantly rising, and the farmers dont have a constantincome. Lastly, Africas technology isnt most supreme, and theiragriculture is terrible, and the government isnt doingenough to help them meet their needs. 11. Social Causes and Effects Given that Africa is rural, and dry, all they do is farm, inAfrica farmers make up 80 percent of the population. This becomes a social aspect as well because farmingis their everything. That is how they get their food.Since the droughts and other causes of hunger andfamine, people have to begin to migrate. Africas population has been rising as well, thereforemaking it hard for people to migrate. 12. Economic Causes and Effects Drought. It has ruined harvests and left people and livestockwithout food and water. Due to drought in Africa, this has ledto a shocking amount of bad natural resources then leading tolittle to no crops being grown or harvested. The main problem of famine and hunger is not only droughtbut most African countries are not self-sufficient in food andare relying on imports and income to pay for them. The food prices have gone up around 57 percent, more than41 percent of people in Sub-Saharan Africa live on less than$1 per day, and 32 percent are undernourished. No money tobuy food, and bad resources and drought lead to no foodbeing grown. Leaving everyone starving. 13. Are theresolutions? 14. Solution 1Microloans:small sum of money which an individual borrows fromanother individual, group or legal entity with thecondition that it be returned or repaid at a later date(sometimes with interest). supporters are givingmoney to people in Africa to start small businesses tostart making money to pay for food, and to possiblygrow food. . 15. Positives People will be able to start businesses Be able to make money from theirbusinesses With the money you can grow crops 16. Negatives Loans eventually have to be paid back Can only receive a certain amount of money Money may be wasted Through the process, money could potentiallyget lost 17. Solution 2Tree planting:prevents deforestation which is also aproblem in Africa. As well, farmers arestruggling to feed their families whilefarmable land could diminish by up to twothirds the next 20 years. 18. Positives Tree planting can prevent hunger. Many foreigncompanies in Africa are planting trees in areas thatcould have been used for food production. These newly built forests will prevent erosion,desertification, and best, create a better localclimate for poor farmers and help them increasetheir food production. Positive effect on environment as well. 19. Negatives Trees will take a while to grow Only 1 tree is planted for every 28 cut 20. The Best Solution?SOLUTION 2!Tree planting will in future will offer quality wood fromsustainable forestry without depleting natural resources.The harvesting of sustainable natural resources willcreate jobs, income opportunities and economicaldevelopment as local supporting industries are created. 21. WORLD FOOD PROBLEMSFuture prospectiveExpanded cultivation of food cropsAdjustment in prioritiesIncrease production in agricultureImprovement/expansion in irrigation systemPopulation control?World food security 22. "SUSTAINABLE FOOD SYSTEMS FOR FOODSECURITY AND NUTRITION"Food security: To feed an estimated 870 million hungry people on the planet,we need to increase production of basic staple foods by 60 percent.Nutrition: Two billion worldwide lack micronutrients vital for good health.Agriculture must become more nutrition-sensitive, with a stronger focus onfruits, vegetables, and other nutrient-dense foods.Food Systems: Since every aspect of our food systems has an effect on the finalavailability and accessibility of diverse, nutritious foods, we must constantlystrive towards a healthier global food system.Sustainability: By using resources more efficiently at every stage along the foodchain, we can increase the amount of healthy food available worldwide. Gettingthe most food from every drop of water, plot of land, and speck of fertilizer savesresources for the future. 23. India Food Banking Network Food banking is a system thatmoves food from donors to thepeople who need it and engagesall sectors of society in the effort. It is a non-profit flexible distributionmodel that acquires donated/purchased food and makes itavailable to the hungry through thenetwork of institutional feedingprograms. These programs include schoolfeeding programs, charitablehospitals, orphanages, thedestitute, beggars, homeless etc.To know more about Indian Food Banking Network, please visit:http://www.indiafoodbanking.org/ 24. My involvement!Stop Hunger Now!Stop Hunger Now launched its meal packaging program in2005. The meals combine rice, soy, dehydrated vegetablesand a flavoring mix, including 21 essential vitamins andminerals into small meal packets. Each meal costs only 25cents. Has a shelf-life of five years and transports quickly.International. 25. a massacre of the worlds poorHugo Chavez, Venezuelassocialist president:The problem is not theproduction of food it is the economic,social and politicalmodel of the world.The capitalist model isin crisis.