Private higher institutions of learning

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INTRODUCTION Private higher education institutions were officially recognised in Malaysia in 1996 with the enactment of the Private Higher Education Institutions Act (PHEIA) 1996 and the amendments made to the Universities and University Colleges Act (UUCA) 1971 and the Education Act 1961the government encourage private institutions to play a more active role in the higher education sector through various policy and regulatory amendments (see Lee, 2004a)Private higher institution include private university, college university, private college, foreign university branch campus Programme offer like in public education institution but more costly 3. 196019701980198019901985 In 1960 more focus on preparing student for STPM, also provide associate programme, diploma, external examination in UK (LLB, CIT, ACCA) Private college were Yayasan Anda, Goon Institute, Maktab Adabi. 4. 1970s, private institutions existed predominantly as second chance schools for students who failed to obtain admission into the mainstream public higher education institutions (Lee, 2004a: 19).1985, the private institutions only captured a small portion of the higher education market of 8.9%.1990s, the market share of private institutions increased tremendously, hitting an all-time record of 45.7% in 2006.1992,156 institutions , 514 private higher education institutions and about 30 of these institutions are operating under the status of a university or university college (Lee, 2004a; MOHE, 2008) 5. In 1980, big companies started to show interest in education industry Eg: Stamford College, Taylors College -provide preparatory programme: A-level, Australian Matriculation (AUSMAT), Canadian Tertiary EducationIn 1990, -Introduction of LAN (National Accreditation Board) & MQF(Malaysian Qualification Agency) -Overseas education establish by local private institution -Setting up campus of foreign university in Malaysia -Interest of Malaysias Government-Link Companies (GLC)-UTP, UNITEN, MMU 6. Study in Private Institution CERTIFICATEDIPLOMA-open to all students -most private college in MalaysiaDEGREE-Open to all students -The student must pass in matriculation, diploma level or STPMPREPARATORY PROGRAMME -open to all students -eg: INTEC, Taylor College -best students get scholarship - The course is more focus on critical course 7. Graduate Programs in Malaysia 3 main categories: -Taught Master (MAs / MScs / MEng) - Research Masters ( MRes / MA by Research) - Doctorates and PhDs Master program generally last 1 to 5 years while PhD taking up 4 years to complete.Postgraduate courses at both public and private universities in Malaysia are usually taught in English. 8. Categories of Private Higher Institutions ( PHEIs)Nonuniversity status Private College Private InstitutionUniversity Status Private Universities Private University College Foreign Branch Campus Universities 9. Types of Qualifications Awarded By Private Universities and University CollegeBy private collegeAwarding internal or self-made certificate and diploma qualifications Conducting foreign university collaboration degree programmes Preparing students for external professional examinationsAwarding their own degree qualificationsBy Foreign Branch Campus UniversitiesAwarding identical degree qualifications as the host university overseas 10. Curriculum ApproachExternal Professional ExaminationBachelor Degree Programmes from Universities in the UK, USA, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Germany and France Professional Associations (ACCAUK, CIMA-UK, ICSA-UK) Semi-Professional Examination Bodies (IBBM, LCCIEB-UK, NCCUK) External Academic Programmes at postsecondary level (GCE A Level - UK, SAM Australia, Canadian Pre-U) External English Programmes (University of Cambridge Local Examination Syndicate) Split Degree Arrangement 3+0 Entire Degree Arrangement 11. -Some private institution are provide for specific course 12. Private institution that provide foreign pre-university qualifications :Taylor's University CollegeHELP University CollegeSunway University CollegeKolej Tunku Abdul RahmanInstitute of Science & Management, TawaKBU International CollegeKolei Tunku Ja'afarMethodist College Kuala LumpurStamford College 13. Taylor's University College One of the world's largest pre-university centers providing uncompromised British, Australian and Canadian education. It has been acknowledged as the biggest independent centre in the world for the Cambridge A Levels and South Australian Matriculation programme. The university college also runs the largest and most successful South Australian Matriculation (SAM) programme besides offering the International Canadian Pre-University (ICPU) programme. 14. 1/2/2014 15. HELP University College Edexcel International accorded the Centre of Excellence award for the exceptional delivery of the London Examinations GCE A Levels. This is in recognition of HELP'S superior facilities, outstanding quality of teaching by qualified and experienced lecturers, and the excellent pastoral support available for their students. Currently, HELP is the largest centre for the London GCE A Level examination outside the UK. 16. 1/2/2014 17. Sunway University College The largest provider of AUSMAT in Malaysia and also has the largest Year 12 student population among all Western Australian schools providing students with the internationally recognized TEE qualification for University Entrance. Sunway University College is the only higher educational institution in Malaysia to provide the MUFY (Monash University Foundation Year) programme on behalf of Monash University, Melbourne, Australia. Its students who pursued the Cambridge GCE A Levels are now studying at top universities and colleges such as: Cambridge, Oxford, Imperial College London, London School of Economics, Durham, Southampton, Harvard, Princeton, Duke, California Institute of Technology, Boston, Stanford, Sydney, Melbourne, Auckland, Monash, Nati onal University of Singapore and Osaka 18. PHEIs offer 7 type of Pre-university Programmes Pre-University QualificationCountry of Origin1Sijil Tinggi PersekolahanMalaysia2University of Cambridge International Examinations (CIE) for A and AS LevelsUK3Edexcel International for London Examination GCE A LevelsUK4South Australian Matriculation (SAM)Australia5Western Australian Matriculation (AUSMAT)Australia6New South Waies High School Certificate (Year 12)Australia7Canadian Pre-Universally Programme (CPU)Canada 19. Application to a PHEI PHEIs have been preparing students for tertiary education at top universities worldwide since the 1970s. These private institutions offer a full range of internationally recognized pre-university programmes. PHEI offers Pre-university studies in Malaysia for upper secondary school leavers with SPM (Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia) qualifications Students with SPM / Senior Middle III / STPM / GCE 'O' Levels / GCE 'A' Levels or other equivalent qualifications must APPLY DIRECTLY to the institutions concerned. 20. The enrolment into public universities at the diploma and Bachelor's degree levels, there is no centralized enrolment agency that governs the intake of students into private institutions. However, students are advised to check with the governing authority of private higher education i.e. Sector of Private Higher Education Management of MOHE as to whether the prospective institution is authorized or approved by the Ministry. PHEIs' programmes are offered to different levels of students and will lead to the award of a Certificate, Diploma or Degree qualification. There are also a number of PHEIs that conduct postgraduate degrees at Master's and PhD levels 21. Private institutions(PHEIs) No centralized enrolment agencyPublic universities Centralized enrolment agency that governs the intake of students into Government's Universities 22. Academic Qualifications Required in Gaining Admission into PHEIs PHEIs will require some basic academic qualifications from applicants before considering their applications for the respective study programmes. The general entry requirement to pursue Diploma programmes is SPM or GCSE O Level with a minimum of 3 credits, whereas students with STPM qualifications or its equivalent such as GCE A Levels, University Foundation Programme, SAM, and CPU are allowed to enter Year 1 of an undergraduate programme. 23. English Proficiency Standard for admission into PHEIs Proficiency in the English language is a basic requirement by PHEIs. Students are expected to have adequate knowledge and understanding of English, as this is the language of instruction at the private colleges and universities. Various international examinations such as GCE 1119, MUET (Malaysia University English Test), TOEFL and IELTS are generally accepted for Bachelor's degree programmes. 24. Proficiency TestMinimum Scores for First Degree ProgrammesTOEFL173 to 250 on a new computer administered test (equivalent to o score of 500 to 600 on the old paperbased test format)IELTS6.0 to 7.0MUETBand 3 to 6 25. THE DIFFERENT BETWEEN PRIVATE AND PUBLIC HIGHER INSTITUTION 26. Education in Malaysia Primary and Secondary EducationPost-secondary EducationTertiary Education Primary education (a period of 6 years) and secondary education (5 years encompasses 3 years of lower secondary and 2 years of upper secondary) Upon completion of secondary education, students can opt to pursue 1 to 2 years of postsecondary education. This is the university entrance preparatory course. institutions of higher learning offer courses leading to the awards of certificate, diploma, first degree and higher degree qualifications . The duration of study for a basic bachelor degree programme is 3 years and the courses of study at this level are provided by both the public and private education sectors, attracting many international students. 27. Public Institutions of Higher LearningTertiary Edu