Skill of increasing student participation in inclusive settings
Skill of Increasing Student Participation in Inclusive SettingsDr. Bharti TandonAssistant Professor
Concept of inclusionConcept of inclusive educationConcept of teaching skillsSkill of increasing student participation
Individuals from diverse backgrounds and abilities are included in all threads of life-social, educational, employment and community living.All children and adult are recognized as one even though they are not the same Diversity and differences are celebrated
Inclusion is when:
According to Michael F. Giangerco, Inclusive Education is a set of values, principles and practices that seeks more effective and meaningful education for all students, regardless of whether they have exceptionality label or not.
Schools that practice full inclusion will teach all children, regardless of learning disorders, in a standard classroom from the time the student enrolls. If full inclusion does not meet the student's needs, special education teachers may visit the classroom periodically to provide supplemental instructions. If the student continues to experience difficulty, the school may switch to a partial inclusion model.
Becoming an inclusive school
The journey to becoming an Inclusive School may be long and challenging at times, but ultimately this journey can strengthen a school community and benefit All children
Inclusion does not mean the placement of children with special needs in general curriculum.
The schools and colleges need to change their traditional way of functioning, their curriculum, and their structure to accommodate the different needs of the individuals.
Close your eyes and try writing a couple of sentences using the opposite hand that you normally do in writing. How do you feel?
The purpose behind the activity is to experience the challenges faced by students with special needs
A teaching skill is that behavior of the teacher which facilitates pupils learning directly or indirectly
A teaching skill includes all arts and behavior of the teacher which maximizes pupils learning
According to Allen and Ryan: Stimulus Variation Set induction Closure Teacher silence and non-verbal cues Reinforcing pupil participation Fluency in questioning Probing questioning Use of higher questions
Skills of Teaching
Divergent questions Recognizing and attending behavior Illustrating and use of examples Lecturing Planned repetition Completeness of communicationCont..
Writing instructional objectives Introducing a lesson Fluency in questioning Probing questioning Explaining Illustrating with examples Stimulus variation Silence and non-verbal cues
According to B.K. Passi
Reinforcement Increasing pupil participation Using black board Achieving Closure Recognizing attending behavior
Writing instructional objectives Organizing the content Creating set for introducing the lesson Introducing a lesson Structuring classroom questions Question delivery and its distribution Response management Explaining Illustrating with examples Using teaching aids Stimulus variation
According to NCERT (1982):
Pacing of the lesson Promoting pupil participation Use of blackboard Achieving closure of the lesson Giving assignments Evaluating the pupils progress Diagnosing pupil learning difficulties and taking remedial measures Management of the class
Also known as ACTIVE LEARNING
Active learningis a process whereby students are engaged in activities, discussion, or problem solving that promote different aspects of teaching learning process.
Skill of Increasing Student Participation
Question & Answer (Q&A) Discussions/debates Activities Projects Games In-class assignmentsPresentations Puzzles Real life situations/ anecdotes
Ways to engage students:
Peer teaching Collaborative learning Rapid fire rounds Energizers Interaction after video clips Hypothetical situations related to topicMind Warm-Ups Student ReflectionsEnactments
Consider an inclusive classroom where you have students with and without special needs. Now go through the following scenarios and think about the options for engaging all students in meaningful learning. Activity
Scenario: if the content is repetitive
Options: #1: Question and answer#2: Allow group discussion #3: Conduct educational games#4: Share real life experiences related to the topic#5: Add yours here
Scenario: If the content is too hard
Options: #1: Allow anonymous questions#2: Give hypothetical situations #3: Try a jigsaw approach #4 : Teach each other #5 : Add yours here
Scenario: if the syllabus is too long and little time in hand
Options: #1: Keep activities bite-sized.#2: Conduct lecture bingo#3: Allow collaborative learning #4: Give projects #5: Add yours here
Scenario: if the content emphasizes the teacher, not the learners
Options: #1: Interaction after video clips #2: Use groups discussion #3: Give them a voice and a choice#4: Provide mind warm-ups/energizers #5: Add yours here
How do you feel about increasing student participation in inclusive settings now?
At the end think-