Teaching with Poverty (The Impact and Strategies) (July 2013)

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  • 1. Teaching with Poverty: The Impact and Strategies By: Matt Bergman

2. About Me @mattbergman14 bergman-udl.blogspot.com/ learn-lead-grow.weebly.com/ 3. Essential Questions for Today: What is poverty? How does poverty impact our classrooms? What strategies can we use to overcome the challenges of poverty in our classrooms? 4. % of Americans Living in Poverty Source: US Census Bureau 5. We see the impacts of poverty in our classroom Lack of motivation Cognitive lags Chronic tardiness Inappropriate behavior Lack of parental involvement High transience rates 6. But do we understand what poverty really is? Poverty is the extent to which an individual does without resources. - Ruby Payne SOURCE: Payne, R. (1996). A framework for understanding poverty . Highlands, TX: aha! Process, Inc. 7. In the United States, the official poverty thresholds are set by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). Persons with income less than that deemed sufficient to purchase basic needsfood, shelter, clothing, and other essentialsare designated as poor. In 2011, what was the poverty threshold of a family of 4? $23,018 SOURCE: Jensen, E. (2009). Teaching with poverty in mind. United States: ASCD. 8. Source: US Census Bureau 9. How Poverty Occurs Situational Generational Absolute Relative Urban Rural SOURCE: Jensen, E. (2009). Teaching with poverty in mind. United States: ASCD. 10. Situational 11. Generational 12. Absolute 13. Relative 14. Urban Poverty 15. Rural Source: William P. O'Hare, The Forgotten Fifth: Child Poverty in Rural America (2009). 16. Source: William P. O'Hare, The Forgotten Fifth: Child Poverty in Rural America (2009). 17. Barrier = Poverty Many of our students come from poverty, which we cannot control We can control how we can help our students in our classrooms 18. Strategies We Can Use to Overcome the Challenges of Poverty in our Classrooms 19. Tip 1: Build Relationships "No significant learning occurs without a significant relationship." James Comer (1995) 20. Tip 2: Create a Stable Environment 21. Tip 3: Encourage a Growth Mindset Lowering expectations does not work! 22. Tip 4: Reading is the Key to Vocabulary Development 23. 36%of low income parents read daily to their kindergarten aged child. SOURCE: Jensen, E. (2009). Teaching with poverty in mind. United States: ASCD. 24. The Matthew Effect Keith Stanovich 25. What can we do? Provide access to a variety of reading materials Opportunities to read in school Supports in place Reading through a social lens 26. A. Variety of Materials in our Classroom 27. B. Opportunities to Read in School 28. C. Supports in Place 29. D. Reading through a Social Lens 30. 4 As Model: What assumptions does the author make? What do I agree with from the text? What do I argue with from the text? What do I want to aspire to from the text? 31. A mothers role is critical in the development of vocabulary. According to research, by the time MOST children start school, they will have been exposed to 5 million words and should know about 13,000 of them SOURCE: Jensen, E. (2009). Teaching with poverty in mind. United States: ASCD. 32. Tip 5: Developing Vocabulary Strategies The achievement gap is largely a vocabulary gap. 33. How do you choose words to teach? Tier 3 Domain Specific Tier 2 General Academic Tier 1 Everyday words that we use Beck, I.L., McKoeown, M.G., & Kucan, L. (2002). Bringing words to life: Robust vocabulary instruction. New York: The Guilford Press. 34. What can we do? Multiple opportunities Meaningful interactions 35. Word Walls Word Wall 36. Tip 6: Oral Language is Important! Teachers use Academic Vocabulary and smart words in the classroom. Embed higher-level synonyms and explanations within language. Never use slang. 37. Tip 7: Increase Engagement 38. One last thought Do what you can, with what you have, where you are at. Theodore Roosevelt 39. Thank You! For questions: mattbergman14@gmail.com For more Web 2.0 ideas! @mattbergman14 (Twitter) learn-lead-grow.weebly.com/ (Website) http://bergman-udl.blogspot.com/ (Blog) 40. References Beck, I.L., McKoeown, M.G., & Kucan, L. (2002). Bringing words to life: Robust vocabulary instruction. New York: The Guilford Press. Jensen, E. (2009). Teaching with poverty in mind. United States: ASCD. Payne, R. (April 2008). Poverty and learning: 9 powerful practices. Educational Leadership, 65(7), 48-52.

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