Plagiarism&bibliography 201 8th grade- 8-11

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Text of Plagiarism&bibliography 201 8th grade- 8-11

  • 1. Plagiarism 201

2. Core Message
Use others information honestly and ethically
What does this mean?
Never cut and paste
Never copy always paraphrase unless you use quotation marks and cite
Cite, cite, cite parenthetical & Works Cited
3. A refresher on plagiarism
http://www.youtube.com/user/jmacias8
Did you learn a new word?
Collusion
Complete plagiarism
Partialplagiarism
Word Switch
4. What the surveys show.
2008 Donald McCabe/Rutgers U. study
95% of high school students say they have cheated during their schooling
64% report one or more instances of serious testing/cheating (copying from someone else, helping someone else cheat, using cheat sheets)
58% acknowledged one or more instances of plagiarism
90% cheat on homework
5. More surveys
Denise Pope/Stanford U.
80% of honors and AP students cheat they have the most to lose
Josephson Institute of Ethics
65% of athletes admit to cheating varsity level in football, baseball, basketball; in womens sport = softball
Less than 2% of cheaters get caught and only 1% are punished
6. Think About This
if you think you have to cheat in order to succeed, then your choice is between not cheating and not succeeding.If, on the other hand, you believe you can succeed without cheating, though it may be harder, theres a much greater chance you will resist the temptation. (Michael Josephson)
7. Cheating and plagiarism are on the rise.Why is that?
The internet Isnt all the stuff on there free to use?Without attributing it to anybody?
It makes plagiarism simple, easy and anonymous.
2. High profile adults acting badly
Adults are not providing a moral compass.
8. One culprit KaavyaViswanathan
The story breaks
http://archives.nbclearn.com/portal/site/k-12/collectionnavigator?cuecard=2094
Interview with Katie Couric
http://archives.nbclearn.com/portal/site/k-12/collectionnavigator?cuecard=2194
9. Academic Honesty
When you say you did the work yourself, you actually did it.
When you rely on someone elses work, you cite it.
When you use someone elses words, you quote them openly and accurately, and you cite them, too.
10. Bottom Line
Producing a collage of found passages and ideas from the internet, with no original sentences and no sustained thought, means you have not learned a thing.
Plagiarism is more than a moral issue you dont learn if you dont do the work.
11. What do you think?
Problem:
Solution:
12. Avoiding Plagiarism
3 steps to follow:
Step 1 Take good notes
Step 2 Paraphrase
Step 3 Cite your sources
13. Step 1 - Taking Good Notes
Read all the way through the information first.
Highlight whats important for your topic.
Use bullets for the most important pieces of information.
Never take notes in complete sentences.
14. Step 2 - Paraphrasing
Paraphrasing is restating the main ideas from an information source in your own words, while giving credit to the creator of the idea or information.
Paraphrasing indicates that you have understood what you read, since you can re-state the information in your own words.
Rule of thumb never more than 4 consecutive words.
15. Practice Note-Taking
Of the more than 1000 bicycling deaths each year, three-fourths are caused by head injuries.Half of those killed are school-age children.One study concluded that wearing a bike helmet can reduce the risk of head injury by 85 percent.In an accident, a bike helmet absorbs the shock and cushions the head.
(Bike Helmets: Unused Lifesavers.Consumer Reports May 1990:348. Print.)
What facts would you pick out?
16. Bulleted Notes
1000 bicycling deaths/year
school-age children
deaths caused by head injuries
Bike helmet reduce risk 85%
Helmet absorbs shock/cushions
17. Paraphrasing Practice
Notes:
1000 bicycling deaths/year
school-age children
deaths caused by head injuries
Bike helmet reduce risk 85%
Helmettakes shock/cushions
Paraphrase:
The use of a helmet is the key to reducing bicycling fatalities, which are due to head injuries 75% of the time.By cushioning the head upon impact, a helmet can reduce accidental injury by as much as 85%, saving the lives of hundreds of victims annually, half of whom are school children.
18. What is important here?
Turnitin.com is a plagiarism detection service to which many high schools and colleges subscribe.When a student paper is submitted electronically, Turnitin checks for plagiarism and returns a color-coded version of the paper with questionable passages highlighted.Turnitin states that 30% of the papers submitted contain some form of plagiarism.
Turnitin checks papers against their database of 12 billion web pages, 40 million student papers, and over 10,000 major news sources. Turnitin can be used as a teaching tool or as punishment.Some schools allow students to run their papers through Turnitin before they are graded.
19. Bulleted Notes
Turnitin=subscription servicethat looks for plagiarized passages or papers
Checks electronically against websites, news publications and wire services, and other student papers
Highlights suspicious sections
Finds instances of plagiarism 30% of the time
Used to teach students about plagiarism
Used to catch plagiarists
20. Paraphrasing Practice
Turnitin=subscription servicethat looks for plagiarized passages or papers
Checks electronically against websites, news publications and wire services, and other student papers
Highlights suspicious sections
Finds instances of plagiarism 30% of the time
Used to teach students about plagiarism
Used to catch plagiarists
Turnitin.com is a subscription service that is used by high schools and colleges to find plagiarism in student papers.The service checks each student paper against internet websites, news publications and wire services and other student papers.Turnitin finds suspicious sections 30% of the time and highlights those passages.Turnitin is sometimes used to teach students about plagiarism ,and sometimes it is used to catch plagiarists.
21. Homework
Tonight I would like for you to spend ten minutes working through a tutorial on plagiarism and citing sources created by the Vaughan Memorial Library at Acadia University.
You Quote It, You Note It!
http://library.acadiau.ca/tutorials/plagiarism/
22. Bibliography 201
23. Step 3 Citing Your Sources
You must give credit for any information you use that does not come out of your own head.
2 ways to cite your sources:
Parenthetical citations = In-Text citations
Bibliography or Works Cited
24. ParentheticalCitations
Citing sources within the body of your paper giving credit where credit is due INSIDE your writing!
Inside parentheses, include author name and page number(authors last name page number).You will notice there is no comma between author and page.
You are indicating specifically which information came from which source
Each parenthetical citation should refer clearly to one of the items in the Works Cited list at the end of your paper.
Works Cited is the title of your list of sources
25. What a parenthetical citation looks like:
Harper Lee used her father, A. C. Lee, as the model for Atticus Finch in To Kill A Mockingbird.When he was just 29 years old, he defended two black men accused of murder.He lost the case but illustrated that he was a humane, fair-minded man (Shields 93).
26. From the Works Cited page:
Shields, Charles J.I Am Scout: The Biography of Harper Lee.New York: Henry Holt & Co., 2008. Print.
27. Parenthetical Citations
Term paper mills and cheat sites have multiplied alarmingly over the last several years.In 1999 there were only 36 such sites, but by the end of 2006 there were more than 250 sites (Gilmore 16). The names of the paper mills say a lot about content and their intended subscribers Echeat.com,Cheathouse.com, Fratfiles.com, Schoolsucks.com (Lathrop 188).Each site makes promises about what you will get for your money.ItchyBrainsCentral promises that the papers are 100% custom written by professional and experienced academic writers (Gilmore 16).Because of this, the papers are expensive, and, if you want the sources used in writing the paper, it will cost you even more.An editor at the New York Times ordered a term paper from three different paper mills.All promised A grade papers that were completely non-plagiarized.Prices ranged from $9.95 a page to several hundred dollars, and all three papers were created by borrowing from internet websites(McGrath n.pag.).
28. Works Cited
Gilmore, Barry. Plagiarism: Why It Happens, How To Prevent It.Portsmouth:Heineman, 2008.Print.
Lathrop,Ann, and Kathleen Foss.Guiding Students From Cheating and Plagiarism to Honesty and Integrity.Westport: Libraries Unlimited, 2005.Print.
McGrath, Charles.At $9.95 a Page, You Were Expecting Poetry?New York
Times 10 Sept. 2008: n. pag.NewsBank Access World News.Web.3 Sept.
2008.
29. Now you do it!
Put the three passages into a logical order.
Add an in-text citation at the end of each paragraph with the special pen.
Use the Works Cited page to determine what goes inside the parentheses.
30. Green Blue RedThe citizens of Monroeville, Harper Lees hometown, were proud of her success.A quote from the Monroe Journal, the local newspaper, sums up the local reaction: Everybody, but everybody, is looking forward to publicationof Nelle Harper Lees book, To Kill A MockingbirdIts wonderful.T