10 common myths and misconceptions about traumatic brain injury

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1. TEN OF THE MOST COMMON MYTHS AND MISPERCEPTIONS ABOUT TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY FOR PATIENTS TO KNOW Edward K. Le Edward K. Le, PLLC 135 Park Ave N. Renton, Wa 98056 425 336 2255 www.edwardkle.com edward@edwardkle.com EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com copyright2014 2. MYTH #1: A Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Causes Little Impact on Life EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com copyright2014 3. MILD TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY AFFECTS EVERY FACET OF PERSONS LIFE Functionality Ongoing Medical Care Needs Quality of Life Earlier Nursing Home Enrollment Activities of Dailiy Living FACT EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com copyright2014 4. IN A REPORT FROM THE CENTER FOR DISEASE CONTROL TO THE U.S. CONGRESS, MILD TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY CAN HAVE PROFOUND IMPACT AND CAUSE LIFELONG DISABILITY EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com copyright2014 5. EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com copyright2014 6. EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com copyright2014 7. EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com copyright2014 8. EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com copyright2014 9. Of the estimated 1,500,000 people who sustain TBIs each year in the United States: 1.1 million treated & released from an Emergency Dept. 235,000 hospitalized 50,000 die 80,000 experience onset of long- term effects from a TBI 5.3 million Americans living with a disability as a result of a TBI FROM CENTER FOR DISEASE CONTROLEDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com copyright2014 10. Estimated annual costs from TBIs: $56.3 billion EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com copyright2014 11. MYTH #2: There Must Be Impact to Head to Cause Brain Injury EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com copyright2014 12. RAPID MOVEMENT OR ACCELERATION/ DECELERATION CAN DAMAGE BRAIN TISSUEFACT EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com copyright2014 13. RAPID ACCELERATION/ DECELERATION CAN CAUSE BRAIN TISSUE TO DAMAGE THROUGH IMPACT WITH HARD BONY INNER RIDGES OF SKULL FACT THIS IS KNOWN AS A COUP-CONTRECOUP INJURY EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com copyright2014 14. MYTH #3: There Must Be Loss of Consciousness to Sustain A Traumatic Brain Injury EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com copyright2014 15. Profound Brain Damage Can Occur Without Loss of ConscioussnessFACT Case of Phineas Gage [Standard Case Study in Medical School]: Struck By Long Metal Rod into Brain During Explosion. He Never Lost Consciousness & Was Awake and Alert When He Reached a Doctor Hours later 16. Center for Disease Control, World Health Organization, and American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine All Define Brain Injury As Any Alteration in Consciousness FACT EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com copyright2014 17. MYTH #4: A Negative Brain MRI or CT Scan Rules Out a Traumatic Brain Injury 18. In Mild TBI, Most Damage to Brain is Microscopic & Rarely Shows Up on MRI or CT ScanFACT Normal Axons Are Less Than 5 Microns Less Than Size Threshold for Detection by MRI or CT 19. Billions of Axons Can Be Damaged Without Detection By MRI or CT Through ShearingFACT 20. Diffuse Shearing of Billions of Axon Occurs in Traumatic Brain InjuryFACT EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com copyright2014 21. MYTH #6: CHILDREN WITH BRAIN INJURY RECOVER BETTER THAN ADULTS EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com copyright2014 22. According to Center for Disease Control , Children May Require Longer Recovery Time After a TBIFACT EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com copyright2014 23. A Younger Brain Is More Vulnerable to Damage Because As Undeveloped Portions Mature From Previously Damaged Areas, Normal Development Is Hard to Predict. FACT EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com copyright2014 24. MYTH #7: Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Victims Recover Quickly EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com copyright2014 25. MILD BRAIN INJURY CAN HAVE PROFOUND IMPACT OVER A LIFETIMEFACT ACCORDING TO CENTER FOR DISEASE CONTROL, PEOPLE WITH MILD BRAIN INJURY MAY EXPERIENCE ACCELERRATED COGNITIVE AND FUNCTIONAL DECLINE WITH AGE EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com 26. BRAIN INJURY CAUSES PEOPLE TO DEVELOP DEGENERATIVE NEUROLOGICAL DEFICTS AS THEY AGE OVER TIME FACT EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com 27. MYTH #8: Symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injury Will Be Immediately Evident EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com copyright2014 28. MOST PATIENTS ARE NOT SELF-AWARE OF COGNITIVE DEFICTS UNTIL OTHERS TELL THEM FACT EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com copyright2014 29. MOST PATIENTS ARE NOT SELF-AWARE UNTIL ENOUGH TIME PASSES TO WHERE THEY RECOGNIZE A PART OF THEM IS MISSING FACT EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com 30. PATIENTS WITH BRAIN INJURY USUALLY SUFFER OTHER PHYSICAL AND BODILY PAIN THAT DIVERT THEIR AWARENESS OF COGNITIVE PROBLEMS FACT EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com copyright2014 31. MYTH #9: YOU CAN RECOGNIZE A PERSON WITH A TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com copyright2014 32. BRAIN INJURY SYMPTOMS ARE MANIFESTED INTERNALLY AND SYMPTOMS ARE NOT OBVIOUS TO ORDINARY PERSON. FACT EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com copyright2014 33. MOST TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY VICTIMS DISGUISE THEIR INJURY TO OTHERS FOR FEAR OF BEING INTERPRETED INADEQUATE OR CRAZY FACT EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com 34. TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY IS KNOWN AS AN INVISIBLE INJURY AND A SILENT EPIDEMICFACT EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com copyright2014 35. MYTH #10: Any Medical Doctor Can Detect a Person Who Sustained a Traumatic Brain Injury EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com 36. ACCORDING TO THE A.M.A AND NUMEROUS PUBLISHED RESEARCH , MOST DOCTORS ARE NOT PROPERLY TRAIN TO DIAGNOSE A BRAIN INJURY FACT EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com copyright2014 37. BEST PRACTICE FOR MOST PHYSICIANS IS TO REFER PATIENT FOR NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL TESTING WHICH IS MORE EXTENSIVE FACT EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com copyright2014 38. NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL EXAMINATION IS MORE DETAILED THAN A MEDICAL VISIT AND PROVIDES OBJECTIVE EVIDENCE OF SPECIFIC COGNITIVE DEFICITS FACT EDWARD K. LE, PLLC, www.edwardkle.com copyright2014 39. Edward K. Le Edward K. Le, PLLC 135 Park Ave N. Renton, Wa 98056 425 336 2255 www.edwardkle.com edward@edwardkle.com The Seattle Brain Injury Law Firm of Edward K. Le, PLLC and its attorneys has extensive experience in handling claims and representing victims of traumatic brain injury who were injured by auto accidents, truck accidents, construction falls, worksite accidents, medical malpractice, slip or trip falls, stairway falls, maritime or boating injuries, guardrail defects, elevator defects, merchandise falling at stores, and head injury from assaults in bars or nightclubs.