Unit1 organism

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  • 1. 1 1.1 1.1.1 1. " " Bilogy Bios (Life) (Organism) Logos (Reasoning, thought) Science Scire (Knowing) (Believing) ( . 2536 : 1) (Biotic component) (Living thing) (Matter) (Energy) (Ecosystem)(Biosphere) (Non-living thing) (Physical component) 1.1 (

2. 2 . 2530: 1) 2 (Matters) (Energy) 2 ( .2530: 1) 2 3,000 1-1 2 1. 2. 3 1. (Botany) Botany Botane (Plant herb) Phytology ( Phyton Logos ) 2 ( . 2536: 1-2) 1.1 (Lower plant) 1.1.1 (Phycology Alology) 1.1.2 (Mycology) 3. 31.1.3 (Bryology) (Moss) (Liverwort) (Hornwort)1.2 (Vascolar plant) 1.2.1 (Pteridology) (Fern) 1.2.2 (Dendrology) 2. (Zoology) Zoology 2 Zoon Logos Zoology 2 2.1 (Invertebrate) 2.1.1 (Protozoa) 2.1.2 (Helminthology) 2.1.3 (Entomology) 2.1.4 (Acarology) (Tick) (Mite) 2.1.5 (Carcinology) 2.1.6 (Malacology) 2.1.7 (Ichthylogy) 2.2 (Vertebrate) 2.2.1 (Ornithology) 2.2.2 (Herpetology) (Reptile)2.2.3 (Mammalogy) 3. (Microbiology) Microbiology 2 Micro Biology Microbiology 1. (Virology) (Virus) 4. 4 2. (Bacteriology) 1. (Morphology) 2. (Anatomy) 3. (Organology) 4. (Osteology) 5. (Myology) 6. (Neurology) 7. (Hematology) 8. (Cytology) 9. (Histology) (Tissue) 10. (Physiology) 11. (Embryology) (Embryo) 12. (Parasitology) 13. (Pathology) 14. (Taxonomy) 15. (Ecology) 16. (Biogeography) 17. (Genetics) 18. (Evolution) 19. (Paleontology) (Fossil) 20. (Anthropology) 5. 5 21. (Biotechnology) 2. 1. - - - - - - 2. DNA3. 4. 6. 6 1.1.2 1. (Reproduction) 2. (Growthand repair) () () 3. (IrritabiIity) 4. (Adaptation) 1.1.3 4.5 - 6 3.3 (Fossil) 3 300 - 400 (Empedocles) (Democritus) (Aristotle) 7. 7 (Spontaneous generation) (Newton) (William Harvey) (Descartes) (VanHelmont) 17 (FrancescoRedi) (Lazzaro Spallanzani) .. 1860 (Louis Pasteur) S S .. 1936 . . (A.I.Oparin) "The Origin of Life" . . . (J.B.S.Haldene) The Rational Annaul 8. 8 ..1953 . (Stanley L. Miller) (Harold Urey) 1 2 2 (Protieniod) 3,000 9. 9 1.21.2.1 30 % 65 % 18 % 10 % 3 % 2 % 1.4 % 0.4 % 0.2 % 1.2.2 2 1. (Plasma membrane Cellmembrane) (Differential) (Semipermeable) (Cell wall) 2. (Protoplasm) 2 (Cytoplasm) (Nucleus) (Prokaryote) (Eukaryote) 1. 1.1 (Cristae) 10. 10 (Bacteriochlorophyll) (Chlorophyll a) (Phyobilin) (Carotenoid) (Cell wall) 1.2 1-2 (Neil A. campbell 1993:121) 1 (Circular DNA) (Plasmid Extrachromosomal DNA) DNA 1 2-3 (Mesosome) 1.3 11. 11 (Lipopolysaccharide) 1.4 (Flagellum and pilus) (Flagellin) (Pillin) (Conjugation) 2. 2.1 (Plasma membrane Cellmembrane) 19 ( 2540: 48) 2 (Lipoprotein) (Lecithin) (Selectivepermeable membrane) (Permeable) (Impermeable) 12. 12. 1-3 1. . . ( Neil A. campbell 1993: 124-125) (Cell wall) (Cellulose) (Pectose) (Fungi) (Chitin) (Suberin) (Cutin) (Lignin)2.2 (Cytoplasm) 70 (Organelle) 13. 13 (Specialization) - (Mitochondria) 0.2-5 (m) 2 (Cristae) (Micelle) (Adenosine tri phosphate ATP) - (Endoplasmic reticulum ER) 2 1 (Rough ER RER) 2 (Smooth ER SER) SER SER ER ER ER (Exocytosis) - (Ribosome) 150 - 250 3 1 2 3 14. 14- (Golgi bodies Golgi complex) (Dictyosome) 5 - 8 (Cisterna) ER (Polysaccharide) - (Lysosome) - (Peroxisome) 0.5 m (Peroxidase)- (Glyoxisome) 10m(Glyoxalate) - (vacuole) 90 (Calcium oxalate) (Cell sap) 2 (Contractile vacole) (Foodvacule)- (Microtubule) 20-25 (nm) 15. 15 - (Microfilament) 3-6 - (Cilia and flagellum) 0.2 9 2 9 2 ( 9+2) 10 150 2 - 3 () - (Centriole) 300 -500 (mm) 150 9 3 9 + 0 9 0 2 (1) 2 (Polar cap) (2) (Basal body) (Basal body) 9 3 ( 9+0) (Plastid) () (Proplastid) 2 1. 2. (Chromoplast) 2 16. 16 (Chloroplast) (Carotenoid) (Choromoplast) 2.3 (Nucleus) - (Nuclear membrane) 2 RER (Nuclear pore) (Annuli) RNA - (Nucleolus) RNA- (Chromosome) (Chromatin) (Chromosome) (Chromatid) (Centromere)- (Nucleoplasm) 2.4 (Cell coat) (Collagen) (Cell wall) (Cell plate) (Middle lamella) (Inclusion) (Granule) (Cymogengranule) (Melanin) 17. 17 (Strach grain) (Gluten) (Areurone) (Tannin) (Resin) (Gum) (Mucilage) 1.2.3 1 1-1 1. 1. 2. 2. 3. 3. 4. 4. 5. 5. 6. 6. 7. 8. (Osmoticpressure) 18. 18 Turgid1.3 1.3.1 1. (diffusion) () () 2. 3 1. (Impermeable membrane) 2. (Permeable membrane) 3. (Selective semipermeable membrane) 1 2 (Osmosis) 19. 19 3. (Facilitated diffusion) 4. (Endocytosis) 1 2 (Pinocytosis) (Phagocytosis) (Pinocytosis) - (Protien receptor) 1-2 (m) (Pueudopodium) Food vacuole 20. 20(Psuedopodium) (Phagocytosis)5. (Exocytosis) 1.3.2 (Active transport) (Adenosinetriphosphate) ATP