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M.M.Palitha Mahinda Munasinghe Farm Mechanical Instructor Packaging & Packaging Materials [email protected]

Packaging and materials

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Page 1: Packaging  and materials

M.M.Palitha Mahinda MunasingheFarm Mechanical Instructor

Packaging & Packaging Materials

[email protected]

Page 2: Packaging  and materials

06/04/2008 mmpmm 2

Necessity of Food Packaging

Protect from outside influences and damage Maintains food safety & extend shelf-life Minimizes environmental impact For easy handling & transportation Boost sales in a competitive environment Provide consumers with ingredient & nutritional information

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06/04/2008 mmpmm 3

Packaging types

Primary packaging (Consumer package)

Secondary packaging (Distribution package)

Tertiary packaging (Shipping container )

Page 4: Packaging  and materials

Canning Freezing Foil wrapping Use nanotechnology

(Thinner & biodegradable materials) Paper-based packaging

Packaging Methods

06/04/2008 4mmpmm

Page 5: Packaging  and materials

Tempered LeavesWoodFibers / TextileClay / CeramicsPoly carbonate (PC)-

Plastics / PolymersMetal / Tin Plate: Low-carbon steel Aluminum-FoilGlassPapers / Board

Type of Packaging Materials

06/04/2008 5mmpmm

Page 6: Packaging  and materials

Polyethylene (PE) - HDPE / LDPE Polypropylene - PP

OPP(oriented polypropylene films)

BOPP(bi-axially oriented polypropylene)

Polyvinyl chloride - PVC Polystyrene (PS) - PS / HIPS / EPS Polyethylene Tetrathelate - PET Nylon - PA

06/04/2008 6mmpmm

Type of Packaging Materials

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Mono Layer

Double Laminates

Triple Laminates

Product Formation

06/04/2008 7mmpmm

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06/04/2008 8mmpmm

Condition of Packing Product

Page 9: Packaging  and materials

FOIL/WAX/PAPER SUGER CONFECTIONERYCHOCOLATESICE CREAMTEA

FOIL/ADHESIVE/PAPER TOILET SOAPPIPE TOBACCO

FILM/FOIL/PE CHOCOLATE DEHYDRATED FOODSMEDICINAL POWDERSHAMPOOGAS-PACKED DEHYDRATED FOOD

FOIL/PAPER/TISSUE SUGAR COATED CEREALSSUGAR CONFECTIONERY BISCUITSSCHEWING GUM

06/04/2008 9mmpmm

Use of Packing Product

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EPS (expandable polystyrene) Boxes

06/04/2008 10mmpmm

Use of Packaging Materials

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06/04/2008 mmpmm 11

Frozen Food, fish, Meat And Poultry

EPS (expandable polystyrene) Boxes

Use of Packaging Materials

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06/04/2008 12mmpmm

Milk Powder

Three-layer PET / ALU / PE films bag

Use of Packaging Materials

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06/04/2008 mmpmm 13

Snack Food, Chips

PET / MET PET / POLY PET / MET BOPP PET / MET CPP MATT BOPP / MET PET / POLY

Use of Packaging Materials

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06/04/2008 14mmpmm

Aluminum BOPP/ Poly Pet

Spice Powder

Use of Packaging Materials

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06/04/2008 15mmpmm

LDPE/PVDC/LDPE

Edible Oil

Use of Packaging Materials

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06/04/2008 16mmpmmBread Bags

Kraft paper with BOPP windows

Use of Packaging Materials

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06/04/2008 17mmpmm

PLA,PET,PS,PPHDPEOPP(oriented polypropylene films)

Use of Packaging Materials

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06/04/2008 mmpmm 18Beverage Bottles And Cans

PETClear or white opaque BOPP or PE films are used as labels

Use of Packaging Materials

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06/04/2008 19mmpmm

PS

Fresh Fruit

Use of Packaging Materials

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06/04/2008 20mmpmm

Colors bright red, yellow, green, violet, orange Cell 7x10x4x10mm, HDPE. of 100% . The internal size of 50 x 80 sm. Sweet lime , Pineapple , avocado, Oranges, Coconuts, onion, potato and vegetable

PP Mesh Bags ( Leno Bags)

Use of Packaging Materials

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Types of Paper Packs

Papers Paperboard Corrugated board & Boxes Duplex board Foil lined board

06/04/2008 21mmpmm

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Corrugated board & Boxes

Single Face / 2-PLYSingle Wall / 3-PLYDouble Wall / 5-PLYTriple Wall / 7-PLY

06/04/2008 22mmpmm

2-PLYInner Aluminum Foil

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06/04/2008 mmpmm 23

WOOD

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06/04/2008 24mmpmm

METAL

Tin plate Steel Can

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GLASS

06/04/2008 25mmpmm

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06/04/2008 mmpmm 26

Choosing a packaging material

Protect against UV-light and heat gains Prevents deteriorative chemical and biochemical spoilage reactions

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06/04/2008 mmpmm 27

Clearly identifying or Transparent Easy to open Must protect against insect and rodent infestation Must not contaminate with food or beverage Resist odors until consume

Choosing a packaging material

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06/04/2008 mmpmm 28

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06/04/2008 mmpmm 29

Symbols used on packages and labels

Flammable liquid

Explosives This way upFragile material

Keep away from water

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1PET

2HDPE

3PVC

4LDPE

5PP

6PS

7OTHER

06/04/2008 30mmpmm

Symbols used on Plastic packages

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06/04/2008 mmpmm 31

Must be include Date of production Date of expire Ingredient declaration Name & address of Producer Weight & Price

Standard for Labeling Consumer information about additives and ingredients