A presentation made to inspire market researchers about gamification. What is gamification & what are some game dynamics (tactics) that we can use? How could we use some on community research and how could we use others on survey research?
Gamification in marketresearch By @eliasveris R&D consultant Insites Consulting
Hes not motivated to reach anything. Has zero real hobbies. He has bad grades at school and had to retake a year. Hes every mothers worst nightmare. Meet my nephew, 18
But he became one of the top 5 players in the Playstation game Warhawk 2 years ago. He battled via the playstation network for days in a row, to get to the top. That is the one experience that immerses him completely. The game is absolute chaos for the unskilled. And so he practices, and learns from others by watching youtube screencasts of that one roll with the airplane, that one moving shot,... The one thing that keeps this guy up at night, is gaming. Absolute Chaos
Everybody plays. Consoles like the Wii have democratized console gaming by making it easy for all ages; brining it from the teenage bedroom to the everyday family life. Everybody plays
Average age: 34 26% over 50 Average age of most frequent game purchaser: 40 In the US, theesa does some great work in showing that gaming is for everyone. Although the average age of the most frequent game purchaser is probably influenced by having kids, the mere fact that a quarter of all gamers are over 50 is quite astonishing. Source: theesa.com
Playing Women: 40% 46% of gamers play with other gamers in person Source: theesa.com
Do you know Zynga?(A company named after a dead bulldog ) 50M+ daily active users Farmville: 13M+ daily active users 30M+ farms (only 2M real farms in US) Surpassed by new hit: Cityville (20M+ active daily users) Zynga makes a lot of money with their games. Some of their designers explicitly state that they design for the 43 year old woman; that is the average socialgamer.
So the game industry is pretty big.Let us not forget however, that many things are games. Boardgames have been around since 3500 BC, with the Egyptian game called Senet.And dont we all have that one relative that always beats you at chess? But why do people play games? STOP! Many things are games And games have been aroundsince3500 BC
Autonomy I do it because I want to do it Mastery I do it to get better at something Purpose I do it because I want to serve a higher purpose
The learning element in games is what keeps the experience going for you, what keeps you focussed Above all, games are learning experiences
Whichexplainswhyprogress wars isntfun
Learning is a function of Challenge and Ability. If these two are balanced out correctly, you are totally immersed in the experience, something that Mihly Cskszentmihlyi called Flow. Anxiety Inherent challenge Flow-zone Boredom Player ability
Flow is not equal for everyone. That is why games have the Novice, Skilled and Expert levels of difficulty. Some players need more challenge than others. (ps: Can you spot the wolfenstein 3d references?) Im death incarnate Anxiety Bring em on! Inherent challenge Can I play daddy? Boredom Player ability
Games have stories, but... theme is a lure to bring gamers into the experience
Game Mechanics So learning is key. The elements in gaming that produce learning (and thus enjoyable gameplay) are called game mechanics. Constructs of Rules and Feedback Loops intended to produce enjoyable Gameplay.
Ive got something boring I want people to do. I want people to flow That is what some people in marketing and market research have been worrying about. And then, they came up with the following concept:
Gamification The process of using game thinking and game mechanics to solve problems and engage users
The people at Volkswagen have used game mechanics to make boring tasks, such as going to the bottle band, a little bit more fun. They called it the Fun Theory. (click image for movie)
The Gamification loop Gabe Zichermann has coined the concept of the gamification loop, on a very tactical level. Give users a challenge, and tell them what they need to do to win. For everything you do (and especially for winning) you get points, that are shown on a leaderboard. Badges are a form of extra virtual reward (think foursquare for instance) that can be granted. The combination of points and badges indicate the users status, and is most powerful when shared over a social network. Point system
Elements of the loop can be used in various contexts. Mint for instance aggregates all your spending from your bank account and gives you insights in your behaviour. On top of that, you can set challenges for yourself (saving x amount of $ this year), and mint will give you points and feedback for every step in the right direction.
Some more tactical issues to keep in mind... Multiple long- and short-term aims A long-term aim is difficult to achieve if there is no short-term gain. Therefore, intermediate goals are important. Reward every effort Every small action people do must be rewarded, so that they keep in mind that they are progressing. Points are a great tool for this. Rapid & frequent feedback The best kind of feedback is immediate feedback. I dont want to wait 2 years to see how you liked my performance, give it to me straight! A tiny bit of uncertainty Remember the variable ratio schedule? Behaviour will be more persistent if the reward strategy is not linear.
To get back to badges: Do they really matter? They are just a couple of pixels on a screen, right? Badges? Seriously? To these guys, they matter.
Badges? Seriously? To these guys, they matter.
Goal-setting device Where to go Instructions What is possible Reputation Who you are Status & Affirmation What you did Group identification Who is like you Badges have various functions, from giving indications to users what it really is you want them to do (in a fun way) to enhancing reputation via shared symbolism. Antin & churchill
And after all, a lot of people care about a simple 500+ badge on linkedin too... Lets call it shared business symbolism? Name available upon request. Or good googling. Name available upon request. Or good googling. Whowouldyouratherbe?
Keep in mind
Not all people are equal There are gender differences (the stereotypical risk-averse, social woman versus the risking, competitive man) and player differences, like Bartles typology describes. Anyhow, not every person enjoys the same rewards. Gamed design must take that into account.
Playing the same game over and over again is boring. Even for good games. Statistics solve this. They call this Metagames. I played worms a lot during college. Not because I enjoyed the game that much, but especially because I played it with my best friend at the time, and we kept a huge scoreboard on our door of who won how many times. The game was ok, the meta-game of beating my friend was THE main driver.
Incentivize well, and people will cheat. Keep in mind that people will try to cheat. Either you give them ways to cheat that fit within your goals, or you keep a very good eye on whats happening. A very good eye. hmmm
Or be too focussed, like in the BMW Eco Challenge BMW challenged people to drive as fuel efficient as possible, in a gamified system. First tests were extremely good, with 0,4l/100 km less fuel used on average. The one thing however that has a huge impact on fuel efficiency is starting and stopping. For traffic lights for instance. When people noticed that, some tried to avoid this at all costs, with traffic violations and collisions as a result. Always keep in mind the possible unintended consequences of your system. Always.
Didnt you ever try to beat the system? I know highly respectable people that try to beat their GPS every time, getting at their destination faster than it indicates. I also know some that take an alternative route, AND try to get there sooner. Just for the fun of it.
Getting somewhere faster than a deadline can be an achievement. If your GPS would then give you a badge for that, thats a reward. Not really what GPS systems are intended for, but you get the picture. Rewards are not achievements! Learning is an achievement. Getting better is. Being rewarded for that is just nice.
Keep trying. Iterate. Measure. Improve. Key in setting up a system with game elements is iterating and measuring. It helps you stay ahead of dramatic unintended consequences, and tailor challenges and reward systems to your users.
I work in market research Can I use this gamification stuff?
Response rates have been dropping for years. (Its notfun) Response quality follows. Speeding. Straightlining. (theydontlearn) Good people drop out because they never get rewarded for their effort. (no feedback)
What are drivers of research participation in general? Intrinsic:
To provide an opinion
Out of curiosity
Find research fun
Chance of winning prizes
This is ourstoryline. Source: InSites Consulting panel study (2005)
What community researchers dream of: A high number of on-top