India's top 5 challenges: World Environment Day 2015

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  1. 1. Indias top 5 challenges World Environment Day 5 June 2015 Photo: Mohamed Malik
  2. 2. #1: Building Sustainable CitiesPhoto: WRI/James Anderson
  3. 3. 32 percent of Indias population lives in cities. By 2030, this figure will increase to 40%, i.e. 590 million people India has the worst road safety record in the world. We must build sustainable transport systems that consider every travelers concerns including safety for women and accessibility of public spaces for children or the aged. Photo: EMBARQ
  4. 4. The top ten cities in India are estimated to produce 15% of the GDP, with just 8% of the population and 0.1 % of land area. The expansion of urban areas is unstoppable, but it needs to be planned. Optimizing major city infrastructure especially transport and energy will help policy makers make the right investments. Photo: EMBARQ
  5. 5. #2: Solving the energy crisis Photo: WRI/James Anderson
  6. 6. Improved planning and effective enabling conditions can fuel the growth of sustainable, affordable and reliable power for all. 400 million people in India lack access to electricity Photo: WRI/Johannes Friedrich
  7. 7. The new government has promised a 30-fold increase in solar capacity by 2022 New models for buying, planning for and regulating electricity can be found by using renewable energy sources Photo: WRI
  8. 8. #3: Stopping Climate Change Photo: WRI
  9. 9. India is the worlds 3rd largest greenhouse gas emitter. It has low per capita emissions owing to its large population, about 30% of whom have had no part in creating these emissions. Greenhouse gas emissions by cities, public institutions and corporates can be easily measured and reduced. More should do this voluntarily. Photo: WRI/Dave Cooper
  10. 10. #4: Adapting to Climate Change Photo: WRI/Robin Murphy
  11. 11. 60% of Indias agriculture is rain fed. A 20C increase in average global temperatures will result in an unpredictable monsoon. Mapping vulnerability and furthering adaptation initiatives will help enhance the resilience of local communities. Photo: WRI
  12. 12. #5: Forest and Landscape Restoration Photo: WRI
  13. 13. 50% of land in India is degraded, posing threats to food, water security, biodiversity and climate change measures Restoration will generate economic, ecological and social benefits to people and planet. Photo: WRI
  14. 14. 86% of all Indias degraded land is agricultural Large scale restoration will revitalize degraded land into healthy mosaics of sustainable agriculture, agroforestry and forests. Photo:WRI/ Johannes Friedrich