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  • 1.Cisco Press 201 W 103rd Street Indianapolis, IN 46290 Cisco CCNA Exam #640-507 Certication Guide Wendell Odom, CCIE #1624 Page i Monday, March 20, 2000 4:55 PM

2. ii Cisco CCNA Exam #640-507 Certication Guide Wendell Odom Copyright 2000 Lacidar Unlimited, Inc. Cisco Press logo is a trademark of Cisco Systems, Inc. Published by: Cisco Press 201 West 103rd Street Indianapolis, IN 46290 USA All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without written permission from the publisher, except for the inclusion of brief quotations in a review. Printed in the United States of America 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Number: 99-67898 ISBN: 0-7357-0971-8 Warning and Disclaimer This book is designed to provide information about the Cisco CCNA #640-507 exam. Every effort has been made to make this book as complete and as accurate as possible, but no warranty or tness is implied. The information is provided on an as is basis. The author, Cisco Press, and Cisco Systems, Inc., shall have neither liability nor responsibility to any person or entity with respect to any loss or damages arising from the information contained in this book or from the use of the discs or programs that may accompany it. The opinions expressed in this book belong to the author and are not necessarily those of Cisco Systems, Inc. Trademark Acknowledgments All terms mentioned in this book that are known to be trademarks or service marks have been appropriately capitalized. Cisco Press or Cisco Systems, Inc., cannot attest to the accuracy of this information. Use of a term in this book should not be regarded as affecting the validity of any trademark or service mark. Feedback Information At Cisco Press, our goal is to create in-depth technical books of the highest quality and value. Each book is crafted with care and precision, undergoing rigorous development that involves the unique expertise of members from the professional technical community. Readersfeedback is a natural continuation of this process. If you have any comments regarding how we could improve the quality of this book, or otherwise alter it to better suit your needs, you can contact us through e-mail at [email protected] Please make sure to include the book title and ISBN in your message. We greatly appreciate your assistance. Page ii Monday, March 20, 2000 4:55 PM 3. iii Publisher John Wait Executive Editor John Kane Cisco Systems Program Manager Jim LeValley Managing Editor Patrick Kanouse Development Editor Christopher Cleveland Senior Editor Jennifer Chisholm Copy Editor Krista Hansing Technical Editors David Barnes Tinjin Chang Steve Kalman Frank Knox Barbara Nolley Team Coordinator Amy Lewis Book Designer Gina Rexrode Cover Designer Louisa Klucznik Production Team Argosy Indexer Christopher Cleveland Copyright 2000 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA. Access Registrar, AccessPath, Any to Any, AtmDirector, CCDA, CCDE, CCDP, CCIE, CCNA, CCNP, CCSI, CD-PAC, the Cisco logo, Cisco Certied Internetwork Expert logo, CiscoLink, the Cisco Management Connection logo, the Cisco NetWorks logo, the Cisco Powered Network logo, Cisco Systems Capital, the Cisco Systems Capital logo, Cisco Systems Networking Academy, the Cisco Systems Networking Academy logo, the Cisco Technologies logo, ConnectWay, ControlStream, Fast Step, FireRunner, GigaStack, IGX, Internet Quotient, Kernel Proxy, MGX, Natural Network Viewer, NetSonar, Network Registrar, Packet, PIX, Point and Click Internetworking, Policy Builder, Precept, RouteStream, Secure Script, ServiceWay, SlideCast, SMARTnet, StreamView, The Cell, TrafcDirector, TransPath, ViewRunner, VirtualStream, VisionWay, VlanDirector, Workgroup Director, and Workgroup Stack are trademarks; Changing the Way We Work, Live, Play, and Learn, Empowering the Internet Generation, The Internet Economy, and The New Internet Economy are service marks; and ASIST, BPX, Catalyst, Cisco, Cisco IOS, the Cisco IOS logo, Cisco Systems, the Cisco Systems logo, the Cisco Systems Cisco Press logo, Enterprise/Solver, EtherChannel, EtherSwitch, FastHub, FastLink, FastPAD, FastSwitch, GeoTel, IOS, IP/TV, IPX, LightStream, LightSwitch, MICA, NetRanger, Registrar, StrataView Plus, Stratm, TeleRouter, and VCO are registered trademarks of Cisco Systems, Inc. and/or its afliates in the U.S. and certain other countries. All other trademarks mentioned in this document are the property of their respective owners. The use of the word partner does not imply a partnership relationship between Cisco and any of its resellers. (9908R) Cisco Systems has more than 200 ofces in the following countries. Addresses, phone numbers, and fax numbers are listed on the Cisco Connection Online Web site at Argentina Australia Austria Belgium Brazil Canada Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Dubai, UAE Finland France Germany Greece Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Malaysia Mexico The Netherlands New Zealand Norway Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore Slovakia Slovenia South Africa Spain Sweden Switzerland Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom United States Venezuela Corporate Headquarters Cisco Systems, Inc. 170 West Tasman Drive San Jose, CA 95134-1706 USA Tel: 408 526-4000 800 553-NETS (6387) Fax: 408 526-4100 European Headquarters Cisco Systems Europe s.a.r.l. Parc Evolic, Batiment L1/L2 16 Avenue du Quebec Villebon, BP 706 91961 Courtaboeuf Cedex France Tel: 33 1 69 18 61 00 Fax: 33 1 69 28 83 26 American Headquarters Cisco Systems, Inc. 170 West Tasman Drive San Jose, CA 95134-1706 USA Tel: 408 526-7660 Fax: 408 527-0883 Asia Headquarters Nihon Cisco Systems K.K. Fuji Building, 9th Floor 3-2-3 Marunouchi Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100 Japan Tel: 81 3 5219 6250 Fax: 81 3 5219 6001 Page iii Monday, March 20, 2000 4:55 PM 4. iv About the Author Wendell Odom has worked with networking technology for 15 years. He is currently a Cisco Systems Senior Systems Engineer in the Atlanta, Georgia ofce, assigned to several large Cisco customers. Prior to joining Cisco in 1999, Wendell provided consulting services on large networks as well as training services. He spent his rst eight years in networking working for IBM, helping customers evolve their SNA networks into multiprotocol networks. Wendell is CCIE #1624, is a Certied Cisco Systems Instructor, is Cisco CIP- certied, and is a CCNA-WAN. He has taught various Cisco-certied courses, including Introduction to Cisco Router Conguration (ICRC), Advanced Cisco Router Conguration (ACRC), Cisco SNA for Multi- protocol Administrators (SNAM), Cisco Channel Interface Processor (CIP), MPLS over Cisco WAN Switches, and Cisco ATM (CATM). Wendell is one of the rst Cisco instructors certied without a proba- tionary testing period and is the rst non-Cisco instructor in the United States to teach Ciscos SNAM, CIP, and DLSw courses. About the Technical Reviewers David Barnes is a Network Consulting Engineer for Cisco Systems in Dallas, Texas. He is a Cisco Certied Design Professional, MCSE+Internet, and Master CNE. David specializes in large-scale network design and optimization. He has designed, implemented, and managed networks for numerous Fortune 500 companies over the past 10 years. Tinjin Chang, CCIE #5137 and CCSI, is an instructor and consultant for Chesapeake Network Solutions, Inc. Tinjin has more than seven years of experience in planning, deploying, and troubleshooting complex and large-scale IP and multiprotocol networks. Prior to joining Chesapeake, he was the lead network engi- neer at Discover Brokerage, where his design and troubleshooting skills minimized downtime and guaran- teed network availability. Discover Brokerage was named the Best Online Broker by Barrons magazine for the two years that he worked there. Steve Kalman is a data communications trainer. He is the author or tech editor of 12 CBT titles and has been the author, tech editor, or trainer for eight instructor-led courses. Steve also is beginning a new dis- tance-learning project as both author and presenter. In addition to those responsibilities, he runs a consulting company, Esquire Micro Consultants, that specializes in data network design. Frank Knox, CCIE #3698, is a consultant and instructor currently involved in design, implementation, and customer training for mixed SNA-IP networks. He is considered to be an expert in the area of mainframe attached routers. Frank has more than 33 years of networking experience with IBM, GTE, and Skyline Com- puter Corp.; during that time, he has worked in eld service and support, product planning, education, and management. In addition, he has developed and taught several courses for the University of Dallas (Telecom- munications MBA program). Frank has a masters degree in telecommunications from Pace University. Barb Nolley is the president and principal consultant for BJ Consulting, Inc., a small consulting rm that specializes in networking education. Since starting BJ Consulting, Barb has developed and taught training courses for Novells Master CNE certication, as well as several courses for Cisco Systems Engineering Education group. Barb stays current on networking technologies by constantly reading published books and perusing more than 50 industry publications each month. Prior to starting her own company in 1993, Barb worked for Apple Computer, Tandem Computer, and Tymnet (now part of MCI), where she held positions in everything from technical support to project management. Page iv Monday, March

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