Reading Critically

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Chapter 1 in Gray-Rosendale

Text of Reading Critically

  • 1. A Critical Perspective:

2. ACTIVE READING is our way to communicate with the text.
UNDERSTAND WHY YOU READ THE TEXT
REFLECT ON THE TITLE
LEARN ABOUT THE AUTHOR OR TIME PERIOD
ARGUE WITH THE AUTHOR
CONCENTRATE: READ SLOWLY or OUTLOUD
ANNOTATE AS YOU READ
RECORD YOUR INITIAL REACTION IN A JOURNAL
3. There are several ways of responding to a text:
PERSONAL RESPONSE
CONTENT RESPONSE
ANALYTIC RESPONSE
EVALUATIVE RESPONSE
RESEARCH RESPONSE
Tell what you of think of the text and what you got out of it.
Summarize/paraphrase the text.
Examine & explain key points of the text, summarizing/ paraphrasing if needed.
Offer your opinion of a work and support with analysis.
Present a work in a particular context to support a larger argument.
4. Why do we need content response?
Use summary, paraphrase, and direct quotes from the original text to show what you mean when you analyze and evaluate the text or use it as a research source in your writing.
5. What is a summary?
A summary briefly and objectively restates, in your own words, the main points of a work.
It is shorter and more general than the original work.
6. Summary Requirements
Starts with the main idea of the text
In your own words
Objective
Accurate
States main points only (shorter and more general than the original)
Credits the author and the work
7. How to Write a Summary
State the main idea of the article in your own words, include the authors name and title.
Make a list of keywords that will help you remember the main points of the article.
Write a simple outline stating the main points of the essay in the order they appear.
Put away the original. Turn the outline into a summary in your own words (start with the main idea of the text). Use the keywords if necessary. Do not look at the original text.
After you are done, look at the original and check your summary for accuracy. Add or delete more info if necessary.
8. Lets practice!
Summarize Back Off on the Broccoli on page 18 using the guidelines. Start your summary with The author of the editorial Back Off on the Broccoli claims that.
9. What is a Paraphrase?
A paraphrase accurately clarifies, in your own words, the major and minor points of a works part (sentence, paragraph).
It is as long as or longer than the original work.
10. Paraphrase Requirements

  • Write in your ownwords and sentence structure

11. Be objective do not bring your own attitude 12. Be accurate stick to what the author said 13. Clarify main and minor points 14. Credits the author, the work, and the page #. 15. Do not use I in the paraphrase of other peoples words (Ignore the example from the textbook.)