Tar2 Chapter 27

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Chapt 27

Text of Tar2 Chapter 27

  • Splash Screen
  • Contents Chapter Introduction Section 1 The Nixon Administration Section 2 The Watergate Scandal Section 3 Ford and Carter Section 4 The Me Decade: Life in the 1970s Chapter Summary Chapter Assessment Click on a hyperlink to view the corresponding slides.
  • Intro 1 Click the Speaker button to listen to the audio again.
  • Intro 2 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Chapter Objectives
    • Describe Nixons domestic agenda.
    • Discuss Nixons foreign policy achievements.
    Section 1: The Nixon Agenda
  • Intro 3 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Chapter Objectives Section 2: The Watergate Scandal
    • Describe the character of Richard Nixon and the attitude of his White House.
    • Explain the Watergate scandal and discuss its effects.
  • Intro 4 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Chapter Objectives Section 3: Ford and Carter
    • Explain the reasons for economic troubles in the United States during the 1970s.
    • Discuss Jimmy Carters domestic and foreign policies.
  • Intro 5 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Chapter Objectives Section 4: The Me Decade: Life in the 1970s
    • Explain the emergence of new spiritual movements and religions.
    • Discuss the disappearance of some traditional values during the 1970s.
  • Intro 6 Why It Matters The protests of the 1960s were passionate and sometimes violent. The nation elected President Nixon on a promise to uphold the values of what Nixon called Middle America. In foreign policy, Nixon charted a new path with a historic visit to China. At home he introduced New Federalism. In 1974 the Watergate scandal forced Nixon to resign. Presidents Ford and Carter faced an economic downturn and a major energy crisis.
  • Intro 7 The Impact Today Experiences of the 1970s have had an impact today.
    • The Watergate scandal has left many Americans less confident in political leaders.
    • The Department of Energy, created by President Carter, still exists as a cabinet-level agency.
    Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.
  • Intro 8 continued on next slide
  • Intro 9
  • End of Intro
  • Section 1-1 Guide to Reading President Nixon sought to restore law and order and traditional values at home and to ease Cold War tensions abroad.
    • Southern strategy
    Main Idea Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Key Terms and Names
    • revenue sharing
    • impound
    • Henry Kissinger
    • dtente
    • summit
  • Section 1-2 Guide to Reading (cont.) Reading Strategy Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Organizing As you read about President Nixons administration, complete a graphic organizer similar to the one on page 832 of your textbook by listing his domestic and foreign policies.
    • Describe Nixons domestic agenda.
    Reading Objectives
    • Discuss Nixons foreign policy achievements.
  • Section 1-3 Guide to Reading (cont.) Section Theme Global Connections One of President Nixons most dramatic accomplishments was changing the relationship between the United States, Communist China, and the Soviet Union.
  • Section 1-4 Click the Speaker button to listen to the audio again.
  • Section 1-5 Appealing to Middle America Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.
    • Many Americans supported the government and longed for an end to the violence of the 1960s.
    • The 1968 Republican presidential candidate, Richard Nixon, appealed to the people whom he called Middle America.
    • He promised them peace in Vietnam, law and order, a streamlined government, and a return to conservative values.
    (pages 832835)
  • Section 1-6 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.
    • The Democratic nominee, Hubert Humphrey, and a third party-candidate, George Wallace, could not stop Nixon.
    • He won, receiving 43.4 percent of the popular vote.
    Appealing to Middle America (cont.) (pages 832835)
  • Section 1-7 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.
    • Much of Nixons success in the election came from the South.
    • Nixon had promised to appoint conservatives to the federal courts, to name a Southerner to the Supreme Court, to oppose court-ordered busing, and to choose a vice president acceptable to the South.
    • As a result, a large number of white Southerners left the Democratic Party and voted for Nixon.
    Appealing to Middle America (cont.) (pages 832835)
  • Section 1-8 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.
    • After his election victory, Nixon began the Southern strategy to win even more Southerners to the Republican Party.
    • He took steps to slow desegregation.
    • To keep his promise of law and order, Nixon set out to battle American crime. Nixon criticized the Supreme Court regarding expanded rights for accused criminals.
    • He appointed several conservative judges to the Supreme Court, including one from the South.
    Appealing to Middle America (cont.) (pages 832835)
  • Section 1-9 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.
    • Nixons Republican leaders dismantled several federal programs and gave more control to state and local governments.
    • Under Nixons New Federalism program, Congress passed a series of revenue-sharing bills that provided federal funds to state and local agencies.
    • Intended to give state and local agencies increased power, it actually led to a greater dependency on federal funds.
    Appealing to Middle America (cont.) (pages 832835)
  • Section 1-10 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.
    • In 1969 Nixon proposed replacing the existing Aid to Families with Dependant Children (AFDC) welfare program with the Family Assistance Plan.
    • The plan would give needy families a guaranteed yearly grant of $1,600.
    • The program won House approval but was later defeated in the Senate.
    Appealing to Middle America (cont.) (pages 832835)
  • Section 1-11 Why did Richard Nixon appeal to Middle America in the 1968 presidential election? He aimed many of his campaign messages to Middle America. He promised them peace with honor in Vietnam, law and order, a streamlined government, and a return to more conservative times. Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the answer. Appealing to Middle America (cont.) (pages 832835)
  • Section 1-12 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Nixons Foreign Policy
    • President Nixons administration focused mainly on the subject of foreign affairs.
    • Nixon chose former Harvard professor Henry Kissinger as his national security adviser.
    • Nixon and Kissinger put their foreign policy in place and attempted friendlier relations with the Soviet Union and China.
    (pages 835837)
  • Section 1-13 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.
    • Nixon was anti-Communist but came to reject the idea of a bipolar world with the United States and the Soviet Union confronting each other.
    • Nixon felt the multipolar world would need a different approach.
    • With the help of Kissinger, Nixon created the approach of dtente, or relaxation of tensions between the United States and its two major Communist rivalsthe Soviet Union and China.
    Nixons Foreign Policy (cont.) (pages 835837)
  • Section 1-14 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.
    • Nixon argued that the United States had to build a better relationship with its rivals to ensu

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