a study on plant classification, germination, pollination, transpiration, respiration, & photosynthesis
- 1. Classification & Processes
2. PLANTS: How are plants divided up? How are they related? How
are they different? Nomenclature:(naming of species) 3. PLANTS
Nonvascular Vascular Mosses Lichens NOT A PLANT: Fungi/ mushrooms
SEEDS NO-SEEDS Angiosperms Gymnosperms Monocots Dicots Conifers
NO-SEEDS Ferns Horsetails 4.
- Nonvascular plants(lacking vessels), short & delicate
- 1. cling to damp soil, rocks, shady trees
- 2. are tiny plants (1-2 inches tall)
- 3. leaves are only 1-2 cells thick
- 4. anchored withrhizoids(hair-like fibers)-not roots.
- 5. seedless; grow fromspores
- a)lichens : grow on tree; looks like scales/shells
- b)fungi/mushrooms : grow on the ground
6. http://morelsandmore.com/Morchella%20esculenta%2023.jpg 7.
- II.Vascular: having vessels, divided into Seedless &
SEEDLESS SEEDS Vascular 8. B.SEEDLESS : do not have seeds;use
spores to reproduce, grow tall & thick EXAMPLE:fern
9. SEEDS: GYMNOSPERMS ANGIOSPERMS Gymnosperms(naked seed);
noflowers; oldest kind of seed plants,they like cold/dry
climates,use sexual reproduction,produce seeds on female cones
- Angiosperms(flowering) produceflowers, form the largests
division in plantkingdom; live lots of places/climates
- form seeds inside their fruits
- Use sexual reproduction/pollination
- Examples: fruits, vegetables, grains, most nuts
- Have a seed leaf or COTYLEDONS (2 kinds)
Angiosperms MONOCOTS DICOTS 12.
- Monocotshave one cotyledon, (corn, rice, wheat, grasses)
- Dicotshave 2 cotyledons (bean plant, roses, cacti)
13. Plant Parts: What are the parts of a plant? What are their
jobs? 14. What parts do you know?What do they do for the plant?
- Parts of a plant:What are they for?
- Makes more of the plant (babies)
- Takes in water, anchors it, stops erosion
- Holds up plant, water up & down
- Makes food for the plant, breathes
- Attracts a pollinator to make a seed
15. 16. Plant Life cycle 17. What do plants need to survive?
water Air(carbon dioxide) Soil (minerals) sunlight 18.
- Germinationprocess by which a seed sprouts
- Pollinationprocess of spreading pollen to fertilize a flowers
egg to make a seed
- Transpirationleaves releasing water into the air
- Respiration leaves releasing oxygen
- Photosynthesisplants turn sunlight into food
19. PLANT PARTS: SeedsLINK (Seamon ppt) RootsLINK (Seamon ppt)
LeavesLINK (Seamon ppt) StemLINK (Seamon ppt) FlowersLINK (Seamon
ppt) 20. 1. Chlorophyll absorbs light from the sun 2. Suns energy
splits water molecule into hydrogen & oxygen 3. Hydrogen
joinscarbon dioxide tomake food(sugar/glucose) 4. Sugar carried
through the plant; oxygen is released into the air 6 6 6
PHOTOSYNTHESIS H 2 O O 2 CO 2 = + + C 6H 12O 6 MOVE 21. O O O C C C
C C C O O O C C C C C C 22. O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O H H H H H
H H H H H H H 23. Biodiversity Video Biology:Plants (17 min) Plant
parts elem.Video(2 min) TheEcotreeLINK The Wild ClassroomLINK
- Leaves:Identify & graph your collection into journal; view
& draw fern spores; Answer questions in Plant Journal.
- Flowers:identify & draw 5 local spring flowers on white
paper.Glue into journal. Roots:identify fibrous & taproots;
draw 7 label root parts in journal;Answer questions in Plant
- Seeds:seed dissection:label 3 parts of the seed into journal;
observe pine nuts in pinecones-- sketch into journal;Answer
questions in Plant Journal.
- Stems:Compare three different types of bark.Notice the color
& texture.How do the grains run?Is there a pattern?Create a
bark rubbing with a dark crayon (rubbed sideways).Sketch the three
- RULES:BE GENTLE WITH THE LEAVES.They are fragile!
- What kinds of leaves are in your envelope?___________,
______________, _______________, _______________,
- Write how many of each kinds of leaves on the lines above.
- Sketch one of the leaves, labeling the blade, veins,
- What are the three processes performed by the leaves forthe
plant._______________, ______________, _______________
- What is the difference between a simple leaf and a compound
Header: Leaf Bank:oak, maple, dogwood, elm, beech, redbud,
- RULES:BE CAREFUL DISSECTING THE SEEDS.
- What is the purpose of a seed?
- What is the process of a seed sprouting into a young plant?
- How do seedstravel?
- What is the difference between a monocot & a dicot?
- Sketch the following parts of your dissected lima beanseeds:
(seed coat, cotyledon, small embryo)
- Name 5 seeds that we eat.__________________
- RULES:BE GENTLE WITH THE ROOTS.They are wilting!
- What is the purpose of a root for a plant?
- What part of the root that carries water up the plant?
- What part of the root carries water & nutrients down the
- Sketch & label the roots you have in your station into your
journal.(root hairs, rootcap, fibrous root, taproot)
- What is the difference between a fibrous root anda taproot?
- Name some roots that we eat. ________________________
- RULES:BE GENTLE WITH THE BARK SPECIMENS.
- What is the purpose of a stem for a plant?
- Compare three different types of bark.Notice the color &
texture.How do the grains run?Is there a pattern?Sketch the three
- What is a vine?___________________________________
- What is a runner? __________________________________
Header: 29. FLOWER Dissection Dissect your flower, sketch and
label the following parts. Male partsBLUE Stamen Anther pollen
Female partsRED Pistil Stigma Ovary:Egg OTHER: Sepals Petals