Pedagogy and School Libraries: Developing agile approaches in a digital age

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    Pedagogy and School Libraries Judy OConnell9 October, 2015

    Developing Agile Approaches in a Digital Age

    flickr photo by clappstar shared under a Creative Commons (BY-NC-ND) license

  • Developing Agile Approaches in a Digital Age

  • School

  • flickr photo by Kay Kim() shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


  • Challenge

  • Challenge

  • "Gutenberg Parenthesis

    or Living the dream!

  • Eisenstadt (a Gutenberg scholar): the book did not take on its own form until 50 years after it was invented by Gutenberg. Printing was originally called "automatic

    handwriting." [horseless carriage]

  • The Web at 25+ Overall verdict:

    The internet has been a plus for society and an especially good thing for individual users


  • Is the Gutenberg Parenthesis a foundational concept that can

    help us in reconceptualising directions for school libraries?

  • Trends in knowledge construction and

    participatory culture

  • 21c curriculum alignment = digital information ecology

    Agile approaches to connected learning

  • 21 C teacher librarian

    flickr photo by giulia.forsythe shared under a Creative Commons (BY-NC-SA) license

  • not just a discussion

    about selfies

    Robert Cornelius in 1839, believed to be the world's first selfie. Photograph: Library of Congress

    digital footprint

  • chirp! a plant watering alarm

    drone pilot locates missing 82-year-old man after three day search

    not just a about our


    man accused of murder asked Siri where to hide the body

    living replica of Vincent Van Gohs ear

  • welcome innovation

    embrace change

    meet the challenges of our global connected future

    Developing Agile Approaches in a Digital Age

  • Thomas, D., & Brown, J. S. (2011). A new culture of learning: Cultivating the imagination for a world of constant change (Vol. 219). Lexington, KY: CreateSpace.

    Information absorption is a cultural and social process of engaging with the constantly changing world around us. p47

  • When you stand at the door of your library and look inside, do you see your school

    library dream?

  • What does your library look like, sound like, and feel like - to your school community?

    cc licensed ( BY SD ) flickr photo by heyjudegallery:

  • 7 Things You Should Know About Makerspaces. (2013, April 1). Retrieved June 8, 2015, from

    Awesome effect!

  • changing their reading


    information encounters

  • changing their creative


  • In talking about school libraries and the essential paradigm shift that is taking place, Stanley (2011) highlights three areas of influence:

    Information fluency using search engines effectively; evaluating online information; collaborating in virtual environments, and delivering material resources online.

    Digital citizenship understanding responsible and ethical use of information, and maintaining safe online practices.

    Digital storytelling reading, writing and listening to books in many formats; creating, collaborating and sharing in a range of mediums.

    Digital influences

    Stanley. D.B. (2011). Change has arrived for school libraries, School Library Monthly, 27 (4)4, 4547.

  • Media literacynature and role of subliminal media effects

    The entire process is fundamentally rhetorical: it concerns the transformation of an audience

    McLuhan, E., & McLuhan, M. (2011). Theories of communication. Peter photo by Striking Photography by Bo Insogna shared under a Creative Commons (BY-NC-ND) license

  • Digital literacy

    reading and writing in a digital environment, in order to position where the literacy action is taking place

    and that it can be authentic, multimodal, far reaching, multi-tool, and code interdependent

    Chase, Z., & Laufenberg, D. (2011). Digital literacies: Embracing the squishiness of digital literacy. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 54(7), 535537

  • transliteracy is not about learning text literacy and visual literacy and digital literacy in isolation

    from one another but about the interaction of these literacies


  • Information literacy

    the evolution of Web 2.0 and the revolution of social media and social networking requires a fundamental

    shift in how we think about information literacy

    Mackey, T. P., & Jacobson, T. E. (2014). Metaliteracy: reinventing information literacy to empower learners. American Library Association.

  • comprehensive examination approach to metacognition,

    multiple intelligence theory, multi-literacies, multiple literacies,

    transliteracy, convergence and multimodal literacy.


  • ..or any other bunch of new literacies - they really matter!

  • Heuristics for instructional design!

    Each of these has a common purpose to break overall cognitive development process into parts that can more easily

    structure educational processes and goals, and scaffold learning and individual knowledge development.

  • Davies, A., Fidler, D., & Gorbis, M. (2011). Future work skills 2020.

  • Evolving Learning Landscape

    Current thinking about 21st century skills, and the learning experiences that support their development, are essential starting points for capacity building. A list of the workforce skills presented by Davies, et al (2011, pp. 8-12) include:

    Sense-making Social intelligence Novel and adaptive thinking Cross-cultural competency Computational thinking

    New-media literacy Transdisciplinarity Design mindset Cognitive load management Virtual collaboration

  • Sustainable learning involves a pedagogic fusion between environments, tools, formats and meta-literacy capabilities.

    (Mackey & Jacobson 2011)

    Mackey, T P and Jacobson, T E 2011, Reframing information literacy as a metaliteracy, College & Research Libraries, vol. 72, no. 1, pp. 6278.

  • Foundation for young Australians


  • Trends, challenges and development in technologies that will influence the future of

    schools and libraries

    NMC Horizon Reports

    Using a modified Delphi process, a panel of 50+ education and technology experts identify topics very likely to impact technology planning and decision-

    making: six key trends, six significant challenges and six important developments in technology.

  • Long-Term Impact Trends: next five or more years

    Rethinking how schools work Shift to deeper learning approaches

    Mid-Term Impact Trends: next three to five years Increasing use of collaborative learning approaches Shift from students as consumers to students as creators

    Short-Term Impact Trends: next one to two years Increasing use of hybrid/blended learning designs Rise of STEAM learning (Science, Technology, Engineering, the Arts and Mathematics)

    Key Trends Accelerating K-12 Ed Tech Adoption

    unique opportunities for vision and leadership

    Implications for Policy, Leadership, or Practice

  • Solvable Challenges: Those which we both understand and know how to solve Creating authentic learning opportunities Integrating technology in Teacher Education

    Difficult Challenges: Those we understand but for which solutions are elusive Personalizing learning Rethinking the roles of teachers

    Wicked Challenges: Those that are complex to even define, much less address Scaling teaching innovations Teaching complex thinking

    Significant Challenges Impeding K-12 Ed Tech Adoption

    Increasing use of collaborative learning approaches

  • Time to Adoption: One Year or Less Bring your own device (BYOD) Makerspaces

    Time to Adoption: Two to Three Years 3D printing Adaptive learning technologies

    Time to Adoption: Four to Five Years Digital badges Wearable technology

    Important developments

    Shift of students as consumers to creators

  • Long-Term Impact Trends: next five or more years

    Increasing accessibility of research content Rethinking library spaces

    Mid-Term Impact Trends: next three to five years Evolving nature of scholarly record Increasing focus on research data management

    Short-Term Impact Trends: next one to two years Increasing value of the user experience Prioritisation of mobile content delivery

    Key Trends Accelerating Library Ed Tech Adoption

    Implications for Policy, Leadership, or Practice

  • Solvable Challenges: Those which we both understand and know how to solve Embedding academic and research libraries in the curriculum Improving digital literacy

    Difficult Challenges: Those we understand but for which solutions are elusive Competition from alternative avenues of discovery Rethinking the roles and skills of librarians

    Wicked Challenges: Those that are complex to even define, much less address Embracing the need for radical change Managing knowledge obsolescence

    Significant Challenges Impeding Library Ed Tech Adoption

    Evaluating digital services through user experience

  • Time-to-Adoption: One Year or Less Makerspaces Online learning

    Time-to-adoption: Two to Three Years Information vizualisation Semantic web and linked data

    Time-to-adoption: Four to Five Years Location intelligence Machine learning

    Important developments

    Growth of mobile technology and embedded curriculum

  • What is really at stake?

  • flickr photo by chrisfurniss shared under a Creative Commons (BY-NC) license

  • Learning today requires that education is built on all kinds of reading and connected information seeking

  • creative commons licensed (BY-NC-SA) flickr photo by kassemmounhem:

    Learning today requires apps, devices, information access, data repositories

    sharing, networks and communication.

  • The digital age student who can think critically, learn

    through connections, create knowledge and understand concepts should be able to

    actively participate in a digitally enhanced society.

    creative commons licensed (BY-NC-SA) flickr photo by kassemmounhem:

  • Library futures

  • The question is.....?

  • How should you, your library AND technology connect?

    cc licensed ( BY NC SA ) flickr photo by fatboyke (Luc):

  • More content, streams of data, topic structures, (theoretically) better quality - all of these in online environments require an equivalent shift in our online capabilities.

  • 56

    the first search result is clicked on twice as much as the second, and the second twice as much as the third. Dan Russell, Googles usability chief

    cc licensed ( BY NC SD ) flickr photo by ecsta=cist: h?p://

  • 57cc licensed ( BY NC ) flickr photo by Cayusa: h?p://

  • ..... because your knowledge and my knowledge, based on what search results we are served, may be very different from each other.

    Siva Vaidhyanathan in The Googlization of Everything,

    Filter bubble!

  • Rather than simply identifying a useful page, these systems try to pull the information from those pages

    that might be what a user is looking for, and to make this immediately apparent.

    More informative results?

  • Whats the story with the yellow blotch?

    SearchReSearch blog

    A blog about search, search skills, teaching search, learning how to search, learning how to use Google effectively, learning how to do research. It also covers a good deal of sensemaking

    and information foraging.

  • For several years people have been fascinated by small, robot-

    like figures popping up in city streets and other innocuous places. These figures, now

    documented in flickr pools and blog posts from cities arose the

    world, can be attributed to Stikman (sometimes searched for and referred to as "stickman"), an

    anonymous graffiti artist, sometimes perhaps going by the alias "Bob," who has been putting

    these images up since at least 2006.

    Search for 'painted yellow man robot'

    yielded 'stickman' for a better explanation.

    About 3 minutes Reply

  • Agile approaches to your library environments

    Lets talk about my favourites!


  • When your formative years are spent working your fingers through apps and iPads, smartphones and YouTube, the digital world and its habits can bend and shape not just how you access information, but how you

    conceptualise information discovery!


  • Google Knowledge Graph

    When you search, youre not just looking for a webpage.

    Youre looking to get answers, understand or explore.

    Google alerts too!

  • Learn about the latest additions to search so as to get the most out of Google.

  • knowledge encounters

    helping students broaden the scope of their information




  • What else is really at stake?

  • learning


    This is the connected world!

  • Personal learning environment relying on the people we connect with through social networks and collaborative tools e.g. Twitter, Yammer.

    Personal learning network knowing where or to whom to connect and find professional content

    [learning] self

  • Personal web tools used for tracking our life and powering our information organisation e.g. photos to Facebook, pictures to Flickr, photos to Twitter

    [learning] self

  • Microblogging Social bookmarking and tagging Collaborative writing Information management e.g. Endnote, Easybib, Zotero Information capture on multiple devices e.g. Evernote Library resources or databases all used for information collection, RSS topic and journal alerts, and compatible with research organisation tools Online storage for access across multiple platforms

    [information] self

  • flickr photo by chrisfurniss shared under a Creative Commons (BY-NC) license

    How do you get where you want to


  • its ok to start small

  • The Scout Report is the flagship publication of the Internet Scout Research Group. Published every Friday both on the Web and by email subscription, it provides a fast, convenient way to stay informed.


    The OZTL_NET Discussion List is an email-based forum for information professionals working in Australian schools. It is supported by the teacher librarianship academic staff at the School of Information Studies , Charles Sturt University. Discussion is open to all members of the Australian TL community and any people with a genuine interest in teacher librarianship and/or school libraries.


    A crowdsourced collection of over 100 essays from around the world about trends in school libraries written by librarians, teachers, publishers, and library vendors.

  • I need to search, scan, and select the best resources I can find for my own personal interests, and by making my choices available to others, I create a resource for many besides myself.Its about knowing, learning,

    sharing, and teaching, all in one.

    Turn personal interest into a community of interest

    The Solution: Infotention Training

  • cc licensed flickr photo by assbach:


    Seek Follow


    Cultivating inquisitive mindsets


    crap detectioncc licensed flickr photo by selva:

    Information labyrinthHoward Rheingold

    Nurture strategies for information fluency

  • Gapminder fact-based world view


    Google Public Data Explorer


    Evernote for Educators

    Digital librarian

  • Evernote in education Flipboard Magazine

  • h?p://

    Modelling exemplary use of

    social media, search engines,

    and collaborative research strategies.

  • The natural limitations of search has resulted in expansion of choice in information curation.

    The traditional social bookmarking sites like diigo, pearltrees, Scoopit, and others enable users to save information. Products like pinterest allow for collection of visual artifacts, allowing users to organize them into infinite categories.

    But recent software has taken this even further, with apps like Learnist, mentormob, and even InstaGrok providing more structure to how information is not only discovered, but sequenced and applied.

  • Diigo is a social bookmarking site that allows users to collect bookmarks, annotate them and share to groups or lists.

    Pinterest is a pinboard-styled social photo sharing website. The service allows users to create and manage theme-based image collections linked out to sites of origin.

    Learnist is a social curation and sharing site that integrates with other curation opportunities such as Pinterest, LinkedIn, Google+, Twitter

    Livebinders is a great way to creat your own information resources, evidence, documentation, and more. Its easy and its visual and a great opportunity for collaborating, organising and sharing resources. allows users to create and share their own themed magazines designed around a given topic.

  • Diigo

  • Lorem Ipsum DolorMaecenas aliquam maecenas ligula nostra, accumsan taciti. Sociis mauris in integer

    El eu libero cras interdum at eget habitasse elementum est, ipsum purus pede

    Aliquet sed. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, ligula suspendisse nulla pretium, rhoncus

  • Flipboard Magazine



    Explore it all!

  • Europeana enables people to explore the digital resources of Europe's museums, libraries, archives and audio-visual collections.

    Linked Open Data on the Web. The site currently contains metadata on 3.5 million texts, images, videos and sounds.

  • Global Images

    The key goal of The Commons is to share hidden treasures from the world's public photography archives.

  • Create resource guidesFeedly is a great RSS feed reader to help you monitor lots of resources quickly. Smore or Tackk works well to create newsletter types of pages where you can add new resources and news. Flipboard Magazines allow you to create collections of articles, links to resources, images, news and more. Users can subscribe and get updates in a variety of ways, depending on the source. Tumblr blog its easy to add notes, photos, links to articles to a tumblr. Your audience can subscribe to update through their own tumblr account, visit it via its URL or via an RSS feed Diigo Groups Bookmark items in Diigo and add items to a diigo group that your audience can subscribe to updates via email or RSS. RSS magic Anything with an RSS feed gives you lots more options. Readers can subscribe via their own feed reader or email. And you can display updates in a widget on your web/wiki pages.

  • Flickr


    Periodic Table of QR codes on Flickr


  • Find free images online

    PhotoPin My first stop for photo searching. Very easy to use and searches a number of sources for CC licensed photos.

    CC search search for images, video and music from one search page. Handy!

    Flickr advanced search Scroll to the botton of the screen and select the Creative Commons setting & Find content to modify, adapt, or build upon

    Image search tools

  • Post photos of school & community events. Create a school group on Flickr for students & staff to share photos

    of events. Hold a Day in the Life event where the community shares photos

    representing one day in the life of the school. Photos to chronicle library/school renovations and keep community

    up to date. Share photos of art work and crafts created by students. Book spine poetry photos. :) Scan & post historic photos and ask community to share memories

    through the comments feature. Join other groups or share your own class groups! Share ideas for library displays, program ideas and more. Create slide shows that can be embedded on your web page Create your own favourites collection Public photo sharing sites like flickr are great resources for Creative

    Commons licensed images to use in presentations.

  • Spell with Flickr

  • Creative Commons

    Creative Commons licensing allows for reuse of a image (and other intellectual content) under certain conditions. The licensing is easy to understand and having students select how they want to license their own work is a great way to get students thinking about copyright, reuse and


  • Creative commons licenses work as some

    rights reserved rule instead of all rights

    reserved rule.

    Diverse set of license conditions with a range

    of freedoms and limitations.

  • Digital content curation and communication

    The benefits of content curation is that you dont

    re-invent the wheel - you


    Model the future!

  • Curriculum projects

    The focus of the project was to facilitate deeper learning in our students by creating an authentic learning experience to strengthen writing and literacy skills across the curriculum. In English, students learned about the literary conventions of forensic fiction in their crime novel, Framed, and how to use them to solve a crime. In Science, students learned about how use a variety of scientific methods including analysing dental records, fragments and fibres, fingerprinting, shoe-printing and DNA samples in order to solve a crime.

    Body in the library

  • Curriculum projectsEach boy received a forensic workbook containing a range of materials for examination such as crime reports, witness statements and a coroners report. In addition the crime scene was taped off, with key evidence on display e.g. fingerprints, the location of the body, and places where DNA was found. Photographic evidence included the injury reports (fake bruising and blood on the victim), video footage of the scene of the crime (staged by students and teachers) and also hard hitting interviews.

  • Curriculum projects

    OConnell, J. (2011). Body in the Library': A cross-curriculum transliteracy project, in L.Marquardt & D. Oberg (Ed.) Global Perspectives on School Libraries: Projects and Practices, Berlin, New York : De Gruyter Saur.

    English curriculum Study of forensic fiction and different sub -genres of mystery fiction

    (this also provided an opportunity for supporting literature displays in the library)

    Study of famous fiction forensic films/novels/characters Character and plot analysis, including the relationships of clues,

    events, and people in solving a crime.Science curriculum Study of forensic science and the scientific method required (this provided

    an opportunity for non-fiction book displays in the library) Crime scene basics, protocol, techniques, scientific evidence. Police techniques for investigating a murder. i.e., interviews, ID parade,

    CTV security images.

  • What is really at stake?

  • Communication sharing thoughts, questions, ideas and solutions

    Curation collecting and reflecting on what we encounter

    Collaboration working together to reach a goal putting talent, expertise and smarts to work

    Critical thinking looking at problems in a new way linking learning across subjects and disciplines

    Creativity trying new approaches to get things done innovation and invention

  • 119

    Developing agile approaches .....

    Hidden treasures in the global commons

  • 120

    The leadership support is out there .....

  • 121

    pedagogy and school libraries .. WOW

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    Judy OConnell

    Judy OConnell


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