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The role of schools and libraries in the information society Varga, Katalin, PhD University of Pécs, Institute of Library and Information Science, Pécs, Hungary [email protected] Well being in the information society TÁMOP-4.2.2.C-11/1/KONV-2012-0005

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The role of schools and libraries in the information societyVarga, Katalin, PhDUniversity of Pcs, Institute of Library and Information Science, Pcs, Hungary [email protected]

Well being in the information societyTMOP-4.2.2.C-11/1/KONV-2012-0005Cultivation of a media- and information-literate population is essential for the sustainable development of any society.

2MIL is defined as a set of competencies that empowers citizens to access, retrieve, understand, evaluate and use, to create as well as share information and media content in all formats, using various tools, in a critical, ethical and effective way, in order to participate and engage in personal, professional and societal activities.

Depending on the country, key stakeholders are likely to be found among the following Ministries responsible for information, communication, education, ICT and Internet, employment and culture;Universities, information and communication faculties or departments, national departments of statistics;Library associations;Information management institutions;Museums and archives;Educational institutions, including those training information and media professionals;Private sector representatives including those from IT, e-commerce, and the information and media sector;Information professionals and civil society.

Definition of information need: question formulation in natural language and with controlled vocabulary, defining keywords, defining descriptors or subject headings, using a thesaurus.Definition of relevant information resources: printed resources, parts of a book, search engines, thematic websites, library catalogues, electronic, digital and virtual libraries, reference databases.Localisation of information: search strategies, filtering options, Boole operators etc.Finding relevant information: finding relevant information in different resources, selecting relevant information, finding the fastest way to the information, eliminating duplicates.Investigation of information from different aspects: selection, evaluation, analysis, organisation, storing, highlighting the most important elements. Processing information: reflection, synthetisation, making bibliographies, citing.Management of information: creating new information, applying new knowledge, presentation of new knowledge, managing information, saving information.

The model of information literacy

Requirements and competencies of information literacyRequirementCompetenciesRecognition of the information needSelf-evaluationProblem solving competenciesIntelligenceCuriosityKnowing the world of informationConcept of informationInformation formatsMeasuring quality and quantity of informationKnowing the significance of informationKnowing the nature of information resourcesBasic literacyMedia literacyLibrary literacyInternet literacyWeb 2.0 literacyInformation searching competenciesText comprehensionReading abilitySearching among library materialsDigital literacySearching in databasesSearching on the internetUsing Boole operators and information retrieval toolsHandling the data structuresSearch strategies and tacticsEvaluating search resultsRequirements and competencies of information literacyEvaluation and selection of informationRecognising quality informationConcept of credibilityConcept of reliabilityConcept of objectivityCritical thinkingArguing and discussion skillsMake use of informationApplication of research methodsCreativityInnovativityEthical issuesCiting rulesPlagiarismCopyrightCreating new informationText compositionPresentation skillsArtistic, creative skillsCategories important for creating an enabling MIL environment at national levelMedia and information in educationThe existence of a mandatory MIL course in the official curriculum (by the International Standard Classification of Education, ISCED level), particularly in secondary school and in the teacher training curriculum;The existence of training programs to specialize teachers for teaching MIL;Specific programs specialized in MIL studies (by ISCED level).Media and information literacy policyMedia and information supplyMedia and information access and useCivil societyInformation literacy in practice In Hungary 11 higher education institutions are offering BA and MA programs in library and information science. LIS schools in Hungary work with the same core curriculum, which is supplemented by different specializations. Hungarian LIS students are well trained in digital literacy and can attend high quality courses on reference work.

Specialization in information literacy pedagogy (Pcs)This program emphasizes the importance of a critical approach towards information and information resources, and teaches strategies of information retrieval, legal and ethical questions of the use of information. The courses aim is to develop students consciousness of information literacy, and to prepare them for teaching the competencies of information literacy in schools and libraries. Many of these students choose a topic for their theses from the field of information literacy.Information literacy skills of students in HungaryThe survey was taken in 2014, the number of answers is more than 2500.We got answers from almost all universities and colleges in Hungary, and also from people who are already working.A quite clear picture about information seeking behaviour and information literacy of students.Where do you search information for everyday life?Where do you search information for your studiesWhat do you use the Internet for?How do they search?What is difficult in research?

The frequency of consulting different resources Major findingsExcept for thesis writing, Hungarian students rarely are required to fulfil tasks that would be called research, either qualitative or quantitative. There are no difficulties for them in defining a topic and getting started on an assignment. They have no bigger difficulties in defining a search question and strategy. About 20% of the students said they have problems with identifying relevant hits. It is also hard for them to convert the collected material into new information. Major findingsFor information seeking the majority of the students uses internet search engines, mainly Google. Hungarian students rarely consult government sites, and unfortunately they do not like to use research databases in order to solve study assignments. In the selection process freshness and reliability are major issues.One of the most important aspects is that the resource should be in Hungarian. Thank you for your attention!Varga, Katalin, PhDUniversity of Pcs, Institute of Library and Information Science, Pcs, Hungary [email protected]

Diagram12913213239483835372947

Munka1Course readingsSearch enginesLibrary cataloguesEncyclopediasGovernmental Web sitesResearch databasesGray literatureBlogsWikipediaFacebookYou TubeSlideshareOnline forumsYour personal collectionLibrary shelves641005858631711331711384267Evaluating the sourcesReading through the materialTaking notesIntegrating different sourceswritingRe-phrasingKnowing when I should cite a sourceKnowing how to citeplagiarism or notDeciding whether "I'm done" or notKnowing whether I've done a good job2913213239483835372947

Munka1000000000000000

Course readingsSearch enginesLibrary cataloguesEncyclopediasGovernmental Web sitesResearch databasesGray literatureBlogsWikipediaFacebookYou TubeSlideshareOnline forumsYour personal collectionLibrary shelves

Munka200000000000

What is difficult in research?

Munka300000000000

00000000000

Mi okoz nehzsget a kutatmunkban?

Diagram3641005858631711331711384267

Course readingsSearch enginesLibrary cataloguesEncyclopediasGovernmental Web sitesResearch databasesGray literatureBlogsWikipediaFacebookYou TubeSlideshareOnline forumsYour personal collectionLibrary shelves

Munka1Course readingsSearch enginesLibrary cataloguesEncyclopediasGovernmental Web sitesResearch databasesGray literatureBlogsWikipediaFacebookYou TubeSlideshareOnline forumsYour personal collectionLibrary shelves641005858631711331711384267Evaluating the sourcesReading through the materialTaking notesIntegrating different sourceswritingRe-phrasingKnowing when I should cite a sourceKnowing how to citeplagiarism or notDeciding whether "I'm done" or notKnowing whether I've done a good job2913213239483835372947

Munka1How often do you consult these resources for providing information during your course-related assignments?How often do you consult these resources for providing information during your course-related assignments?How often do you consult these resources for providing information during your course-related assignments?How often do you consult these resources for providing information during your course-related assignments?How often do you consult these resources for providing information during your course-related assignments?How often do you consult these resources for providing information during your course-related assignments?How often do you consult these resources for providing information during your course-related assignments?How often do you consult these resources for providing information during your course-related assignments?How often do you consult these resources for providing information during your course-related assignments?How often do you consult these resources for providing information during your course-related assignments?How often do you consult these resources for providing information during your course-related assignments?How often do you consult these resources for providing information during your course-related assignments?How often do you consult these resources for providing information during your course-related assignments?How often do you consult these resources for providing information during your course-related assignments?How often do you consult these resources for providing information during your course-related assignments?

Course readingsSearch enginesLibrary cataloguesEncyclopediasGovernmental Web sitesResearch databasesGray literatureBlogsWikipediaFacebookYou TubeSlideshareOnline forumsYour personal collectionLibrary shelves

Munka2

What is difficult in research?

Munka3

Mi okoz nehzsget a kutatmunkban?