Verb TensesPast, Present and FutureBy Zhian F Asaad
Three Tenses of Verbs
TYPES OF TENSES3 TYPES:PresentPastFuture4 ASPECTS:SimpleContinuousPerfectPerfect Continuous
Present Tense VerbsActions that happen now or todayWhen you are referring to habitual actions that you always or never do.
As: He always comes late to class.When you are referring to unchanging truths. As: The sun rises in the east.When you are making general statements of fact As: They are friendly.
simple present tenseIndicators
The Present Perfect is Used:When an activity happened at an unspecified time in the past (before the present)When an activity has been repeated several times before nowWhen an activity was very recently completed before nowWhen an activity is not completed in the past
Present Perfect TenseExamples(unspecified time before now) They have already seen that movie.(repeated activity before now) We have visited New York City many times.(an action has recently been completed before now) I have just eaten.(action not completed in the past) I have studied Spanish for many years.
Present Perfect TenseIndicators
The Present Progressive Tense is Used:When an activity is in progress now at the moment of speakingWhen an activity began before now and continues into the future without stopping.When an activity is temporary.When an activity is developing and changing.
Present Progressive TenseIndicators
Right now, at this moment
This year, week, month, etc.
As we speak
Past Tense VerbsThis is used:when an event has already happened. For historical or past information:Malcolm X said, If you dont stand for something, youll fall for anything(Completed action in the past). (Past habit) She always wrote a letter to her mother on Sunday night.
Simple Past TenseIndicators
Last night, week, year, month, Saturday, semester, etc.
USE PAST PERFECT TENSE (the past form of have (had) with a past participle verb form)For an earlier action that is mentioned after a later action: Marvin bought the car that he had seen advertised in the paper. (First, he saw it; then he bought it.)
Past ProgressiveThis tense is used to refer to activities continuously in progress around a time in the past.Example: They were eating when the taxi arrived.Form: was or were + verbing
Past Perfect ProgressiveThis tense is used when an activity was continuously in progress before a specific time in the past. Example: I had been thinking about her before she called.Form: had + been + verbing
Future TenseThis is when an event has not taken place yet.
The future has not yet happened, but we know it will.
Future tense verbsMany verbs have the helping verb will in front of them to show they will be happening.Clue words to look for are: tomorrow, some day, next time, or next week.
Examples:Will play will lead will be happyWill have will eat will like
USE FUTURE PERFECT TENSE (the auxiliary will have or shall have with a past participle verb form)used to describe an event that is expected or planned to happen before a time of reference in thefuture: By 2020, I shall have graduated from college.
Future Progressive TenseThis tense is used to refer to activities that will be continuously in progress around some future time.Example: We will be flying over New York at noon tomorrow.Form: will + be + verbing
Future Perfect ProgressiveThis tense is used to refer to activities that will be continuously in progress before a future time.Example: He will have been working for 3 hours before you arrive.Form: will + have + been + verbing
Which tense is this sentence written in?
I watched Coronation Street last night on TV.
I watched Coronation Street last night on TV.The sentence is written in the PAST tense. We know this because the ED is added on to WATCH.
Which tense is this sentence written in? I am going to the cinema at the weekend with my friends to watch a film.
I am going to the cinema at the weekend with my friends to watch a film. This sentence is written in the FUTURE tense. We know this because the verb GOING is used the action of the verb (going) shows the topic of the sentence hasnt happened yet.
On a Sunday, I get up at 10.30 am and make myself a cup of tea in my favourite cup. This sentence is written in the PRESENT tense. If we were to change the sentence to PAST, then the verbs would be changed get becomes got, make becomes made. What would the verbs be if the sentence was written in the future tense?
If we change the sentence to future tenseOn Sunday, I will get up at 10.30 am and I will make myself a cup of tea in my favourite cup. The action of the verb has changed. Instead of I get up as in present tense, and I got up in past tense, in future I will get up.
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