Chap4 calculation

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  • 1. CHAPTER 4: INTERPRETATION OFPRESCRIPTIONS & MEDICATIONORDERSDr. Bridgette Israel

2. CHAPTER 4: OBJECTIVES Demonstrate an understanding of the format andcomponents of a typical prescription. Demonstrate an understanding of the format andcomponents of a typical institutional medicationorder. Interpret correctly standard abbreviations andsymbols used on prescriptions and medicationorders. Differentiate between patient compliance andnoncompliance and apply calculations to determinecompliancy. 3. VOCABULARY Prescription Medication Order Tamper-resistant Prescription Pads e-prescribing e-prescription Military Time Medication Scheduling Patient Compliance Patient Noncompliance 4. SAMPLE PRESCRIPTION 5. SAMPLE MEDICATION ORDER 6. SAMPLE PEDIATRIC PRESCRIPTION 7. SAMPLE PRESCRIPTION FOR A GENERICDRUG 8. SAMPLE PRESCRIPTION REQUIRINGCOMPOUNDING 9. SAMPLE HOSPITAL MEDICATION ORDER 10. SAMPLE NURSING HOME MEDICATION ORDER 11. PRESCRIPTION & MEDICATION ORDER ACCURACY Each medication should be: Therapeutically appropriate for the patient Prescribed at the correct dose Dispensed in the correct strength and dosage form Correctly labeled with complete instructions for thepatient or caregiver The patient in a hospital or other health care facility:each medication must be administered to the correctpatient , at the correct time, and by the correct rate &route of administration 12. REGULAR VS MILITARY TIME 13. PRESCRIPTIONS WRITTEN IN SI UNITS 14. ERRORS & OMISSIONS 15. ERRORS & OMISSIONS 16. ERRORS & OMISSIONS Error: Drug name incorrect Omission: Directions incomplete 17. ROMAN NUMERALS ON PRESCRIPTIONS Designate quantities of medication to be dispensedand/or Medication to be take by patient per dose 18. ROMAN NUMERALS ON PRESCRIPTIONS Designate quantities of medication to be dispensedand/or Medication to be take by patient per dose 19. RULES FOR ROMAN NUMERALS ONPRESCRIPTIONS A letter repeated once or more, repeats its value(ex: xx = 20, xxx = 30) One or more letters placed after a letter of greatervalue increases the value of the greater number(ex: vi = 6, xij = 12, lx = 60) A letter placed before a letter of greater valuedecreases the value of the greater letter(ex:iv =4, xl = 40) 20. ABBREVIATIONS & SYMBOLS 21. ABBREVIATIONS & SYMBOLS 22. PATIENT COMPLIANCE 23. PATIENT COMPLIANCE Example:What is the percent compliance rate if a patient received a 30-day supply of medicine & returned in 45 days for a refill? 24. PATIENT COMPLIANCE Example:What is the percent compliance rate if a patient received a 30-day supply of medicine & returned in 45 days for a refill? 25. PATIENT COMPLIANCE Example:What is the percent compliance rate if a patient received a 30-day supply of medicine & returned in 45 days for a refill?