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Lacrosse (Little Brother of War) James Brennan

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Lacrosse (Little Brother of War)James Brennan

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Thesis

Lacrosse, the oldest team sport in North America, is taking off in high schools around the country and is becoming a big part of our culture ; Therefore I am going to prove that

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Lacrosse Facts

Lacrosse is the oldest team sport in North America.

There was also a Women’s Version of lacrosse called Amtahcha. ( shorter sticks and bigger heads)

Freed, Stanley. "Lacrosse: Yesterday and Today." Lacrosse: Yesterday and Today      23 (Dec. 2006): 44 . E-Library . Web. 1 Dec.

2009.      <http://elibrary.bigchalk.com/elibweb/elib/do/      document?set=search&dictionaryClick=&secondaryNav=&groupid=1&requestid=lib_standa      rd&resultid=4&edition=&ts=F28A9876F5576E4471968E465047F39B_1259678873042&start=1&      publicationId=&urn=urn%3Abigchalk%3AUS%3BBCLib%3Bdocument%3B135311900>

http://www.mce.k12tn.net/indians/reports1/lacrosse.jpg

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History of Lacrosse

Lacrosse was invented by native Americans.

One of the many stick and ball games they played.

Freed, Stanley. "Lacrosse: Yesterday and Today." Lacrosse: Yesterday and Today      23 (Dec. 2006): 44 . E-Library . Web. 1 Dec. 2009.      <http://elibrary.bigchalk.com/elibweb/elib/do/      document?set=search&dictionaryClick=&secondaryNav=&groupid=1&requestid=lib_standa      rd&resultid=4&edition=&ts=F28A9876F5576E4471968E465047F39B_1259678873042&start=1&      publicationId=&urn=urn%3Abigchalk%3AUS%3BBCLib%3Bdocument%3B135311900>

http://alax.nl/img/61.jpg

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Forms of Lacrosse

Early lacrosse had three basic forms. The southeastern, Great lakes and Iroquoian

Each style was different based on the region they lived and the resources they had to make their equipment.

Venum, Thomas, Jr. "American Indian Lacrosse: little brother of war ."      American Indian Lacrosse: little brother of war (2007): n. pag. Rpt. in      American Indian Lacrosse: little brother of war . By THOMAS VENUM, JR.      N.p.: n.p., 2007. N. pag. http://wf2dnvr11.webfeat.org:80/KjNFN12035/      url=http. Web. 1 Dec. 2009. <http:/http://wf2dnvr11.webfeat.org:80/      KjNFN12035/url=http>.

http://www.superiorlacrosseclub.org/lax101/images/Indian_Lacrosse.jpg

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Lacrosse Styles

The Plain Indians would play with two sticks that were smaller.

While the eastern woodland Native Americans would play with one stick.

Venum, Thomas, Jr. "American Indian Lacrosse: little brother of war ."      American Indian Lacrosse: little brother of war (2007): n. pag. Rpt. in      American Indian Lacrosse: little brother of war . By THOMAS VENUM, JR.      N.p.: n.p., 2007. N. pag. http://wf2dnvr11.webfeat.org:80/KjNFN12035/      url=http. Web. 1 Dec. 2009.

<http:/http://wf2dnvr11.webfeat.org:80/      KjNFN12035/url=http>.

http://www.learnnc.org/lp/media/uploads/2007/09/lacrosse.jpg

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Native American Pregame Rituals

They were very similar to rituals associated with war

They would Paint their bodies and decorated their sticks.

There were strict rules on what a player could eat before the game.

Duffy, Neil. The Spirit in the Stick. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.

http://mountaincabinbythelake.com/images/todo/native.jpg

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Early Lacrosse

As many as 100 to 1,000 men would play from each village.

The game would be played on an open plain between each village. On a field that could be miles long.

The game could last for several days but it normally went from sun up to sun down.

Freed, Stanley. "Lacrosse: Yesterday and Today." Lacrosse: Yesterday and Today      23 (Dec. 2006): 44 . E-Library . Web. 1 Dec. 2009.      <http://elibrary.bigchalk.com/elibweb/elib/do/      document?set=search&dictionaryClick=&secondaryNav=&groupid=1&requestid=lib_standa      rd&resultid=4&edition=&ts=F28A9876F5576E4471968E465047F39B_1259678873042&start=1&      publicationId=&urn=urn%3Abigchalk%3AUS%3BBCLib%3Bdocument%3B135311900>.

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Early Lacrosse Cont.

The rules were decided the day before.

There was often no boundaries.

The goals were big boulders or trees later they would use wooden poles put into the ground.

Freed, Stanley. "Lacrosse: Yesterday and Today." Lacrosse: Yesterday and Today      23 (Dec. 2006): 44 . E-Library . Web. 1 Dec. 2009.      <http://elibrary.bigchalk.com/elibweb/elib/do/      document?set=search&dictionaryClick=&secondaryNav=&groupid=1&requestid=lib_standa      rd&resultid=4&edition=&ts=F28A9876F5576E4471968E465047F39B_1259678873042&start=1&      publicationId=&urn=urn%3Abigchalk%3AUS%3BBCLib%3Bdocument%3B135311900>.

http://tilburglax.nl/images/Indian%20lacrosse2.jpg

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Early lacrosse Continued

The Game started when the ball was thrown up in the air and both sides rushed toward it.

The game was slow moving because of the massive number of players.

Passing was considered a trick and a cowardice move because you wanted to dodge an opposing player.

Freed, Stanley. "Lacrosse: Yesterday and Today." Lacrosse: Yesterday and Today      23 (Dec. 2006): 44 . E-Library . Web. 1 Dec. 2009.      <http://elibrary.bigchalk.com/elibweb/elib/do/      document?set=search&dictionaryClick=&secondaryNav=&groupid=1&requestid=lib_standa      rd&resultid=4&edition=&ts=F28A9876F5576E4471968E465047F39B_1259678873042&start=1&      publicationId=&urn=urn%3Abigchalk%3AUS%3BBCLib%3Bdocument%3B135311900>.

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Significance of the Game

Lacrosse was used to settle Inter-tribal conflicts.

It is the reason that the six nations of the Iroquois together

Duffy, Neil. The Spirit in the Stick. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print

http://ryecityschools.milton.schoolfusion.us/modules/groups/homepagefiles/cms/496886/Image/Webquests/Algonquin%

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The Stakes

Before the game every player made a wager (knives, horses, Goods)

Sometimes even wives and children were bet.

Items where awarded to the winners of each Quarter

http://www.windmilltradingco.com/Images/HomePage%202.jpg

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After the Game

A ceremonial dance took place

A feast for all the hungry players

http://www.historycooperative.org/journals/ohq/106.3/images/williams_fig01b.jpg

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First Lacrosse Balls

Lacrosse balls were made of wood or deer skin stuffed with hair.

3 inches in diameter

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First Lacrosse Sticks

The First lacrosse sticks were basically giant wooden spoons with no netting.

A more advanced type had one end bent into a 4 or 5 inch circle which was filled with netting.

Freed, Stanley. "Lacrosse: Yesterday and Today." Lacrosse: Yesterday and Today      23 (Dec. 2006): 44 . E-Library . Web. 1 Dec. 2009.      <http://elibrary.bigchalk.com/elibweb/elib/do/      document?set=search&dictionaryClick=&secondaryNav=&groupid=1&requestid=lib_standa      rd&resultid=4&edition=&ts=F28A9876F5576E4471968E465047F39B_1259678873042&start=1&      publicationId=&urn=urn%3Abigchalk%3AUS%3BBCLib%3Bdocument%3B135311900>.

http://www.hemplax.com/image/native-american-lacrosse-replica.gif

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First Lacrosse Sticks Cont.

Lengths ranged from 2 to 5 feet.

Sticks often had carvings on them to help the player in the game.

Venum, Thomas, Jr. "American Indian Lacrosse: little brother of war ."      American Indian Lacrosse: little brother of war (2007): n. pag. Rpt. in      American Indian Lacrosse: little brother of war . By THOMAS VENUM, JR.      N.p.: n.p., 2007. N. pag. http://wf2dnvr11.webfeat.org:80/KjNFN12035/      url=http. Web. 1 Dec. 2009. <http:/http://wf2dnvr11.webfeat.org:80/      KjNFN12035/url=http>.

http://www.uwlax.edu/MVAC/images/Games/lacrosse%20stick%20W.jpg

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Significance of the Stick

Lacrosse sticks were considered a extremely valuable piece of property.

Most lacrosse players requested to be buried with their stick.

Duffy, Neil. The Spirit in the Stick. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.

http://jenssannerud.com/lacrosse%20stick.jpg

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Lacrosse Today

http://www4.pictures.gi.zimbio.com/NCAA+Lacrosse+Semifinals+Johns+Hopkins+v+Duke+97qozQ-wOUil.jpg

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Modern Lacrosse

Played with a small rubber ball.

Metal shafts plastic heads.

http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://blog.syracuse.com/orangelacrosse/2009/

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Safety Equipmentrequired

Mouth piece

Helmet

Shoulder pads

Elbow pads

Gloves

Optional

Throat protector

Shoulder guards

Rib pads

Chest protector

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http://www.morleyathletic.com/images/BM20435x.gif

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http://www.athleticfieldmarker.com/images/LacrosseYouthnHSDimensions.jpg

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Stick Dimensions

http://laxbuzz.files.wordpress.com/2009/09/ncaa-2010-lacrosse-head-requirements1.jpg

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Start of Game

Each Game starts with a face off on the midline

There are only three players from each team that can compete in the face off until possession is determined.

After each goal there is also a face off

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http://laxbuzz.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/syracuse-face-off-x-domination.jpg

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Basic Rules

Each team has 10 players on the field

There must be 4 players on the defensive side of the field at all times and 3 on the offensive side

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During Play

The Ball must make it over the midline in 20 seconds

Then 10 seconds to get it into the box

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Penalties 30 Sec Technical

foul

Push with possession

Offside

Interference

1 min Personal foul

Slashing

Tripping

Illegal Body Check

Cross Checking

Unsportsmanlike Conduct

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Change of Possession

Failure to advance

Lose ball push

http://images.veer.com/IMG/PIMG/CCP/CCP0006937_P.JPG

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Serving the Penalty

The player that commits the foul must spend that amount of time in the penalty box.

The team that committed the foul has to play one man short until the penalty is served

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Substitutions

Substitutions can be on the fly through the box during play or can be made during breaks in the game

If the ball goes out of bounds then the coach can call for a horn which allows then to sub on and off any players.