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Television Broadcasting The company also owns Portland TV, which owns the adult TV channels; Television X, Red Hot TV, and others. Another channel is Channel 4, the owners of this channel are Channel Four Television Corporation, this company also owns other TV corporations such as more 4, film 4, 4seven, e4, 4music and channel 4+1. Television broadcasting started in the United Kingdom in 1936 as public service free of advertising. Now there is a collection of free and subscription services over a variety of distribution media, There are 27,000 hours of domestic content produced a year at a cost of £2.6 billion. There are many channels such as channel 5. The owners of this industry are northern & shell. It plays in 4 advertising region. Northern & shell also owns three entertainment television channels: Channel 5, 5* and 5USA.

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Television Broadcasting

The company also owns Portland TV, which owns the adult TV channels; Television X, Red Hot TV, and others. Another channel is Channel 4, the owners of this channel are Channel Four Television Corporation, this company also owns other TV corporations such as more 4, film 4, 4seven, e4, 4music and channel 4+1.

Television broadcasting started in the United Kingdom in 1936 as public service free of advertising. Now there is a collection of free and subscription services over a variety of distribution media, There are 27,000 hours of domestic content produced a year at a cost of £2.6 billion.

There are many channels such as channel 5. The owners of this industry are northern & shell. It plays in 4 advertising region. Northern & shell also owns three entertainment television channels: Channel 5, 5* and 5USA.

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National Television broadcasting

There are many national television broadcasting channels across the UK and some example of this are:

-BBC: Although the BBC provide channels the US they mainly stream nationally across England Scotland and Wales.

-ITV: this is a national television channel with both shows produced and hired from other companies.

-Some local television broadcasting channels are:

BBC London

BBC Scotland

BBC North East

Local Television Broadcasting

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Public Service Broadcasting

(The BBC)

The BBC is a public service in the UK. This is a company which has a purpose of purely entertaining people rather than its commercials and advertising. The BBC’s headquarters in London.

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How Big is BBC Radio

BBC Radio reaches out to million of people across the united kingdom. BBC radio is one on the most listened to radio companies in the UK. These are some statistics showing the success and the expansion and development of BBC on their radio platform:

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National Television Channels

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Digital TV Channels

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Regional TV Channels

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Internationalpresence

International television is TV broadcasting around the world. There are thousands of channels internationally and this is gradually increasing every year due to the fact that television has become a normal facility in any home.

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BBC License Fee

BBC do not work like any other radio or television broadcaster in the UK. Unlike other companies the BBC earn their finances from a fee that everyone with a digital device at home has to pay. This fee is about £145.50 yearly.

The purpose of the BBC is purely entertainment purposes and not for commercial advertisements. They produce their own shows and broadcast them on various different channels that they own.

The advantages of earning your money from TV license is that it is a fixed amount yearly and they will not loose money. There only way possible of loosing money is if everyone in the UK threw away their televisions and never watched TV. This is an advantage because this means that the BBC will never go bankrupt or struggle with finances because they can easily budget due to the fixed amount of money coming in.

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What is Commercial TV

Commercial TV is TV channels and television broadcasting that is run by advertisements and commercials. Majority of the channels across the world earn their money from advertisements and this all relies on the amount of viewers that the channel gain and loose. The more viewers a channel has the bigger companies will want to advertise on your channel which equals to more money.

Some Commercial Television Channels

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Effects of relying on advertising revenue

An effect for relying on advertising revenue for TV broadcasting is that the company that owns the channel need to rely on the number of viewers they have. This is because companies such as ITV, channel 4 and channel 5 earn all their finances from all the advertisements.

They rely on the revenue to fund for their channel. The better the show that they can produce they will attract larger companies hence they can afford better shows and gain more viewers.

Smaller companies cannot advertise on national channels such as ITV because the price range to advertise on a channel such as ITV is very high. On the other hand it is very much possible that small companies can have a chance to advertise on ITV because it may be less costly when children are at school and when adults are working.

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Do these owners companies have a presence on other media platforms

BBC: BBC are on other media platforms such as radio e.g. BBC radio 1,2,3,4,5 and 5live.

ITV: they are on different platforms such as the web. They have ITV player and their own website with information for people to see.

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Channel 4 Television Company Limited and IBA

Channel Four TV corporation is a large media company that is publically owned. This company is headquartered in London, United Kingdom. Its original and principal activity is the British national television network Channel 4. The company was founded in 1982 as Channel Four Television Company Limited, a completely owned subsidiary of the IBA, and became an independent legal corporation in 1993. They own Big companies such as channel 4. The IBA appointed and regulated a number of regional programme TV contractors.

Channel 4 financially depend on advertisements to run there channels or too keep the company going. This is how most television programs earn there money. They use this money for production and to buy shows to display on their channel but channel 4 are mainly making their own productions although they do buy a few shows from American companies.