Low Carbon Case Study in Sri Lanka

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Presentation made by Sri Lanka Youth Climate Action Network Research Associate Navam Niles at the "Low Carbon Options in South Asia" workshop held in Nepal in August 2014.


<ul><li> 1. LOW CARBON CASE STUDY IN SRI LANKA OPPORTUNITIES FOR MICRO-HYDRO SCHEMES </li> <li> 2. OVERVIEW - BASIC ENERGY STATISTICS IN SRI LANKA Changing energy trends Connectivity Key institutional arrangements Sri Lankan case study detailing micro-hydro energy projects </li> <li> 3. CHANGING ENERGY TRENDS Hydro Energy 3291 GWh Thermal - 8338GWh Non-Conventional Renewable Energy 169 GWh Hydro Energy 27.9% Thermal Oil 58.8% Thermal Coal 12.0% NCRE 1.4% Energy Mix - 2012 </li> <li> 4. CONNECTIVITY SELECTED STATISTICS Current Grid Access - 80% 98% Estimated Grid Access (2016) Off-Grid Access 2% Annual Demand 8-10% </li> <li> 5. CONNECTIVITY SELECTED STATISTICS 350 Villages using micro-hydro schemes 120,000 Households with solar home systems 100 Houses using small wind turbines Villages with dendro power 10 Houses using biogass systems 30 </li> <li> 6. INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS Sri Lanka Sustainable Energy Authority (SLSEA) Sri Lanka Sustainable Energy Fund (SLSEF) Government offered a cost based generation tariff for developers Funding diversification Attracting a portion of Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) Levying a cess on energy sales Charging an energy resource from renewable energy power plants operation under Standardised Power Purchase Agreement (SPPA) on expiration of agreement after 15 years. Channelling a portion of savings from energy efficiency improvement/fuel switching projects. </li> <li> 7. SRI LANKAN CASE STUDY DETAILING MICRO-HYDRO ENERGY PROJECTS Lessons for Asia and beyond Sri Lankas experience could prove useful to countries that are lagging in the electrification development cycle </li> <li> 8. INCEPTION SCENARIO Grid Access - ~40% grid connectivity in the 1980s Low rural electricity access </li> <li> 9. IMPLEMENTATION CHALLENGES Technical Expertise Finance Governance systems </li> <li> 10. INITIAL IMPLEMENTATION OUTCOMES Reach - 260+ off-grid systems in Sri Lanka (50-100 households each) Cost - Low cost-renewable energy (flat rate of LKR 50/month) </li> <li> 11. POST IMPLEMENTATION CHALLENGES Maintenance Corruption </li> <li> 12. LESSONS LEARNED Regulatory Framework Certification Community Development Mechanisms </li> <li> 13. END </li> </ul>


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