SMART International Symposium for Next Generation Infrastructure: What makes a city liveable? Implications for next-generation infrastructure services

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A presentation conducted by Mrs Joanne Leach, University of Birmingham. Presented on Wednesday the 2nd of October 2013. Infrastructure forms the framework within which modern societies operate both at the physical and social level. It includes (amongst others) digital, green and social infrastructures, emergency services and food networks as well as water, energy, waste and transport. In 2012 Liveable Cities, a 5-year research programme, combining the Universities of Birmingham, Lancaster, Southampton and UCL, was established to identify and test radical engineering interventions that will lead to liveable cities of the future (low carbon, resource secure cities in which societal wellbeing is prioritised). This paper presents a discussion of what comprises a truly liveable city and how it might be achieved. It presents the City Analysis Framework, a technique for the analysis of city operations that establishes a hierarchy of needs relevant to successfully achieving a liveable city. The results reflect the changing perceptions and importance of infrastructure and how proposed changes can radically alter peoples lifestyle and wellbeing.

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<ul><li>1.ENDORSING PARTNERSWhat makes a city liveable? Implications for next generation Infrastructure services www.isngi.orgThe following are confirmed contributors to the business and policy dialogue in Sydney: Rick Sawers (National Australia Bank)Nick Greiner (Chairman (Infrastructure NSW)Monday, 30th September 2013: Business &amp; policy DialogueTuesday 1 October to Thursday, 3rd October: Academic and Policy DialoguePresented by: Mrs Joanne Leach, University of Birminghamwww.isngi.org</li></ul> <p>2. What makes a city liveable? Joanne Leach University of Birmingham 2 October 2013 3. This presentation About us City Description Framework Envisioning a future liveable UK city City Analysis Methodology 4. Liveable CitiesTransforming the Engineering of Cities to deliver Societal and Planetary Wellbeing Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) funded UK consortium of four universities Five year programme, starting in May 2012 6M ~40 academic team members ~80 stakeholder partners 5. Liveable CitiesOur focus is on an 80% carbon-reduced, resourcesecure UK city in which wellbeing is optimised How do UK cities function today? How should a future liveable city function? What is stopping us from achieving future liveability? How can engineering overcome the barriers? o Innovative engineering solutions o Transforming engineering itself 6. Liveable CitiesWhile this process is conceptually straightforward, the implementation of change relies upon a fit to the context, exogenous and endogenous influences and city capacity and capability, and faces many barriers, such as resistance to individual and societal behaviour change, political will to enact change in a climate of short-term electoral cycles, professional inertia, the capability and capacity to effect changes and the perceived risks associated with doing things differently. Nevertheless it has the potential to make explicit the opportunities and consequences of action or inaction. 7. Thought startersInfrastructure underpins urban liveability What do we mean by liveability? What do we mean by infrastructure? Complexity / reflexivity / managing risk (uncertainty) Opposing forces? Project versus systems thinking Emergence versus control Rigid versus flexible / self-regulatory / adaptive Infrastructure versus critical infrastructure Sustainability: economic, social and environmental 8. Liveable CitiesOur focus is on an 80% carbon-reduced, resourcesecure UK city in which wellbeing is optimised How do UK cities function today? How should a future liveable city function? What is stopping us from achieving future liveability? How can engineering overcome the barriers? o Innovative engineering solutions o Transforming engineering itself 9. TodayThree UK case studies + international case studies Birmingham largest local authority in Europe Lancaster ancient settlement to transition town Southampton port city Vienna Singapore South America 10. City Description Framework 11. Future LiveabilityEmergence versus controlVision components To be a low carbon city, providing the highest possible resource security with the highest wellbeing whilst ensuring a quality environment, economic vitality and appropriate governance. 12. Vision + aimsTo be a low carbon city, providing the highest possible resource security with the highest wellbeing whilst ensuring a quality environment, economic vitality and appropriate governance. Minimise operational and embodied carbon Maximise individual and community wellbeing Enhance biodiversity and ecosystem services Enhance the built environment Ensure economic vitality Ensure resource security Ensure appropriate governance 13. Vision + aimsTo be a low carbon city, providing the highest possible resource security with the highest wellbeing whilst ensuring a quality environment, economic vitality and appropriate governance. Minimise operational and embodied carbon Maximise individual and community wellbeing Enhance biodiversity and ecosystem services Enhance the built environment Ensure economic vitality Ensure resource security Ensure appropriate governance 14. Aim + objectivesMinimising operational and embodied carbon Minimise energy use from carbon fuels Minimise water use and maximise its reuse Minimise waste produced and maximise its reuse and recycling Optimise food supply chain Minimise high carbon mobilities (transport) of people and objects (including food) Use of low carbon and low impact materials Use of low carbon resources Conduct all activities in the lowest carbon way 15. Aim + objectivesMinimising operational and embodied carbon Minimise energy use from carbon fuels Minimise water use and maximise its reuse Minimise waste produced and maximise its reuse and recycling Optimise food supply chain Minimise high carbon mobilities (transport) of people and objects (including food) Use of low carbon and low impact materials Use of low carbon resources Conduct all activities in the lowest carbon way 16. Objective + measuresUse of low carbon and low impact materialsUse of renewable resources on all residential new builds Use of timber from renewable resources Use of recycled aggregates 17. ApplicabilityHow a city / local authority might use the City Description Framework and City Analysis Methodology 18. Roadmap 19. Liveable CitiesOur focus is on an 80% carbon-reduced, resourcesecure UK city in which wellbeing is optimised How do UK cities function today? How should a future liveable city function? What is stopping us from achieving future liveability? How can engineering overcome the barriers? o Innovative engineering solutions o Transforming engineering itself 20. Liveable CitiesOur focus is on an 80% carbon-reduced, resourcesecure UK city in which wellbeing is optimised How do UK cities function today? How should a future liveable city function? What is stopping us from achieving future liveability? How can engineering overcome the barriers? o Innovative engineering solutions o Transforming engineering itself </p>

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