UNIT 3 FOOD AND NUTRITION
VOCABULARY UNIT 3
Cell Tissue Organ System
Respiratory system Circulatory system Excretor system Male and female
reproductive system System Multicelled organism Human body Shape Digestive system Stomach
Male and female reproductive system
Sensitive organs Nervous system Endocrine system Locomotive system
VOCABULARY UNIT 3
Heart Kidnety Lung Bones Muscles
To squeeze Intestines To breathe Oxygen Waste Muscles
Brain Nutrition Reproduction Relation
Waste Blood To mash Liver Skin Nerves
THE FOOD WHEEL
Nutrients give us energy, permit us growing and make our body to run properly..
They give us energy.
Simple glucids: Sugar, sweet flavour. Lactose from milk. They give us energy very quickly.
Complex: starch (almidn). They give us energy for a long time.
BREAD, PASTA, CEREALS, SUGAR, POTATOES, LEGUMES, MILK
Try to join each food with the kind of glucid it has:
They give us energy for a long time and formed structures in our body.
Fats: saturated and insaturated fats. Saturated (most of them from animals) are not good in big ammounts. Poliinsaturated (most of them from plants) are the best fats we can eat.
Lipids that formed our cells membranes.
THEY ARE USED TO BUILD AND REPAIR STRUCTURES IN OUR BODY.
They transport oxygen in our blood.
They formed our hair and They formed our hair and muscles.
They are formed by little mollecules called aminoacids. There aminoacids that are essential to our body that we cannot make them, so we have to eat with the food. The others aminoacids can be sinthetized by our organism.
CHEESE, MEAT, FISH, MILK, LEGUMES.
THEY ARE USED TO CONTROL SEVERAL FUNCTIONS.
THE Y ARE IMPORTANT FOR THE CORRECT RUNNING OF OUR BODY.TYPES:
Fat soluble vitamins: they
We need them in small ammounts, but their lack cause a lot of illnesses.
They are destroyed by heat or by air, so we can find vitamins in raw and fresh food.
Fat soluble vitamins: they accumulate in the liver.vitamins A, D, E and K.
Water soluble vitamins: they do not accumulate in any organ. Vitamins B and C.
THEY FORME OUR BONES, THEY REGULATE
IMPORTANT FUNCTIONS IN OUR BODY
ALL FOOD CONTAINS MINERAL SALTS
IT DISSOLVES NUTRIENTS, WASTE, IT REGULATES TEMPERATURE AND IT TRANSPORTS SUBSTANCES ALONG OUR BODY.
MILK, VEGETABLES, FRUITS
HUMAN ENERGY REQUIREMENTS
Nutrients give us energy to practise sports, to grow and to allow our body to run properly.
FOOD NUTRIENTSSTOMACH BLOOD OXYGEN
FOOD NUTRIENTSSTOMACH BLOOD
ALL THE CELLS
Las necesidades energticas de una persona dependen de la edad, peso, estatura y actividad dependen de la edad, peso, estatura y actividad fsica.
El metabolismo basal es la energa mnima que necesita nuestro organismo para llevar a cabo los procesos vitales: respirar, bombear sangre.