Using Mobile Technology in Information Literacy Skills Training to Enhance Students’ Learning Experience

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<ul><li><p>Using Mobile Technology in Information Literacy Skills Training to Enhance Students Learning ExperienceMr. Tony Tin Dr. Alice Schmidt Hanbidge Dr. Nicole SandersonMs. Nicole Lee </p><p>The Asian Conference on Technology in the Classroom </p><p>The Asian Conference on Language Learning</p><p>Kobe, JapanMay 1, 2015</p></li><li><p>Public Research University</p><p>Located in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada (Home of BlackBerry, Open Text, and D2L)</p><p>Over 36,000 students in undergraduate and graduate programs with 2,000 faculty</p><p>Canadas most innovative university for 23 years; operating the world's largest cooperative education program with19,000 co-op students</p><p>Special 2 plus 2 program for international students</p><p>Renison is a federated college within University of Waterloo, specializing in ELI, Applied Language Studies, Social Development Studies, Social Work, EAS, Studies in Islam and Religious Studies</p><p>University of Waterloo</p><p> http://www.uwaterloo.ca .</p></li><li><p>From Mobile ESL to MILM-library: CLA Library Research and Development Award 2007</p><p>Mobile ESL training: CNIE Excellence &amp; Innovation in Use of Learning Technology Award 2008</p><p>http://eslau.ca</p><p>CBC Coverage</p></li><li><p>Mobile ICTESL 2011Contains grammar, vocabulary and readings to assist computer industry worker with learning ESL in an Information and Communications Technology environment</p><p>Funded and supported by UNESCO</p><p>Special features:</p><p>Drag and Drop for instant response</p><p>Html 5, 3D object rotation</p><p>.https://ictesl.athabascau.ca/</p><p>The International E-learning Association Awards in Mobile Learning 2011</p></li><li><p>Mobile Information Literacy Project 2015Improve students information literacy skills</p><p>Use mobile devices to deliver info literacy training</p><p>Allow practice with feedback using a variety of testing methods</p><p>http://beam.to/renmil</p></li><li><p>Information Literacy: recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and effectively use the needed information</p><p>Mobile Information Literacy: incorporates technology into the learning processAmerican Library Association. Presidential Committee on Information Literacy. Final Report.(Chicago: American Library Association, 1989.)Mobile Information Literacy (MIL)</p></li><li><p>Learners:</p><p>already have mobile devicesaccess lessons and exercises from remote locations, anywhere &amp; practice anytimemake use of the multimedia &amp; interactive featuresIs learner-centered and requires no teacher presence</p><p>Faculty &amp; Librarians:</p><p>reach more studentsfree up time to teach more complex topics</p><p>Why use a mobile device to facilitate MIL training</p></li><li><p>13 Lessons focusing on how to locate, evaluate and use information</p><p>Content specific to use of UW library resources</p><p>Over 12 videos currently</p><p>Expand beyond video with activities</p><p>MIL Contents</p></li><li><p>TechnologiesOpen sources: WordPress with WP-Pro Quiz PluginRun a data-base and generate dynamic content</p><p>User ViewAdmin View</p></li><li><p>Google Analytics</p></li><li><p>Interactive ExercisesTrue/FalseDrag and DropText inputMultiple Choice</p></li><li><p>Instant ResponseSummative EvaluationFormative Evaluation</p></li><li><p>Search Tips from Students</p></li><li><p>In actionVideo</p></li><li><p>Pilot ProjectStudent participants from 5 Social Development Studies and Social Work classes (n=110)Most were female (90.7%), between the age of 18 and 25 years old86.9% did not attend any type of literacy skills training98% have smartphones with 58% using Apple iPhone or other mobile devices on a daily basisOnly 28% used a mobile device to search for information despite daily usage. Texting (85%) is their main use of mobile devices</p></li><li><p>Mixed method (quantitative and qualitative) One group pretest/post-test designOnline Survey (Survey Monkey) Student questionnaires</p><p>Research Project</p></li><li><p>Preliminary Results . . .</p></li><li><p>Pre-test to Post-test Preliminary Score</p><p>Chart1</p><p>42.3</p><p>57.7</p><p>Pre-Post MIL Survey</p><p>Maintain or Increase Test Score58%</p><p>Sheet1</p><p>Pre-Post MIL Survey</p><p>Lower42.3</p><p>Maintain &amp; Increase Test Score57.7</p><p>To resize chart data range, drag lower right corner of range.</p></li><li><p>Student Preference for Question Type</p></li><li><p>Literacy lessons students find most helpful</p><p>LessonsResponse PercentLocate: Lesson 1: An Introduction to Primo Central29.9%Locate:Lesson 2: The Basics: How to Search34.3% (5)Locate:Lesson 3: Finding Articles35.8% (4)Locate:Lesson 4: Finding Peer Reviewed Journals44.8% (2)Evaluate: Lesson 5: Evaluating Information Sources23.9%Evaluate: Lesson 6: Peer Review Process14.9%Evaluate: Lesson 7: Popular Vs. Scholarly Resources17.9%Use: Lesson 8: Using the Web for Resources20.9%Use: Lesson 9: RefWorks52.2% (1)Use: Lesson 10: When to Cite Your Articles17.9%Use: Lesson 11: Types of Written Articles14.9%Use: Lesson 12: How to Approach Assignments40.3% (3)Use: Lesson 13: What is a Paragraph?4.5%ALL OF THE ABOVE9.0%</p></li><li><p>Recommend other students to learn information literacy skills using mobile technology</p></li><li><p>Flexibility to Learn Anywhere and Anytime</p></li><li><p>Quality of Learning</p></li><li><p>Information literacy skills enhanced as a result of completing these exercises</p></li><li><p>Student Feedback on MIL Training Students reported positive experience with the info literacy lessons and the use of mobile technology:short lessons but to the point; easy to use;creative different test/quiz styles</p><p>Students liked the flexibility/ availability of any time learning:very convenient; learn on my own time, anywhere;able to review from time to time</p></li><li><p>Student Feedback on the MIL Training Use of mobile technology would be good supplementary medium of learning:I can access and learn on Wi-Fi on campus and on bus.</p><p>Greatest concern was cost of Internet access.dont have data so cannot always get internet. </p></li><li><p>Defining content</p><p>define the amount &amp; type of information</p><p>Design of the format </p><p>normal website vs. mobile versiontext, images, graphics, tables, locationdifferent file types (pdf, mov)</p><p>Display models</p><p>different display model &amp; stylesheet</p><p>Different standards, data networks, &amp; operating systems </p><p>Bandwidth</p><p>Lesson Learned from the Pilot</p></li><li><p>Suggestions for Future DeliveryEmbedded MIL in the curriculum</p><p>Moving from MIL to mobile academic fluency</p><p>Use of learning analytic evidence based learning</p><p>Free internet, mobile info literacy training in remote area</p><p>Screen size redesign for ease of reading</p><p>Delivery of MIL in different languages (e.g. Japanese, Arabic Chinese)</p><p>Use multimedia and games to improve the learning experience</p><p>Use mobile device to interact with teachers and trainer (e.g. Ask a mobile librarian)</p></li><li><p> http://beam.to/renmil</p><p>:Visit the Mobile Information Literacy Lessons site:</p></li><li><p>ReferencesAlly, M. (2005). Multimedia information design for mobile devices. In, M. Pagani (Ed.). Encyclopedia of Multimedia Technology and Networking. Idea Group Inc. Hershey, PA.</p><p>Kim, B. (2013). The Library Mobile Experience: Practices and User Expectations (Vol. 49, No. 6). American Library Association.</p><p>Yarmey, K. (2011). Student information literacy in the mobile environment. Educause Quarterly, 34(1), n1.</p></li><li><p>Slideshare: http://tinyurl.com/nxffjgm</p><p>E-mail:tony.tin@uwaterloo.caWebsite: http://www.tonytin.comLinkedin: https://ca.linkedin.com/in/tonytin</p><p>Research Team Members</p><p>*stephen hawking, famous physicist Professor (The Theory of Everything)</p><p>Bill Gate, founder of Microsoft</p><p>David Johnson, governor general of canada</p><p>RIM founder Mike Laza/ridis celebrates his Waterloo engineering roots at a 50th anniversary celebration on campus*My projects and passion for mobile learing**What is it? Information literacy is the concept of recognizing when information is needed to support or inform an idea, as well as the ability to locate this information and use it effectively. For our students, this often times means using research databases to find articles, reports, conference proceedings, etc. to support their ideas being presented in a paper. This is often a huge challenge for students because research databases require different search tactics than Google. As librarians, we spend a great deal of instructing students on database search tactics in classroom settings. </p><p>Mobile information literacy can refer to a number of different ideas, for example: teaching users how to evaluate mobile content such as apps. For our purposes, mobile information literacy refers to the integrations of technology into the information literacy learning process.**We currently have over 20 videos that teach about topics such as Boolean Operators, database functions, writing search strategies in keywords, etc. However, the literature shows that interactivity and assessment help to reinforce concepts learned, so our project would focus on creating activities to complement the videos. These activities would be made accessible on a mobile-friendly website. The goal is to make the activities entertaining enough for students to engage with the content while theyre waiting in line, sitting on the bus, before classes, etc. We want to make a true point-of-need library service that benefits students and makes their library experience fun!</p><p>Tony approached me in the fall 2013 semester to see if I would act as an information literacy consultant on this project based on my experience teaching LINC sessions (he previously attended a BSBM session I instructed). My task has been to brainstorm topics that should be addressed, create activities, and co-ordinate the activities based on our current videos. Tony is working with a former colleague at Athabasca University to create the first draft of this project, but there is a lot to improve upon this first draft! Tony is now working with some colleagues at Renison to apply for grant funding to propel this project forward more quickly. *</p><p>http://tttest.org/wp-admin/ (admin view)Google analytics to analyszie their use https://www.google.com/analytics/web/?hl=en#report/visitors-overview/a55317950w88548049p91984249/%3Foverview-dimensionSummary.selectedGroup%3Dmobile%26overview-dimensionSummary.selectedDimension%3Danalytics.screenResolution/</p><p>We currently have over 20 videos that teach about topics such as Boolean Operators, database functions, writing search strategies in keywords, etc. However, the literature shows that interactivity and assessment help to reinforce concepts learned, so our project would focus on creating activities to complement the videos. These activities would be made accessible on a mobile-friendly website. The goal is to make the activities entertaining enough for students to engage with the content while theyre waiting in line, sitting on the bus, before classes, etc. We want to make a true point-of-need library service that benefits students and makes their library experience fun!</p><p>*analyze user traffic and paint a complete picture of your audience and their needs</p><p>e a visual assessment of how visitors interact with your pages. Learn what they're looking for and what they like, then tailor all your marketing activities from your site to your apps to your ad campaigns for maximum impact*Multipel choiceTrue/false*Three slides separate them into three different slides*Collective intellgient. Contribute knowledge consteuctie knowledge approach. Social consstructist approach.*This video will have to be narrated by the presenter. The CPA example is clicked twice on purpose so that viewers will be able to see the animation the second time (since it goes by so quickly)*Subjects Involved in StudySocial Work and Social Developmental Studies student participants volunteer to test the MIL Tool.23 students, age, type of phone Total #??</p><p>Mobile deive= tablet or laptop</p><p>*Visual with pictures.*58% of students were able to maintain or increase their scores from beginning to end of semester. 42% of students scores decreased their scoresReasons: incomplete lessons, limited internet access, poor screen visibility, poor sound quality. What we learn we are finding info explorary study this is not an outcome study (pilot trial and error).</p><p>*Why? Help better design*Focus on something pratical and relevant to academic, not something general (write a paper) not orange</p><p>2nd 3rd pass 1 year. They dont need basic info.*QualiRY AND PLAN LEARING ON THE GO IS IT SERIOUS . </p><p>10% dont like mobile technology destop and </p><p>37% need extra support not know the tech but 50% is keen on using. </p><p>Not only to use but aso advocate m-learn. To other studetnts. high %*Like the flexitibity. May not be for learning </p><p>Like, however challeges*</p><p>Like it and find out their experience Learning slide how to do better why- you tell us ..Why quality of living? Small screen time. not as convincing as it is</p><p>Many tech challenge improve our tools such as screen size, resolution, wifi access, data*POSTIVE DESPITE THE SCORE early stage of developemtn I am on the right track with mobile learnig fine tune our tool*TWO SCREEN</p><p>waiting for the bus or being on the bus or whenever there is some spare time</p><p>*1. How best we can design the content (e.g. how short is each lesson, what type of video lesson or text info and exercises do student want2. What format to use. Our site is mobile friendly, work with desktop and mobile. 3. Different display model. It works with IOS but has issue with Android regarding display. Html5 make it responsive and fluid. Cannot resize, text size to small to view4. Different standard, especially OS (work with IOS and not android). Drag and drop only works with touch screen phone.5. Not all smartphone would accept Unicode if we want to deliver lessons in different language6. Slow internet connectivity could impact access to video in the lessons. </p><p>4. *Google leanring analyticshttp://www.elearnspace.org/blog/2010/08/25/what-are-learning-analytics/</p><p>Student like the ideas of mobile learning, the tech can be used to engage learner to learn info literacy skills anytime, anywhere.**http://www.slideshare.net/TonyTin1/mil-47004300*</p></li></ul>