Project 01 - Experiencing Construction

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  • BUILDINGCONSTRUCTION

    ASSIGNMENT ONE : EXPERIENCING CONSTRUCTION

    Tutor:AR. SATEERAH HASSAN

    Members:NG LEK YUEN 0324010NG PUI YAN 0324785MUHAMMAD ROS SYAZNAIM BIN ROSLI 0324757TING XIAO YAO 0328663ARRON GOH SWEE TIEN 0323838WAJEEHA KAHN 0328484

  • TABLE OF CONTENT

    1. Introduction and Group Member detail | NG PUI YAN

    2. Site Safety | NG PUI YAN

    3. Preliminaries Work | TING XIAO YAO

    4. Foundations | NG LEK YUEN

    5. Superstructures | NAIM ROSLI

    6. Roof | ARRON GOH

    7. Doors and Windows | ARRON GOH

    8. Summary | WAJEEHA & NG LEK YUEN

    0105101722323543

  • INTRODUCTIONby NG PUI YAN

    For this project, we were required to visibly demonstrate the subject topics covered in the syllabus through an ongoing construction site. In a group of 6, we were required to carry out an analysis as well as documentation of the site through visual images, annotated sketches and drawings. The result of the research as well as analysis are then clearly shown on this report.

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  • INTRODUCTION by NG PUI YAN

    1.1 Group Members Detail

    The tasks are efficeettly seearateed tto eessre that the centorratctoe aeed aeatlyscstobtaceeed are wett edtoisreeteed. The edetegatctoe ton ttoecis cs as ntotttows:

    Ietrtoedsitctoe ton scte aeed Scte Sanetly - Ng Psc YaePretcrcearly wtorks - Xcato YatoFtoseedatctoe - Ng Lek YseeSseerstrsitsre - Nacr RtostcDtotors, Wceedtows aeed Rtotons - Arrtoe Gtoh Swee TceeSsrrarly - Wajeeha Kahe

    (Frtor tent tto rcght: Ng Lek Ysee, Ng Psc Yae, Nacr Rtostc, Tceg Xcato Yato, Arrtoe Gtoh aeed Mr. Tae)

    1.2 Introduction to site

    Aededress:Ltot 1074, Mskcr Cheras, Daerah Hsts Laegat, Setaegtor Darst Ehsae, Tetsae Maha-jalya Prtoeertly Sede Bhed.

    Osr edtoisreeteed scte itoescsts ton 84 terraie sects (2 Fttotors Tlyee A 22 x 70) , 14 ter-raie sects (2 Fttotors Tlyee A1 22 x 70 Varces) , 1 terraie sect ( 2 Fttotors Tlyee A2 26 x 70) , 36 ttowehtosse (18 sects 2 Fttotors) - Tlyee TH (22 x 70) , 1 ttowe htosse sect (2 Fttotors ) - Tlyee TH 2 (22 x 70) , 1 eteitrciat ssbstatctoe.

    The scte itoescsts ton edcffereet itoestrsitctoe stages aiitoredceg tto the sects. Store sect htosses are at a ehase where toetly the ntoseedatctoe aeed etsrbceg wtork cs itoretet-eed aeed sto toe. The ttoetograehly ton the scte cs nacrtly flat thrtosghtost the eetcre scte.

    The edcagrar shtows the toveratt scte etae ton the toegtoceg itoestrsitctoe scte. 02

  • INTRODUCTION by NG PUI YAN

    1.3 Main Access Road

    The race aiiess rtoaed cs where rtosttly itoestrsitctoe vehcites as wett as wtorkers eeter tor teave the scte. The race eetraeie rtoaed cs raede wceder itoreareed tto tother rtoaeds tto ease the aiiess ton rsttcete vehcites at toeie.

    1.4 Temporary Welfare and Storage Area

    The wetnare as wett as sttorage area are ttoiateed etot nar nrtor the scte eetraeie. The itoestrsitctoe ratercats are arraegeed eeattly aeed est ce the sare area aiitoredceg tto the tlyees ton ratercats. Meaewhcte the teretorarly wetnare rtotor ertovcedes a shetter ntor wtorkers nrtor the scte tto rest.

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  • INTRODUCTION by NG PUI YAN

    1.6 Water Supply and Drainage

    Water sseetly sttoreed ce water taeks toe scte are ttoiateed eearbly the eetraeie ntor washceg exctceg itoestrsitctoe vehcites. Draces are atsto avactabte tto ihaeeet the wa-ter tost ton the scte.

    1.5 Construction Area

    The itoestrsitctoe area itoescstceg ton the toegtoceg bsctedceg ton the terraies are bsctt at edcffereet stages. Matercats that wtosted be sseed tto itoetcese itoestrsitceg the bsctedceg ssih as staikeed ereiast itoeirete bttoiks are etaieed ce nrtoet ton the bsctedceg. The ratercats ce nrtoet ton the bsctedceg are eeattly arraegeed ce staiks cesteaed ton beceg edsreeed ntor sanetly esretoses ton the wtorkers as wett as ceitorceg vehcites.

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  • SITE SAFETYby NG PUI YAN

    Site safety is a very crucial action in a construction site as it applies to the space as well as vehicles use during construction. Improper actions and lack of caution can lead to minor accidents todisastrous accidents. Site safety is responsible to ensure that the construction area is a safeenvironment for all workers to work in good conditions.

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  • 2.1.1 Construction Safety Signboard

    The itoestrsitctoe sanetly scge btoared cs etaieed eearbly the eetraeie ton the itoestrsitctoe scte tto ertoteit aeed rerceed wtorkers aeed the esbtci abtost thecr sanetly artoseed the scte. Geeerat sanetly reassres ssih as the ertoeer attcre as wett as sanetly reassres are shtowe toe the btoared. Er-ettolyers are ce iharge ton ertovcedceg centorratctoe tto erettolyees toe the reaeceg aeed reqscre-reets ton aely scges sseed ce the itoestrsitctoe scte, eseeicattly where text toe sseetereetarly scge-btoareds cs sseed.

    2.1.2 Scaffolding

    Siafftoteds aiicedeets iasse ae estcrateed 4,500 cejsrces aeed 50 natatctces eaih lyear. Siafftoted aiicedeets haeeee whee siafftoteds are etot ereiteed tor sseed ertoeertly therentore natt hazareds toiisr. Att nrarewtork rsst be racseed, edcsasserbteed aeed rtoedcfieed ce a shettereed waly. Ftor etatntorrs that natt tost-scede the exteet ton a bly aeed targe eeriecveed staeedared setse the etae rsst be tto ssih ae exteet that ertoteiteed ereitctoe aeed edcsasserbtceg ertoieedsres iae tckewcse be stctczeed att thrtosgh the seae ton the wtorks. Tto gsaraetee streegth ntor rtore eeretexceg nrarewtorks, edrawcegs tosght tto be ireateed aeed, where cretortaet, these raly shtosted be sseetereet-eed wcth eartcistar edcreitctoes. Aely ertoetoseed aedjsstreet tor ihaege that takes a nrarewtork tostscede the exteet ton a ntor the rtost eart eeriecveed staeedared setse tosght tto be tost-tceeed bly a skcttnst ceedcvcedsat aeed edertoestrateed bly estcra-tctoe.

    SITE SAFETY by NG PUI YAN

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  • 2.1.3 Waste Disposal

    Devettoereet wastes itoescsts ton sewaeteed ratercats erto-edsieed edcreittly tor ceicedeetattly edsrceg itoestrsitctoe tor bly the edevettoereet ton ceedsstrces. Thcs ceitoretorates bsctedceg ratercats, ntor exarete, ertoteitctoe, eacts, eteitrciat wcrceg, shcegte, aeed ratercat aeed ce aededctctoe nrtor scte etaeeceg, ntor exarete, edcggceg ratercats, tree stsres, aeed rsbbte. Devet-toereet waste raly itoetace teaed, asbesttos, tor edcffereet rcskly ssbstaeies. Msih bsctedceg waste cs itorercseed ton ratercats, ntor exarete, bttoiks, iereet aeed wtotoed harreed tor sesseed ntor edcffereet reastoes ton arced edevettoereet. Observatctoeat researih has edertoestrateed thcs iae be as hcgh as 10 tto 15% ton the ratercats that gto cetto a bsctedceg, a itoescederabtly hcgh-er rate thae the 2.5-5% geeerattly exeeiteed bly artoset ssr-velytors aeed the edevettoereet bssceess. Sceie creresscve ce-itoestaeily excsts betweee edevettoereet edestceatctoes, there cs rsih toeee edtotor ntor tesseeceg thcs waste.

    SITE SAFETY by NG PUI YAN

    2.1.4 Ladders & Stepladders

    Laededers aeed stacrwalys are aetother stosrie ton wtoseeds aeed natatctces artoeg itoestrsitctoe tabtosrers edse tto ceaeertoercate ssage ton taededers as wett as stacr-walys. The ertoeer ssage ton taededers aeed stacrwalys iae be ntotttoweed bly ee-ssrceg the itorreit teegth as wett as the itorreit tlyee ton taededer sseed at the ssctabte ttoiatctoe. Aeart nrtor that, the taededer tor the stacrwaly has tto be abte tto staly firr toe the grtoseed It cs estcrateed that there are 24,882 cejsrces aeed as raely as 36 natatctces ntor eaih lyear beiasse ton natts toe stacrwalys aeed stees stctczeed as a eart ton edevettoereet.

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  • SITE SAFETY by NG PUI YAN

    2.1.5 Material Storage On Site

    Everly itoestrsitctoe scte reqscres a seaie tto sttore the ratercats toe scte. Ae ceaeertoercate sttorage area wtosted teave the ratercats ex-etoseed tto thent bly seasthtorcseed treseassers, itoetarceatctoe. Sane aeed efficeet ratercats sttorage edeeeeeds toe gtotoed ito-toeeratctoe aeed ito-toredceatctoe betweee everlytoee cevtotveed ceitsedceg, itceet, itoetraittors, sseetcers aeed the itoestrsitctoe traedes. Ae aeertoercate sttorage area wctt have edescgeateed sttorage areas ntor etaet, ratercats, waste, flarrabte ssbstaeies, exarete: ntoar etastcis, flar-rabte tcqsceds aeed gases ssih as ertoeaee aeed hazaredtoss ssbstaeies ntor ex eestcicedes aeed tcrber treatreet iherciats.

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  • SITE SAFETY ( PLANTS AND MACHINERY ) by NG PUI YAN

    2.2.1 Excavator

    Ae exiavattor iae etost raely threats ce the itoestrsitctoe scte cn ct cs haeedteed bly the wrtoeg haeeds. The race hazareds iasseed bly the exiavattor cs whee ct cs rtovceg, where ct raly have the etoteetcat tto strcke a eeedestrcae, eartcistartly whcte ct cs reversceg. Stewceg raly atsto toiisr wherebly the eerstoe wctt be traeeeed betweee the exiavattor aeed the fixeed strsitsre tor vehc-ite. Therentore the eerstoe itoetrtottceg the exiavattor has tto be traceeed itoreeteet aeed asthtor-cseed tto toeerate the seeicfii exiavattor. As wett as beceg itoreeteet aeed asthtorcseed tto edcreit exiavattor rtovereets.

    2.2.2 Bulldozer

    Bsttedtozers are edescgeeed tto ist aeed essh targe qsaetctces ton ratercat ce a ratter ton seitoeeds. Wcth thecr eetorrtoss scze, thely iae iasse serctoss cejsrly aeed evee edeath, cn etot toeerateed ertoe-ertly. A bsttedtozer iae etost raely threats ce the itoestrsitctoe scte cn ct cs haeedteed bly the wrtoeg haeeds. The eegcee shtosted be starteed toetly whee seateed toe the toeerattors seat aeed whee the eath cs itear ton wtorkers, tobjeits aeed tother tobstrsitctoes. Bsttedtozers shtosted be keet awaly nrtor toverheaed etower tcees.

    2.2.3 Crane Lift

    A iraee cs a tlyee ton raihcee, geeerattly eqsceeeed wcth a htocst rtoee, wcre rtoees tor ihaces, aeed sheaves, that iae be sseed btoth tto tcnt aeed ttower ratercats aeed tto rtove ther htorcztoetat-tly. Ctoetrtotters shtosted take att eraitciabte stees tto eessre that iraees are ce a sane itoeedctctoe aeed are toeerateed sanetly. Thely shtosted eessre that thely seedergto regstar ceseeitctoes aeed ertoe-er raceteeaeie. Tto eessre sanetly whcte ssceg iraee tcnt toe scte, the iraee shtosted be wtorkceg toe a stabte grtoseed as wett as iarrlyceg the ssctabte artoset ton wecght. Lasttly, the iraee tcnt shtosted be racetaceeed bly gettceg iheik ses nrtor tcre tto tcre tto eessre that the vehcite cs stctt nseitctoe.

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  • PRELIMINARY WORKSby TING XIAO YAO

    Preliminary works in a construction means all activities and preparation that has to becarried out before the main construction work commences in order for it to go smoothly.

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  • PRELIMINARY WORKS by TING XIAO YAO

    3.1 Site Clearance

    Scte itearaeie cs the itoreststorly ertoieedsre tto rertove aely tobstrsitceg etereets ssih as vegetatctoe ntoseed toe scte tto ereeare ntor exiavatctoe tor strsitsre bsctedceg. It cevtotves:

    - Dertotctctoe aeed rertovat ton excstceg bsctedcegs aeed strsitsres.- Grsbbceg tost ton bsshes aeed trees.- Rertove the ttoe stoct tto reedsie tevets.

    STEP 1. Fcrst, vegetatctoe cs rertoveed. A bsttedtozer cs sse tto sertotot the trees.

    STEP 2. Thee, the bsttedtozer cs sseed tto rertove the iteareed vegetatctoe nrtor the scte. The sertototeed trseks aeed ttotose rtoiks are essheed ttowared a itotteitctoe etocet. Tatter aeed heavcer trseks that iaeetot be essheed bly the bsttedtozer are ttoweed awaly bly aetother raihceerly. Exiavattorrertovceg ttoestoct toe scte.

    STEP 3.Next, the ttoestoct at 30ir cs rertoveed beiasse ct itoetaces edeialyceg torgaeci ratter aeed rtotots. Thcs eart ton the stoct cs sestabte as a itoestrsitctoe ratercat ntor ntoseedatctoe aeed strsitsre bsctedceg.

    STEP 4.Lasttly, exiavate the edescreed edeeth aeed traesetort thettoestoct tto aetother seaie as ct iae be resseed tater.

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  • PRELIMINARY WORKS by TING XIAO YAO

    3.2 Site Leveling

    A ertoiess where earth cs rtoveed nrtor toee etaie tto aetother tto tevet the grtoseed. ist cs whee the earth cs rertoveed nrtor the ttoe whcte fitt cs whee a htote ce the grtoseed cs fitteed.

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  • PRELIMINARY WORKS by TING XIAO YAO

    3.3 Setting Out

    Settceg tost, Atsto ketowe as Ctoestrsitctoe Ssrvelyceg tor Stakceg, cs the aitcvctly ton talyceg edtowe rarkers tor ceedciattors that wctt eeabte the etaeeceg aeed tto iteartly edefiee the exiavatctoe btoseedarces aeed grtoseed tcees. Settceg tost cs sssattly iarrceed tost ce raely itoestrsitctoe erto-jeits, etot tcrcteed tto bsctedcegs, bst atsto rtoaeds, eceetcees, aeed itoeirete nrares. Phlysciat neatsres that aeeear toe the etae are rarkeed tost. ce toreder tto itorreittly ttoiate ther.

    A itotoredceate slyster cs sseed ce toreder tto iarrly tost these ssrvelys. A seeicatcst ssrvelytor wctt sse thcs itotoredceate slyster tto ntorr a grced that wctt reereseet the rtows aeed itotsres ton the watts ton the basci strsitsre. Thcs iae be tobserveed ce the ecitsre tto the tent.

    Settceg Ost Aeed Cheikceg Methtoeds

    STEP 1:Estabtcsh a basetcee nrtor whcih the whtote ton the bsctedceg iae be set tost. The etosctctoe ton thcs tcee rsst be iteartly rarkeed toe scte sto that ct iae be re-estabtcsheed at aelytcre.

    STEP 2:Set tost the race tcees ton bsctedceg, eaih itoreer beceg rarkeed wcth a sttost eeg.

    STEP 3:A iheik shtosted etow be raede ton the set-tceg-tost tcees ntor rcght aegtes aeed itoeeeit teegths.

    STEP 4:Prtofite btoareds are set se at att treeih aeed watt ceterseitctoes.Tlyeciat Prtofite Btoareds

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  • PRELIMINARY WORKS by TING XIAO YAO

    3.4 Earthworks

    Settceg tost, Atsto ketowe as Ctoestrsitctoe Ssrvelyceg tor Stakceg, cs the aitcvctly ton talyceg edtowe rarkers tor ceedciattors that wctt eeabte the etaeeceg aeed tto iteartly edefiee the exiavatctoe btoseedarces aeed grtoseed tcees. Settceg tost cs sssattly iarrceed tost ce raely itoestrsitctoe erto-jeits, etot tcrcteed tto bsctedcegs, bst atsto rtoaeds, eceetcees, aeed itoeirete nrares. Phlysciat neatsres that aeeear toe the etae are rarkeed tost. ce toreder tto itorreittly ttoiate ther.

    A itotoredceate slyster cs sseed ce toreder tto iarrly tost these ssrvelys. A seeicatcst ssrvelytor wctt sse thcs itotoredceate slyster tto ntorr a grced that wctt reereseet the rtows aeed itotsres ton the watts ton the basci strsitsre. Thcs iae be tobserveed ce the ecitsre tto the tent.

    Earthwtork iheiktcst ce Bsctedceg Ctoestrsitctoe:

    1. Services Connection

    Bentore startceg earthwtork rake ssre there are eto servcies tcee ssih as eteitrciat itoeeeitctoe, water sseetly aeed edraceage itoeeeitctoe, teteehtoee tcee eti. bettow grtoseed.

    2. Benchmark

    Mark lytosr edescreed tevet ce a eerraeeet etaie. Ytostt eeeed thcs rark thrtosgh the ertojeit edsratctoe.

    3. Side-slope in excavation

    Dsrceg earth exiavatctoe iheik that sttoee cs racetaceeed ce scede-sttoee.

    4. Base soil

    Cheik the base stoct, toe whcih bsctedcegs ntoseedatctoe wctt rest, cs hared eetosgh. Ytos raly itoesstt getoteiheciat eegceeer that the base stoct cs eerneit ntor nsrther wtork exeistctoe.

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  • PRELIMINARY WORKS by TING XIAO YAO

    5. Excavation area

    Cheik the exiavatctoe area cs exteeedeed belytoeed the ntoseedatctoe ton bsctedceg ntor easly rtovceg edsrceg wtork exeistctoe.

    Cteaeceg ton ntoseedatctoe beed: Cheik that ttotose aeed edcsetaies ratercats are iteaeeed nrtor the ntoseedatctoe beed.

    Dsre trsiks are etorrattly sseed cesteaed ton siraeers whe...