Understanding Paragraphs Part 1

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A powerpoint presentation based on Chapter 4 of "Reading Comprehension Skills 1", an internal publication of Unindra

Text of Understanding Paragraphs Part 1

  • 1. WE ,GROUP D,

2. A. 3 (THREE) ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF A PARAGRAPH by Eka B. IDENTIFYING THE TOPIC OF A PARAGRAPH by Choi C. FINDING THE MAIN IDEA by Maulana 3. 3 (THREEE) ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF A PARAGRAPH A paragraph can be defined as a group of related sentences about a single topic. Paragraphs also contain particular elements that are necessary for complete meaning to be conveyed. A paragraph generally has 3 essential elements: a topic a main idea some details 4. a topic is the one thing the paragraph is about. a main idea is what the author wants to communicate about the topic. some details in a paragraph, some details are the proof, support, explanations, reasons, or examples that explain the main idea. 5. EXAMPLE Some plants require more light than others due to coloration of their foliage. Plants with shades of white, yellow, or pink in their leaves need more light than plants with completely green foliage. For example, a Swedish ivy plants with completely green leaves requires less light per day than variegated Swedish ivy that contains shades of white, yellow, and green in its leaves. It is a paragraph. It has: a topic plants; a main idea plants varying degrees of light due to coloration; and support the example of the Swedish ivy.. 6. EXERCISE Sanur beach is one of Balis most beautiful beaches. The beach is dubbed white sand and is also famous throughout the world. Everyday, Sanur beach is always crowded by the visitors, both local visitors and foreign tourists. The topic is: Sanur Beach The Main Idea: Sanur Beach is one of Balis most beautiful beaches Some Details: The beach is dubbed white sand and is also famous througout the world. Everyday, Sanur beach is always crowded by the visitors, both local visitors and foreign tourists. 7. The topic of a paragraph is the subject of the whole paragraph. It is the one thing the whole paragraph is about. The clue of the topic is: 8. THE TOPIC OF THIS PARAGRAPH IS: There are many kinds of pollution. One kind of it is air pollution. This is usually is a problem over cities. It is found in rivers, lakes, and oceans. Also pollution of the earth is sometimes near farms. And finally, there is noise pollution, especially in crowded cities. 9. There are many reasons why students go to college. Some of them attend college to enjoy the social life offered by a university campus. Others go to college because their best frieds are going. Still others go because their parents expect them to. There are also a few students who attend college because they do not want to find jobs and support themselves. But there seems tobe an increasing number of students who attend college to become better educated and better prepared for a meaningful career. THE TOPIC OF THIS PARAGRAPH IS: a.Most students attend college just for fun. b.Reasons why students go to college. c.The best reason for attending college. d.College life. 10. The main idea of a paragraph tells you what the author wants you to know about the topic. 11. EXAMPLE: Find the main idea of this paragraph! The federal Trade commission has become increasingly interested in false and misleading packaging. Complaints have been filed against many food packagers because they make boxed unnecessarily large to give a false impression of quantitiy. Cosmetics manufacturers have been accused of using false bottoms in packaging to make small amount of their product appear to be much more THE MAIN IDEA OF THIS PARAGRAPH IS: The federal Trade commission has become increasingly interested in false and misleading packaging. 12. On Friday I went to the Bromo mountain. I wanted to see it very much. It is near Probolinggo. That is why I stayed at Nida and Hasans house at Cemara Lawang, Probolinggo the main idea of paragraph is On Friday I went to the Bromo mountain. 13. THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION