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Peer Gynt PPT

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Analysis extrinsic element in drama.

Text of Peer Gynt PPT

  • 1. THE EXTRINSIC ELEMENT ANALYSISPRESENTED BY:11.Putri Nurul Hidayati 2.Herzul Arifin 01/12/14

2. The playwrights life experiences are poured in the play The struggle of Peer Gynt to fight his bad attitude becomes good attitude and The loyalty of a women to wait a man in her life.01/12/142 3. The Peer Gynt is a five-act play by the Norwegiandramatist, Henrik Ibsen. He wrote this play in 1867. It was written in the Bokml dialect of Norwegian and isone of the most widely performed Norwegian plays. Ibsen believed Peer Gynt that the several of thecharacters are modelled from Ibsen's own family, notably his parents Knud Ibsen and Marichen Altenburg. He was also inspired by Peter Christen Asbjrnsen's collection of Norwegian fairy tales, published in 1845.01/12/143 4. THE SYNOPSIS Peer Gynt is the son of the once rich and highly regarded Jon Gynt, who had become a drunkard and lost all his money, leaving Peer and his mother se to live in poverty. Peer wants to restore what his father had wrecked, but gets lost in boasting and day-dreams. He is involved in a fight and carries off the bride, Ingrid of Hgstad, on her wedding-day. He is outlaned and has to flee from the parish. During his flight he meets three amorous dairy-maids, the woman clad in green, the daughter of the old man of the Dovre Mountains, whom he wants to marry, and Bygen (the great obstacle). 01/12/144 5. Solveig, whom Peer met at the Hgstad wedding, and fell in love with, comes to his cabin in the forest to live with him, but he leaves her and goes on his travels. He is away for many years, takes part in various occupations and plays various roles including that of a businessman engaged in shady enterprises on the coast of Morocco, wanders through the desert, passes the Memnon and the Sphinx, becomes a Bedouin chief and a prophet, tries to seduce Anitra, daughter of a Bedouin, and ends up as a guest in the madhouse in Cairo, where he is hailed as emperor. When at laston hisway home as an old man, he is ship wrecked. Among those on board he has met the Strange Passenger, who wants to make use of his corpse to find out where dream shave their seat. 01/12/145 6. Back home in the parish, he attends a peasant funeral and an auction where he offers for sale everything from his earlier life. He also meets the Button-moulder, who maintains that Peer's soul must be melted down with other faulty goods unless he can explain when and where in life he has been "himself", and the Lean one, who believes he cannot be accounted a real sinner who can be sent to hell. Peer, in ever greater despair, reaches Solveig, who has been waiting for him in the cabin ever since he left. She tells him that he has always been himself in her belief, hope and love. 01/12/146 7. 01/12/147 8. Henrik Johan Ibsen was born on 20 March 1828. He was a major 19th-centuryNorwegian playwright, theatre director, and poet. He is often referred to as "the father of modern theater" and is one of the founders of Modernism in theatre. Some of his most famous plays include Peer Gynt, A Doll's House, and Hedda Gabler. His drama is the most frequently performed in the world after Shakespeare. Although he mostly lived in exile in Germany and Italy, Ibsen still regarded as the greatest Norwegian author of all time. He is regarded as a national symbolism by the people of Norway, and is one of the most important dramatic in the history of the world. Henrik Ibsen was as the oldest of five children born to Knud Ibsen and MarichenAltenburg, a family of relatively wealthy merchant, in a small port town of Skien, Norway. Hendrik is a descendant of most prominent families in Norway. But soon after he was born, his family fortunes changed for the worse. His mother turned to religion for solace, while the condition of his father slumped to experience depression.01/12/148 9. The family was through into poverty when Ibsen was 8 because of problems withhis father's business. Nearly all traces of their previous affluence had to be sold off to cover debts, and the family moved to a rundown farm near town. At fifteen, Ibsen was forced to leave school. He moved to the small town ofGrimstad (later renamed to Oslo) to become an apprentice pharmacist and began writing plays. In 1846, when Ibsen was age 18, he had a son from an earlier relationship. He had fathered an illegitimate child whose upbringing Ibsen had to pay for until the boy was in his teens with a maid in 1846 while working as an apprentice. While he provided some financial support, Ibsen never met the boy. Ibsen wrote his plays in Danish (the common written language of Denmark andNorway) and they were published by the Danish publisher Gyldendal. Although most of his plays are set in Norwaythe port town where he grew upIbsen lived for 27 years in Italy and Germany, and rarely visited Norway. His dramas were shaped by his family background.01/12/149 10. Ibsen went to Christiania (later renamed Oslo) intending to matriculate at theuniversity. He soon rejected the idea (his earlier attempts at entering university were blocked as he did not pass all his entrance exams), preferring to commit himself to writing. He spent the next several years employed at Det norske Theater (Bergen), where he was involved in the production of more than 145 plays as a writer, director, and producer. During this period, he published five new plays. Ibsen returned to Christiania in 1858 to become the creative director of the Christiania Theatre. He married Suzannah Thoresen on 18 June 1858 and she gave birth to their onlychild Sigurd on 23 December 1859. The couple lived in very poor financial circumstances. In 1864, he left Christiania and went to Sorrento in Italy for a time. There he wrote Brand, a five-act tragedy about a clergyman. He didn't return to his native land for the next 27 years, and when he returned it was as a noted, but controversial, playwright.01/12/1410 11. In 1868, Ibsen moved to Dresden, Germany where he wrote one of hismost famous works. With Hedda Gabler. Ibsen created one of the theater's most notorious characters. Hedda, a general's daughter, is a newlywed who has come to loathe her scholarly husband, but yet she destroys a former love who stands in her husband's way academically. The character has sometimes been called the female Hamlet, after Shakespeare's famous tragic figure. In 1891, Ibsen returned to Norway as a literary hero. He may have left asa frustrated artist, but he came back as internationally known playwright. For much of his life, Ibsen had lived an almost reclusive existence. But he seemed to thrive in the spotlight in his later years, becoming a tourist attraction of sorts in Christiania. He also enjoyed the events held in his honor in 1898 to mark his seventieth birthday. Ibsen moved to Munich in 1875 and began work on his first contemporary realist drama The Pillars of Society, first published and performed in 1877. 01/12/1411 12. In 1900, Ibsen had a series of strokes that left him unable to write. Hemanaged to live for several more years, but he was not fully present during much of this time. Ibsen died on May 23, 1906. His last words were "To the contrary!" in Norwegian. Considered a literary titan at the time of his passing, he received a state funeral from the Norwegian government.01/12/1412 13. 01/12/1413 14. Ibsen made the influence of his biography and family on his plays. Heoften made references to his family in his plays, sometimes by name, or by modeling characters. Peer Gynt Drama has the same story with Henrik Ibsen as the writer.Peer Gynt is Norwegian, Henrik is Norwegian also. The aspects of Peer Gynts life that Henrik tells are like Henriks life. This drama describes Henrik Ibsens life in reality. Peer Gynt as themain character is the character from the writer himself. Based on the drama above, Peer Gynt is a son of rich family that suddenly failed. It also happened by Henrik Ibsen.01/12/1414 15. The portrayal of the Gynt family is known to be based on Henrik Ibsen'sown family and childhood memories; in a letter to Georg Brandes, Ibsen wrote that his own family and childhood had served "as some kind of model" for the Gynt family. In a letter to Peter Hansen, Ibsen confirmed that the character se, PeerGynt's mother, was based on his own mother, Marichen Altenburg. The character Jon Gynt is considered to be based on Ibsen's father Knud Ibsen, who was a rich merchant before he went bankrupt. Even the name of the Gynt family's ancestor, the prosperous Rasmus Gynt,is borrowed from the Ibsen's family's earliest known ancestor. Thus, the character Peer Gynt could be interpreted as being an ironic representation of Henrik Ibsen himself. There are striking similarities to Ibsen's own life; Ibsen himself spent 27 years living abroad and was never able to face his hometown again. 01/12/1415 16. Beside that, peer Gnyt married Solveig. After that, he go to someplaces, such as United State, Maroko, Egypt, etc to change his life to be better. Henrik Ibsen has the same experience as Peer Gynt in his life. he married Susanna Daae Thoresen and leave her alone. For many years, Solveig waits Peer Gynts coming. After Peer Gyntgets what he wants and to be a success man, he comes back to his home. It represents what Henrik Ibsen does.01/12/1416 17. 01/12/1417

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