Low Carbon Case Study in Sri Lanka
Presentation made by Sri Lanka Youth Climate Action Network Research Associate Navam Niles at the "Low Carbon Options in South Asia" workshop held in Nepal in August 2014.
<ul><li> 1. LOW CARBON CASE STUDY IN SRI LANKA OPPORTUNITIES FOR MICRO-HYDRO SCHEMES </li> <li> 2. OVERVIEW - BASIC ENERGY STATISTICS IN SRI LANKA Changing energy trends Connectivity Key institutional arrangements Sri Lankan case study detailing micro-hydro energy projects </li> <li> 3. CHANGING ENERGY TRENDS Hydro Energy 3291 GWh Thermal - 8338GWh Non-Conventional Renewable Energy 169 GWh Hydro Energy 27.9% Thermal Oil 58.8% Thermal Coal 12.0% NCRE 1.4% Energy Mix - 2012 </li> <li> 4. CONNECTIVITY SELECTED STATISTICS Current Grid Access - 80% 98% Estimated Grid Access (2016) Off-Grid Access 2% Annual Demand 8-10% </li> <li> 5. CONNECTIVITY SELECTED STATISTICS 350 Villages using micro-hydro schemes 120,000 Households with solar home systems 100 Houses using small wind turbines Villages with dendro power 10 Houses using biogass systems 30 </li> <li> 6. INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS Sri Lanka Sustainable Energy Authority (SLSEA) Sri Lanka Sustainable Energy Fund (SLSEF) Government offered a cost based generation tariff for developers Funding diversification Attracting a portion of Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) Levying a cess on energy sales Charging an energy resource from renewable energy power plants operation under Standardised Power Purchase Agreement (SPPA) on expiration of agreement after 15 years. Channelling a portion of savings from energy efficiency improvement/fuel switching projects. </li> <li> 7. SRI LANKAN CASE STUDY DETAILING MICRO-HYDRO ENERGY PROJECTS Lessons for Asia and beyond Sri Lankas experience could prove useful to countries that are lagging in the electrification development cycle </li> <li> 8. INCEPTION SCENARIO Grid Access - ~40% grid connectivity in the 1980s Low rural electricity access </li> <li> 9. IMPLEMENTATION CHALLENGES Technical Expertise Finance Governance systems </li> <li> 10. INITIAL IMPLEMENTATION OUTCOMES Reach - 260+ off-grid systems in Sri Lanka (50-100 households each) Cost - Low cost-renewable energy (flat rate of LKR 50/month) </li> <li> 11. POST IMPLEMENTATION CHALLENGES Maintenance Corruption </li> <li> 12. LESSONS LEARNED Regulatory Framework Certification Community Development Mechanisms </li> <li> 13. END </li> </ul>