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Chapter 12 Strayer Notes-Pastoral Peoples on the Global Stage: The Mongol Moment, 1200-1500 1. Describe the shared features of most pastoral societies that distinguish them from settled agricultural societies. (522- 523) 2. In what ways were these pastoral societies deeply connected to, and often dependent on, their agricultural neighbors? (524) 3. Why was it difficult for nomadic pastoralists to create a large state? (525) 4. What military advantages did pastoral nomads possess that gave them an advantage when confronting larger civilizations? (525) 5. How did pastoral nomads interact culturally with their neighbors? (525) 6. How did pastoral nomads master environments that were unsuitable for agriculture? (525) 7. Give SPECIFIC examples of ways that the Xiongnu, Arabs, and Turks made an impact on world history. (526-528). 8. Describe the interactions between the Masai of East Africa and their settled neighbors. (529) 9. Describe the “largest land-based empire in all of human history” created by the Mongols. (530) 10. Identify the major steps in the rise of the Mongol Empire. Be sure to include information on Temujin (Chinggis/Genghis Khan) and the expansion of the Mongol Empire. (532-533) 11. Give the tactics, innovations, and policies that made the Mongol armies successful, even when outnumbered in battle. (533-534) 12. In what ways were the Mongols able to mobilize the human and material resources of their growing empire? What policies did they adopt to appeal to various groups of conquered people? (535) 13. How did Mongol rule change China? (536- 537) 14. How were the Mongols changed by China? (537-538) 15. Describe the political structure of the Yuan dynasty. 537) 16. How did social life change during the Yuan dynasty? (538) 17. What caused the Yuan dynasty to finally collapse? (538) 18. In what ways was the Mongol offensive against Persia and Iraq more destructive than the conquest of the Song dynasty in China? (538-539) 19. Give evidence from the reading to show that Mongols in Persia were transformed far more than their counterparts in China. (539) 20. How did the Mongol invasions devastate Russia? (539-540) 21. In what ways did the Mongols exploit Russia? (540-541) 22. How did the absence of direct Mongol rule impact Russia? (541) 23. In what ways did the Mongols facilitate trade and make steps toward a world economy? (542) 24. Why was Western Europe spared the trauma of conquest by the Mongols? (542) 25. How did the Mongols support cultural exchange in their empire? (544) 26. Give examples of ideas and techniques that were exchanged within the Mongol Empire. (544) 27. How did the plague change Europe? (546) 28. In what ways did the plague contribute to the fall of the Mongol Empire? (546) 29. Aren’t you glad that’s over Chapter 12 Strayer Notes-Pastoral Peoples on the Global Stage: The Mongol Moment, 1200-1500 1. Describe the shared features of most pastoral societies that distinguish them from settled agricultural societies. (522- 523) 2. In what ways were these pastoral societies deeply connected to, and often dependent on, their agricultural neighbors? (524) 3. Why was it difficult for nomadic pastoralists to create a large state? (525) 4. What military advantages did pastoral nomads possess that gave them an advantage when confronting larger civilizations? (525) 5. How did pastoral nomads interact culturally with their neighbors? (525) 6. How did pastoral nomads master environments that were unsuitable for agriculture? (525)

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Chapter 12 Strayer Notes-Pastoral Peoples on the Global Stage: The Mongol Moment, 1200-1500

1. Describe the shared features of most pastoral societies that distinguish them from settled agricultural societies. (522-523)

2. In what ways were these pastoral societies deeply connected to, and often dependent on, their agricultural neighbors? (524)

3. Why was it difficult for nomadic pastoralists to create a large state? (525)

4. What military advantages did pastoral nomads possess that gave them an advantage when confronting larger civilizations? (525)

5. How did pastoral nomads interact culturally with their neighbors? (525)

6. How did pastoral nomads master environments that were unsuitable for agriculture? (525)

7. Give SPECIFIC examples of ways that the Xiongnu, Arabs, and Turks made an impact on world history. (526-528).

8. Describe the interactions between the Masai of East Africa and their settled neighbors. (529)

9. Describe the “largest land-based empire in all of human history” created by the Mongols. (530)

10. Identify the major steps in the rise of the Mongol Empire. Be sure to include information on Temujin (Chinggis/Genghis Khan) and the expansion of the Mongol Empire. (532-533)

11. Give the tactics, innovations, and policies that made the Mongol armies successful, even when outnumbered in battle. (533-534)

12. In what ways were the Mongols able to mobilize the human and material resources of their growing empire? What policies did they adopt to appeal to various groups of conquered people? (535)

13. How did Mongol rule change China? (536-537)14. How were the Mongols changed by China? (537-538)15. Describe the political structure of the Yuan dynasty. 537)16. How did social life change during the Yuan dynasty? (538)17. What caused the Yuan dynasty to finally collapse? (538)18. In what ways was the Mongol offensive against Persia and Iraq

more destructive than the conquest of the Song dynasty in China? (538-539)

19. Give evidence from the reading to show that Mongols in Persia were transformed far more than their counterparts in China. (539)

20. How did the Mongol invasions devastate Russia? (539-540)21. In what ways did the Mongols exploit Russia? (540-541)22. How did the absence of direct Mongol rule impact Russia?

(541)23. In what ways did the Mongols facilitate trade and make steps

toward a world economy? (542)24. Why was Western Europe spared the trauma of conquest by

the Mongols? (542)25. How did the Mongols support cultural exchange in their

empire? (544)26. Give examples of ideas and techniques that were exchanged

within the Mongol Empire. (544)27. How did the plague change Europe? (546)28. In what ways did the plague contribute to the fall of the

Mongol Empire? (546)29. Aren’t you glad that’s over

Chapter 12 Strayer Notes-Pastoral Peoples on the Global Stage: The Mongol Moment, 1200-1500

1. Describe the shared features of most pastoral societies that distinguish them from settled agricultural societies. (522-523)

2. In what ways were these pastoral societies deeply connected to, and often dependent on, their agricultural neighbors? (524)

3. Why was it difficult for nomadic pastoralists to create a large state? (525)

4. What military advantages did pastoral nomads possess that gave them an advantage when confronting larger civilizations? (525)

5. How did pastoral nomads interact culturally with their neighbors? (525)

6. How did pastoral nomads master environments that were unsuitable for agriculture? (525)

7. Give SPECIFIC examples of ways that the Xiongnu, Arabs, and Turks made an impact on world history. (526-528).

8. Describe the interactions between the Masai of East Africa and their settled neighbors. (529)

9. Describe the “largest land-based empire in all of human history” created by the Mongols. (530)

10. Identify the major steps in the rise of the Mongol Empire. Be sure to include information on Temujin (Chinggis/Genghis Khan) and the expansion of the Mongol Empire. (532-533)

11. Give the tactics, innovations, and policies that made the Mongol armies successful, even when outnumbered in battle. (533-534)

12. In what ways were the Mongols able to mobilize the human and material resources of their growing empire? What policies did they adopt to appeal to various groups of conquered people? (535)

13. How did Mongol rule change China? (536-537)14. How were the Mongols changed by China? (537-538)15. Describe the political structure of the Yuan dynasty. 537)16. How did social life change during the Yuan dynasty? (538)17. What caused the Yuan dynasty to finally collapse? (538)18. In what ways was the Mongol offensive against Persia and Iraq

more destructive than the conquest of the Song dynasty in China? (538-539)

19. Give evidence from the reading to show that Mongols in Persia were transformed far more than their counterparts in China. (539)

20. How did the Mongol invasions devastate Russia? (539-540)21. In what ways did the Mongols exploit Russia? (540-541)22. How did the absence of direct Mongol rule impact Russia?

(541)23. In what ways did the Mongols facilitate trade and make steps

toward a world economy? (542)24. Why was Western Europe spared the trauma of conquest by

the Mongols? (542)25. How did the Mongols support cultural exchange in their

empire? (544)26. Give examples of ideas and techniques that were exchanged

within the Mongol Empire. (544)27. How did the plague change Europe? (546)28. In what ways did the plague contribute to the fall of the

Mongol Empire? (546)29. Aren’t you glad that’s over