A list of books to use when teaching text structure.
- 1.Text Structure Resourcescompiled by Emily KissnerThe books on this list were put together as a resource forteachers planning to teach about expository text structures.DescriptionThis text structure can also be called statement/support or main ideaand detail. An author begins by stating a main point, and then supportsthat main point with details.Graphic organizer: Web, Tree mapSill, Cathryn. (2010). About Raptors. Atlanta, GA: Peachtree Publishing.Amazon linkThis book is part of a series that introduces readers to animals andtheir characteristics. The books are written with main ideas andsupporting details. Very simple text, clear structure. Multiple booksin the series could be used for further instruction.Wallace, Karen. (1993). Think of a Beaver. Boston, MA: Candlewick Press.Amazon linkIn this book, readers learn about the characteristics of the beaver.Figurative language adds to the descriptive imagery, making it a fineexample of a picture book that shows the description text structure.If this title is unavailable, look for the companion book Think of anEel. Note: Toward the end of the book, the structure changes tochronological order as the growth of beaver kits is explained.Chronological OrderText that is written in chronological order shows how somethingchanges over time. Time order transitions such as next, then, later, andfinally are used.Graphic organizer: Sequence chain Compiled by Emily Kissner http://emilykissner.blogspot.com
2. Zecca, Katherine. (2007). A Puffins Year. Maine: Down East Books.Amazon linkReaders find out about a puffins year in this beautifully illustratedbook. The text begins with the puffins arrival on the island, andfollows a pair as they lay their egg and raise the puffling.McMillan, Bruce. (1993). Nights of the Pufflings. New York: Houghton-Mifflin.Amazon linkA nice counterpart to A Puffins Year, this book tells the story ofpufflings and the Icelandic children who help them when they get loston their way to the sea. Photographs of children, puffins, and Icelandaccompany the text. A nice counterpart to A Puffins Year, this bookexamines some of the same events in a different way. (Note: There is asection of the text that is problem and solution at the end.)Cherry, Lynne. (1997). Flutes Journey. New York: Harcourt.Amazon linkIn this book, a wood thrush is followed from hatching to raising its ownyoung. The book tells how wood thrushes migrate to Central America,and the dangers that they face. The text follows a very clearchronological order pattern.Other good chronological order texts:Cherry, Lynne. A River Ran Wild.The Great Chicago Fire from Toolkit Texts, 4/5Firefighting Through the Ages from Toolkit Texts, 4/5Himmelman, John. A House Spiders Life.Nelson, Vaunda. Bad News for Outlaws: The Remarkable Life of Bass Reeves,U.S. Marshal. (In typical biography fashion, this text starts with an event from themiddle of the subjects life, and then goes back to chronological order.)Cause and EffectCause and effect text shows how one or more causes led to one or moreeffects. Usually, the author explains the causes before the effects,Compiled by Emily Kissner http://emilykissner.blogspot.com 3. although this is not always the case. Clue words such as cause, effect,result, and therefore might be found, but are not always used, especiallyin authentic text. Because causes precede effects, chronological orderclue words are also often present.Graphic organizer: Flow mapBattan, Mary. (2003). Aliens from Earth: When Animals and Plants InvadeOther Ecosystems. Atlanta, GA: Peachtree Publishing.Amazon linkThis book explains how alien plants and animals affect ecosystems.Each double page spread explains another case of an alien invader, andthe effects the exotic species had on the ecosystem.Davies, Nicola. (2006). Extreme Animals. Boston, MA: Candlewick Press.Amazon linkHow can polar bears survive their freezing homes? How can wood frogs survivebeing frozen? What animal is the toughest on earth? (You might besurprised!) In this book, Nicola Davies explains how the adaptations ofanimals help them survive extremes. This is an example of text wherethe effect is stated before the causes.Other good cause and effect textsSiebert, Patricia. Toad Overload.Washington Post article: Zoo MysteryJohns, Chris, and Elizabeth Carney. Face to Face with Cheetahs.(The Fast Cats section is organized as cause and effect.)Stewart, Melissa. Deadliest Animals.(This book includes cause and effect sentences as the author explains why variousanimals are deadly.)Problem and SolutionIn problem and solution text, an author states a problem, and thendescribes one or more solutions. The solution could be something thathas actually happened, or the author may be making suggestions for thefuture. Problem and solution text often includes some elements of causeand effect as the author explains what led to the problem or the effectsthat the solution will have.Graphic organizer: Flow map Compiled by Emily Kissner http://emilykissner.blogspot.com 4. Stewart, Melissa. (2006). A Place for Butterflies. Atlanta, GA: PeachtreePublishing.Amazon linkThis book uses two levels of text to explain how butterflies are affectedby habitat change, and how people have helped to restore theirhabitats. The simpler text uses a cause and effect structure, explaininghow peoples actions have led to butterfly survival. The longer textfocuses on a particular species of butterfly and how people solvedproblems related to the butterflys habitat.Patent, Dorothy Hinshaw. (2008). When the Wolves Returned. New York:Walker and Company.Amazon linkThe wolves of Yellowstone were all killed in the early part of the1900s. How did this lead to problems in the ecosystem? The author ofthis book explains how and why the wolves were killed, and then tellshow scientists reintroduced wolves to the park. This is a good exampleof how cause and effect text fits well with problem and solution text.Other problem and solution booksStewart, Melissa. A Place for Birds.Gerstein, Mordecai. Sparrow Jack.Compare and ContrastIn the text structure of compare and contrast, an author shows how twoor more things are similar and different. Compare and contrast iscomplicated by the fact that the text can be put together in multipleways. The author may use a clustered style, in which all of the detailsabout each topic are put together. Or the author may use an alternatedstyle, going point by point through the details. Sometimes, authors mayeven combine the two methods.Graphic organizer: Matrix, Venn diagramCollard, Sneed. (2008). Teeth. Watertown, MA: Charlesbridge.Amazon linkThis book uses a clustered method to describe how different animalsuse their teeth. Different kinds of teeth are discussed, with details thatshow how these different teeth help the animals to survive. Most of thecomparisons are implicit and left to the reader to piece together;Compiled by Emily Kissner http://emilykissner.blogspot.com 5. however, this would work well with a comparison chart.Bullard, Lisa. (2010). Whats the Difference Between An Alligator and ACrocodile? Minnesota: Picture Window Books.Amazon linkThis book uses an alternated style to help a reader understand thedifferences between an alligator and a crocodile. Diagrams andsupportive illustrations depict the main details to show how thesereptiles are similar and different. Look for other books in the series,like Whats the Difference Between a Frog and a Toad?Other compare and contrast textsCarney, Elizabeth. Cats vs. Dogs.Jenkins, Steve. Dogs and Cats. Compiled by Emily Kissner http://emilykissner.blogspot.com