The Chola Empire - History –

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The Chola Empire - History – Mocomi.com For more Educational articles and video for kids, visit: http://mocomi.com/learn/history/

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2. This is the story about the Chola Dynasty which is believed tohave originated from the fertile valley of the river Kaveri. By theturn of the 8th century, there were three prominent Kingdoms ofthe South, the Cheras, the Pandyas and the Cholas who were con-sideredto be the most powerful of the three.Copyright 2012 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved. 3. The year 985 saw one of the greatest Kings of Southern Indiaascend the throne, Rajaraja Chola I also known as Rajaraja, theGreat, who defeated the Eastern Chalukyas of Vengi, the Pandyasof Madurai and the Gangas of Mysore. His campaign of expansionincluded the capture of Sri Lanka, which remained under theChola rule for 75 years. He also conquered the islands of the Mal-divesand even sent missions to Indonesia.Copyright 2012 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved. 4. Being an able administrator and a great lover of architecture, hecommissioned the building of the magnicent temple of Tanjore.The temple is named 'Rajarajeshwar' after him.Copyright 2012 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved. 5. Rajendra Chola, the heir and son of Rajaraja Chola I, took over theKingdom after his father's death and was an able ruler, just likehim. His greatest achievement included the conquest of the An-damanand Nicobar islands.Copyright 2012 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved. 6. Rajendra Chola then later attacked the Western Chalukyas andtheir allies. He conquered lands right upto the banks of the riverGanga. From the holy river, he collected the sacred water ingolden pots and poured it into a tank he called Chola Ganga. Hethen adopted the title of Gangaikonda, which means Victor of theGanga.Copyright 2012 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved. 7. The period under his reign came to be known as the Golden Ageof the Cholas. Art, music, dance, poetry, drama, sculpture, paint-ing,philosophy and religion, all reached new heights. Templeswere the center of all activities where the courtyard served as aschool for students who were taught ancient Vedas and scrip-tures.It was also built to be used as a shelter by the people incase of an emergency.Copyright 2012 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved. 8. This was also a time of religion and the worship of Lord Shivaincreased in popularity. The Tamil language received great en-couragementand many beautiful works of Tamil literature cameabout during this period. The famous poet Kamban lived duringthis period and his work 'Ramavatharam' is one of the greatestepics of Tamil literature.Copyright 2012 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved. 9. The Cholas continued to lay much emphasis on architecture. Mag-nicent temples were built, the Brihadiswara temple at Tanjore isa prime example. Another famed art form of the time, were thecarved bronze statues. The Natraja and the Ardhanarishwara arefamous examples of this art form.Copyright 2012 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved. 10. Following Rajendra's rule, three of his sons and one grandsonsucceeded him. Thereafter, a new line of Chalukya-Cholas as-cendedthe throne. The Eastern Chalukyas and the Cholas hadinter-married through the generations and thus a new clan wasborn. Rajendra Chola's daughter was married to the ChalukyaPrince, Vimaladitya.Copyright 2012 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved. 11. Trade routesChola territoriesChola subordincesOne of the Chalukya-Chola rulers was Rajendra II, an Eastern Cha-lukyanprince, who called himself 'Kulottunga' or 'Star of the Dy-nasty'.Under his rule, Sri Lanka gained independence from theChola Rule. His reign was of peace and prosperity. Trade withSoutheast Asia ourised, with many diplomatic missions sent toChina.Copyright 2012 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved. 12. Around the year 1118 however, the Chalukya-Chola rulers lostcontrol of Vengi to the Western Chalukya king, Vikramaditya VI.The future Chola kings all faced trouble in one way or the other.They were constantly assaulted. By the thirteenth century, thePandyan monarchs were gaining strength. The Chola Empireshrank to the region around Tanjore and soon came to an endwhen the last Chola King, Rajaraja III died.The End.Copyright 2012 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved. 13. For more Educational articles and video for kids,visit: mocomi.com/learn/PROJECTThe earliest of Chola's date back to which time period?Apart from capturing foriegn lands such as Sri Lanka, the Maldivesand Indonesia, which other countries did the Chola's have a holdon?The history of the Cholas falls into four periods. What are those fourperiods called?Copyright 2012 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved.