drone technology

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<ol><li> 1. Presented by: Nagaling G Bittale 2KD11EC406 Under the guidance of Mr: Darshankumar Billur Assistant Professor Department of Electronics &amp; Communication KLECET, Chikodi </li><li> 2. Introduction Classification of UAVs Unmanned aircraft system elements Case study of Predator C : Avenger Advantages and Dis-advantages of UAVs Applications of UAVs Conclusion References CONTENTS PAGE NO 1Dept. of ECE,KLECET </li><li> 3. INTRODUCTION An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), commonly known as a drone is an aircraft without a human pilot on board. Its flight is either controlled autonomously by computers in the vehicle, or under the remote control of a pilot on the ground or in another vehicle. There are a wide variety of drone shapes, sizes, configurations, and characteristics. Historically, UAVs were simple remotely piloted aircraft , but autonomous control is increasingly being employed. PAGE NO 2Dept. of ECE,KLECET </li><li> 4. HISTORY August 22, 1849, when the Austrians attacked the Italian city of Venice with unmanned balloons loaded with explosives. The balloons were launched from the Austrian ship Vulcano. THE AUSTRIAN BALL0ONS PAGE NO 3Dept. of ECE,KLECET </li><li> 5. The first pilotless aircraft were built during and shortly after World War I. Leading the way, using A. M. Low's radio control techniques, was the "Aerial Target" of 1916 Hewitt-Sperry Automatic Airplane, otherwise known as the "flying bomb" made its first flight, demonstrating the concept of an unmanned aircraft. World War II : Reginald Denny and the Radioplane World War I : worlds first uav 1916 The first large-scale production, purpose-built drone was the product of Reginald Denny. Demonstrated a prototype target drone, the RP-1, to the US Army. Denny then bought a design from Walter Righter in 1938 and began marketing it as the "Dennymite", and demonstrated it to the Army as the RP-2, and after modifications as the RP-3 and RP-4 in 1939. They manufactured nearly fifteen thousand drones for the army during World War II. PAGE NO 4 Dept. of ECE,KLECET </li><li> 6. CLASSIFICATION OF UAVS PAGE NO 5Dept. of ECE,KLECET </li><li> 7. Fixed win g U A VS R ota ry win g U A VS A irship U A V S Flapping wing UAVS 1.Based on platform PAGE NO 6Dept. of ECE,KLECET </li><li> 8. Hybrid uav PAGE NO 7Dept. of ECE,KLECET </li><li> 9. 2.Based on size &amp; endurance Hale UAVS Male UAVS 70,000 ft altitude, 35 h flight time, and 1,900 lb payload High Altitude Long Endurance (HALE) UAVs Medium Altitude Long Endurance (MALE) UAVs 50,000 ft altitude, 25/30 h flight time, and 450 lb payload PAGE NO 8 Dept. of ECE,KLECET </li><li> 10. Tactical UAVS Tactical UAVs such as the Hunter, Shadow 200 30,000 ft altitude, 56 h flight time, and 25 kg payload. PAGE NO 9Dept. of ECE,KLECET </li><li> 11. 70K 60K Global Hawk U-2 Heron 1 Predator A 50K 40K 30K 20K 10K Altitude 10 20 30 Endurance (hours) Eagle Eye, Fire scout, Hunter, Pioneer HALE Medium Tactical Heron 2 Predator B PAGE NO 10 3.Based on Altitude Dept. of ECE,KLECET </li><li> 12. Uav system elements PAGE NO 1 1Dept. of ECE,KLECET </li><li> 13. An Unmanned Aircraft or Aerial System can be divided into three distinct elements: 1.THE VEHICLE OR PLATFORM 1.1 THE AIRFRAME PAGE NO 12 The airframe of an aircraft is its mechanical structure. It is typically considered to include fuselage, wings and undercarriage and exclude the propulsion. Airframe design is a field of aerospace engineering that combines aerodynamics, materials technology and manufacturing methods to achieve balances of performance, reliability and cost. Dept. of ECE,KLECET </li><li> 14. 1.2 THE PROPULSION SYSTEM Turbojet Engine PAGE NO 13 Dept. of ECE,KLECET </li><li> 15. 1.3 SENSE &amp; AVOID SYSTEM GYROSCOPE ACCELEROMETER A Gyroscope is a device for measuring or maintaining orientation, based on the principles of angular momentum. Mechanically, a gyroscope is a spinning wheel or disk in which the axle is free to assume any orientation An Accelerometer is a device that measures acceleration. Accelerometers are sensors that can measure the acceleration of the body in a specific direction PAGE NO 14Dept. of ECE,KLECET </li><li> 16. 2 .The Payload 2.1 ELECTRO-OPTICAL SENSING SYSTEMS AND INFRARED SYSTEMS PAGE NO 15 To provide ground forces critical, time-sensitive information about the people hiding around the corner or entering a town by vehicle. Strapped to manned aircraft or aerial drones, these multispectral sensors operate in multiple modes usually with both day (electro-optical camera) and night (infrared camera) capability. Dept. of ECE,KLECET </li><li> 17. 2.1 Synthetic aperture radar PAGE NO 16Dept. of ECE,KLECET </li><li> 18. 2.2 Munitions Fielding larger Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) ,such as MQ-9 reaper, capable of carrying much heavier payloads such as laser guided gravity dropped bombs and SDB bombs. The main benefit of such weapons is their relative low cost, ability to deploy from high altitude and absence of visual launch signature. PAGE NO 17 Dept. of ECE,KLECET </li><li> 19. 3.GCS Control System of UAV PAGE NO 18Dept. of ECE,KLECET </li><li> 20. CASE STUDY OF PREDATOR C: AVENGER PAGE NO 19 Its first flight occurred on 4 April 2011. Unlike the previous MQ-1 Predator and MQ-9 Reaper (Predator B) drones. The Avenger is powered by a turbofan engine, and its design includes stealth Features such as internal weapons storage, and an S-shaped exhaust for reduced heat and radar signature. Dept. of ECE,KLECET </li><li> 21. 2.Performance Maximum speed: 460 mph (740 km/h; 400 kn) Cruise speed: 402 mph (349 kn; 647 km/h) Endurance: 18 hours 3.Armament Internal weapons bay with 3,500 pounds (1,600 kg) capacity. 6 external hard points. 6,500 pounds (2,900 kg) payload total. PAGE NO 20 1. General characteristics Length: 44 ft (13 m) Wingspan: 66 ft (20 m) Weight: 18,200 lb (8,255 kg) Fuel capacity: 7,900 pounds (3,600 kg) SPECIFICATIONS Dept. of ECE,KLECET </li><li> 22. Advantages of uav Doesnt require a qualified pilot. Can enter any environments. Reduces exposure risk of the aircraft operator. Can stay in the air for up to 30 hours. Can be programmed to complete the mission autonomously. PAGE NO 21Dept. of ECE,KLECET </li><li> 23. DIS-Advantages of uav Costly compared to manned vehicles. Limited Abilities. More hardware complexity. PAGE NO 22Dept. of ECE,KLECET </li><li> 24. Applications of uav Remote Sensing Aerial Surveillance Transport Search&amp;Rescue Armed Attacks PAGE NO 23 </li><li> 25. CONCLUSION With more research and technological advances, it is possible that the UAV may well replace manned combat aircraft in the future. The advantages of UAV against manned aircraft are numerous. First is the risk of being shot down. PAGE NO 24Dept. of ECE,KLECET </li><li> 26. REFERENCES Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) Http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unmanned_aerial_vehicle History of unmanned aerial vehicles Http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles Autonomous Flying Robots http://books.google.co.in/books?isbn=4431538569 US Navy UAVs in Action http://www.theuav.com/ General Atomics Predator C Avenger http://General_Atomics_Avenger PAGE NO 25Dept. of ECE,KLECET </li><li> 27. THANK YOU queries.. </li></ol>


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