Future of Politics
How will the future of politics and political campaigning look like? Who will be the heroes in the future political battles? Where will the battle take place - on the streets or in the virtual world? What weapons will the future political parties use? In this report, the Institute of Customer Experience raises many of such questions and presents possible scenarios that might become a reality given the present trends.
<ul><li> the future politics of a report by </li> <li> Who will be the heroes? Where will they battle it out? What weapons will they use? the kurukshetra of future politics </li> <li> the future Voters Campaigners Leaders </li> <li> Voters </li> <li> tweeting instead of voting Sir Richard Branson debates the possibility of the Internet revolutionizing the future of polling. He notes that Estonia had a quarter of its votes cast online in 2011 with other countries like the UAE and Australia experimenting with the same. People are no longer reticent to express their prefer- ences for political parties through Tweets and Likes. Social media has become a quantitative indicator of political behavior. The voter of the future might never even enter a polling booth. Is the Internet the future of voting? Will future elections be all about voting and counting the number of Likes and Tweets for a political party? </li> <li> secret ballot a luxury Every citizen and voter can be increasingly monitored through live cameras, social media, drones, etc. Every channel data can then be analyzed to check on changing political inclinations. As our devices get more interconnected and we become more device dependent, the political parties already know whom we will vote for. Sci- author Daniel Abraham believes that as electronic voting gets more sophisticated, the notion of a secret ballot becomes dicult to enforce. According to him, In the future when we eventually have to verify Electronic and Internet-based voting, the secret ballot will be compromised, making secrecy a luxury. Will the secret ballot exist in the future? Will some voters refrain from voting to avoid their preferences from being made public? </li> <li> If there are eyes on every voter, then every voter has eyes on the government. The social media supporter volunteers to tweet, blog or produce live-streaming of speeches. They also keep a check on other political parties. Facebook groups with street-based wings are growing for all kinds of volunteering, activism and passionate debate -- both legitimate and illegitimate. As a movement that is not a part of the mainstream political campaigning it can be described as "para-political". This is now a potent and growing phenomenon. smart (phone) warrior Can the para-political supplant the mainstream? </li> <li> People have been embracing virtual currencies. One of the reasons is to bypass the government regulated currency markets. On the other hand, every political party needs money to power its campaigns. virtual money and government How will the emergence of virtual money impact politics that powers the government? a love-hate relationship? </li> <li> The crowdsourcing revolution has given a new meaning to the individual. Every individual becomes a spoke in the wheel that drives a political party. Crowdsouring has implications on how a party is formed, who are its members, how they function and what they want to do. muscles a.k.a crowds Will crowds become the engines that run political parties of the future? Iceland saw a massive social unrest in 2008 following the banking collapse. The country's political land- scape changed drastically. Many ocials left oce, and there was a general distrust for legislative lead- ers. Therefore, when the country decided to modernize its constitution the ocials went straight to the citizens themselves. As a result, Iceland's new constitution is the rst ever to be composed through crowdsourcing. </li> <li> The development model set by programmers and software developers becomes the development model for politics and governments. As crowds take on the management of political parties, politics eventually becomes open source. open source politics What will be the design implications for open sourced government? In the future, will we stop voting for po- litical parties and leaders and instead vote for ideas and thoughts? </li> <li> Future Scenarios </li> <li> Humans have stopped relying on other humans for important tasks like vigilance, politics, driving, etc. They have employed robots to take care of mission-critical tasks. On the same lines, governments of many countries have abolished Democra- cy and brought in Mach-cracy machine enabled autocracy. scenario 1: In India, The National Iron Flower Party has created robots that have been programmed to aim for equality and justice with continuous development. The robots take all the important decisions in the government and make sure that the decisions are implemented with no errors. The biggest fear is not of corruption due to money, rather it is that of virus attacks. mach-cracy </li> <li> After the Transhuman revolution the entire democratic process has been reworked to suit the needs of the time. A stream of algorithms are put in place to create relative utopias in the form of cities. voting for utopias Voters no longer vote for their leaders but vote for the kind of utopia they would like to live in. After every election the voters are matched with the kind of city that would suit them best and are relocated accordingly. In the recent election, a huge migration was seen to the Immortal city where voters chose to use technology to perpetually extend their life. A dip was observed in the voter migration to the Trancendence atolls where voters chose to die natural deaths but have their minds uploaded after death to serve the Global Synaptic Network to teach future generations scenario 2: </li> <li> Elections no longer occur once in 5 years. They are a continuous process with the crowd playing a key and critical role in self governance. The Electoral Commission Network has now made the political process Gamied. gamified governance The leader boards are constantly changing, forcing the candidates to take charge constantly. When watchdog organizations identify activities that are not progressive, they reect on the leader board. Decision-making is determined by the positions of the candidates on the leader board. Leaders can check in to locations and let their voters know how much they have or intend to equalize that space. Voters who earn inuencer badges have greater power to be able to aect policies. scenario 3: </li> <li> Campaigners </li> <li> The Internet democracy was said to welcome an era of truth. However, campaigners are now equipped with a strong weapon, that of disinformation. Current trends indicate that the Internet audience and social media users actively participate in some form of disinformation with or without their knowledge. As Twitter, Facebook, Google increasingly become reliable sources of information, Internet audiences look no further. These are the easiest target segments for disinformation agents. information trojan horses If disinformation becomes easier, how will voters be able to verify information ? To what extent will campaigners go, to use this as a weapon? Example: Rwandas Twitter-Gate: The Disinformation Campaign of Africas Digital President Cognitive Dissonance in Politics Frantz Fanon, Martinique, Doctor of Psychiatry, assisted victims of torture in the Algerian War (1954-62), author of The Wretched of the Earth with preface by Jean-Paul Sartre. </li> <li> Job Proles for Disinformation Agents: News Jackers: News Jacker is a person who injects ideas or angles into breaking news, in real-time, in order to generate media coverage. The new generation is always on the lookout for interest- ing news stories. These breaking news generated by the News Jackers are the stories that get picked up easily. Knowing about the Breaking news also means getting more social attention and is becoming a matter of self-esteem as well, for citizens. trojan horses: news jackers How do we check the validity of a breaking news item? What checks need to be built in the new media to discourage news jacking? How do we make people more responsible when sharing news? </li> <li> Job Proles for Disinformation Agents: Cyber Magicians : Highly trained professionals who have several main objectives such as injecting all sorts of false material onto the Internet and using social sciences and other techniques to manipulate online discourse and activism to generate outcomes they consider desirable. As people get more disconnected from the real world and get more connected on the virtual world, it is easier for cyber magicians to target peoples behaviors and decisions. trojan horses: cyber magicians Will a Cyber Magician become an important part of every future political partys campaigning team? Will every political campaigner have cyber magic as a necessary skill set? </li> <li> Campaigns will use wearable devices like Google Glass for seamless communication between campaign work- ers. Workers can remotely watch live stream of volun- teers talking to voters, capture footage of opposition campaigns, debate policies and share their points of view immediately. Google Glass wearers may even be able to receive information about a rally nearby, or volunteer opportu- nities. politics through the glass: Who will be watched - the voters or the politicians? What will the Glass show the actual reality or the constructed realities? wearable devices </li> <li> War With Memes and Viral Politics Campaigners have a new emerging tool: humor. Humor allows us to disarm and engage in conversa- tions that we otherwise couldnt do Dan Sinker Whats news in 2014 is what shows up in your Facebook feed and on your Twitter stream. This has opened up a new avenue for communication with its own stylethe future of political campaigning through Internet memes. Memes will not just be silly jokes on the web. They will be the chosen medium to communicate politi- cal discourse. In an age of micro-blogging, social status updating, and GIF posting, tightly woven social code like memes are incredibly ecient at communicating com- plex ideas. Is comedy the next serious weapon for campaigners? war with memes </li> <li> The arrival of Addressable TV will help campaigners target their candidates in greater detail. They will target specic customers, using voting history, credit scores, purchase patterns, demographics, media and subscriptions. Xbox Live was described as the Future of Polling when it launched the Xbox Live hub in 2012, increasing two-way dialogue and creating a massive interactive-TV pilot. Indian Context In India, televisions are a popular giveaways during elections. Many of the popular Indian cable TV channels are allegedly directly under the control of political parties. With the advent of Addressable TV, the powers of persuasion with the mass media are limitless and very potent. How will political parties and lobbyists who own networks take advantage of this tech- nology? addressable TV Media consolidation over the years has led to the current scenario where a couple of big corporations own most of the media industry. Media consolidation over the years has led to the current scenario where a couple of big corporations own most of the media industry. Has the broadcast medium turned into a narrowcast medium? In the US elections, Obamas campaigning team used big data to nd out that TV land was the channel of preference to target the potential voters. So much so that the channel didnt air a single Romney campaign commercial. </li> <li> Future Scenarios </li> <li> Election 2024 - He who has the strongest meme wins. India has become a Tripartisanship: Iron Flower Party, Silver Palm, and the Cotton Caps of India strongestmeme wins Internet penetration has reached 90%. Social media penetration is at 80%. The Internet has brought in a climate of truth; information regarding corruption and misuse of power are made public using the Internet. . However, the public has dicul- ty in identifying the true story. Social media has become a strong weapon; disinformation being the ammunition. The ease of content creation gives rise to several fabricated stories online Conrmation Bias of voters makes them search for content that they believe in. It's almost as though he who has the strongest meme wins. scenario 1: </li> <li> Wearable technology is gaining momentum and hitting the main- stream. Tensions are high because of the level of transparency that they will bring along. facts ordreams Both the voters and the leaders are strapped with Google Glass and Apple Monitors, which will allow them to determine the likelihood of an event or the truth behind it. The elections turn into a fact-based war leaving little room for ction. With the departing of ction from the election scene, campaigners and candidates forget the need to get voters to dream of a future. scenario 2: </li> <li> Amina was part of a UN team that got a chance to travel to a remote place in Middle East. However, when she reached there she found extreme pover- ty. People were dying of diseas- es and hunger. hacked She took some pictures of the place and posted them online. She came back to her base location. When she again opened her account, she found that it was hacked. The photos were showing people in the same place dying of hunger and being helped by the local politicians and their parties. The photos were showing people in the same place dying of hunger and being helped by the local politicians and their parties The messages displayed were in praise of the political system. Top newspapers were running the story, the Cyber Magicians and News Jackers had compro- mised her account. scenario 3: </li> <li> Leaders </li> <li> Self-monitoring by Leaders Life-logging of a leader To put the general public in constant touch with their leaders and for the leaders to show that they really care! Currently...</li></ul>