Techniques to Develop Creativity
Techniques to Develop CreativityMorphological AnalysisAndLateral thinkingM.Ed 2014-15
IntroductionCreativity is the highest order of Human PotentialIt ensures that any nation meets its present and future needs.In Indian context Creativity is often synonymous with Art and Entertainment, which is meant for the elite in society, not for the masses.In all areas of life Principle of Reward and Punish reign high.In order that there is inclusive growth and development especially at the grassroot level, teaching- learning process needs to use Creativity, which has the power of self- motivation and self actualization.
Factors required for developing CreativityCreativity depends on formation of Ideas.Ideas when put into action become Noble Ideas.Noble Ideas can be learned and adapted through incubation and applicationCreativity is expressed as originality, sensitivity, imagination, flexibility, fluency, ingenuity, elaboration
Morphological AnalysisDeveloped by Fritz Zwicky ( 1969) Creative adaptation of Matrix analysis conceived and practiced by MathematiciansInvolves study of two or more componentsFocuses on Principles of Combination, Decomposition and Forced AssociationData is combined into new ways to discover original ideas or solutionsUses a GRID or MATRIX
Five steps of Morphological Analysis1. Concise formation of the Problem2. Listing of the attributes for each parameter. All parameters have to be localized and analyzed3. Construction of the Morphological Box or Multi-dimensional Matrix, which contains all potential solutions to given problem4. Scrutinization and Evaluation of all solutions, within the Morphological Box w.r.t goals to be achieved5. Selection and practical application of the optimally suitable solution.Experiment by Gujarathi Nalini Mohan (1992)Applied Morphological Analysis in Scientific Creativity Training Programme.Preparing a Train: Three dimensional Matrix of 5 X 5 X 5 combinations=125
Educational Implications of Morphological AnalysisCreative Design of new products, services, tools.Designing Curriculum to simultaneously meet 2 or more goals e.g. while teaching E.V.S , teacher can give Value education and Awareness about environment.Training in Creative ResearchStudy effect of Teacher- Classroom variable like indirect and direct class control, classroom climate etc. on effectiveness of Teaching- learning processStudy of parameters like Motivation, reward, competition etc. in combinationDevelops eye for detail and sensitivityEnables Visualization of Broader Picture.
Lateral ThinkingDeveloped by Edward De Bono ( 1977)Principles of Lateral Thinking:-Recognition of dominant polarizing ideasSearch for different ways of looking at thingsA relaxation of rigid control of vertical thinkingUse of Chance
We can best understand Lateral thinking by comparing it with Vertical Thinking.
Vertical ThinkingIs selective, analyticalIs SequentialOne ahs to be correct at every stepMoves only if there is directionUses negative to block-off certain pathwaysConcentrates and excludes what is irrelevantCategories, classification are fixedFollows most likely pathFinite processLateral ThinkingGenerative, proactive,Can make jumpsMay be wrong at some stageMoves to generate directionNo negative in any functionWelcomes intrusionCategories, Classifications not fixedExplores least likely pathProbabilistic process
Uses of Lateral ThinkingIntermediate ImpossibleRandom JuxtapositionReversal MethodAnalogiesDeliberate generalization of alternativesDifferent ways of looking at thingsPractice DesignChallenging assumptions
Educational Implicationsof Lateral thinkingHelps creative problem solvingDevelops originality, Flexibility and elaborationHelps design effective curriculum for all round growth of childTrains in creative appreciation, creative perception, and divergent thinkingHelps design student centric teaching-learning processesCreates sensitivity to situational problems, removes judgment /biasHelps plan strategy with holistic viewRefines strange ideas into useful onesImproves interpersonal skills, develops attributes like trust, confidence, openness, honesty etc.