- 1. Project-Based Learning, Constructivism,and Technology
- Prepared by Carla Piper, Ed. D.
2. Who are our Students?
- Watch this YouTube on K-12 Vision of our Students -http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_A-ZVCjfWf8
3. How do we teach our students? How do children learn?
- Students learn best by being active learners.
- Students learn by constructing their own
- Levels of Learning - Taxonomy
- Develop Higher Level Critical Thinking
- Students learn in different ways.
What does the research say? 4. Constructivism
- Knowledge is constructed by learner
- Teacher guides learner to construct knowledge
- Teacher provides rich context
- Teacher provides learner centered environment
- Teacher facilitates, learner controls
5. Constructivism inthe Classroom
- Students construct new ideas by incorporating new material into the concepts and thought processes already in place.
- Allow student thinking to drive lessons
- Ask thoughtful, open-ended questions
- Encourage metacognition - thinking about how they are learning
- Encourage students to interact with each other and YOU Cooperate and Collaborate.
6. Goals for Students
- Develop higher level critical thinking
- Understand causes or effects of ideas or actions
- Become engaged in their own learning
- Become active and not passive learners
- Student initiative accepted
- Student ideas respected and encouraged
- Independent thinking encouraged
- Students engage in dialogue
- Students apply knowledge in authentic problem-solving tasks
Brahler & Johnson 7. Goals for Teachers
- Ask open-ended questions and allow wait time for responses
- Encourage student autonomy, initiative, and collaboration
- Uses raw data and primary material sources
- Provides authentic learning experiences
- Guide and facilitate learning
Brahler & Johnson 8. Constructivist Classroom: Teachers May Experience Difficulties
- Teacher loses some control over what learners will learn
- May take longer to cover certain topics
- Testing is more difficult because learning is less structured
- Standardized testing relies on factual recall and lower level thinking
9. Why use Computers in the Classroom?
- Is your desire to use computers technology-driven or pedagogy-driven?
- Do you want your classroom to be more teacher centered rather than learner centered?
- Do you have a diverse student population - culturally, emotionally, economically, environmentally, physically, intellectually, academically?
10. Modify LearningEnvironmentswith Technology
- Can provide pathways into and out of our students brains (Edwards)
- The ways in which intelligences combine and blend are as varied as the faces and personalities of individuals Gardner
- Providing a nurturing, positive, and stimulating learning environment is important
- Intelligence is changeable not stagnant
- Constructivism fosters creativity
11. Constructivist Activities with Technology: 1990s
- To solve complex and realistic problems
- To work together to solve those problems
- To examine the problems from multiple perspectives
- To take ownership of the learning process (rather than being passive recipients of instruction)
- To become aware of their own role in the knowledge construction process
- To participate in authentic learning tasks that reflect the complexity of the real-world environment in which learners will be using the skills they are learning
12. How can we use computers in the classroom to promote student learning and still maintain control of behavior? 13. Project-Based Learning: PBL
- Allows for a variety of learning styles
- "Real" world oriented - learning has value beyond the demonstrated competence of the learner
- Risk-free environment - provides positive feedback and allow choice
- Encourages the use of higher order thinking skills and learning concepts as well as basic facts
- Utilizes hands-on approaches
Kraft -http://www.rmcdenver.com/useguide/pbl.htm 14. Project-Based Learning: PBL
- Provides for in-depth understanding
- Accessible for all learners
- Utilizes various modes of communication
- Assessment is congruent with instruction - performance-based
- Students are responsible for their own learning
- Students have ownership of their learning within the curriculum
- Projects promote meaningful learning, connecting new learning to students' past performances
Kraft -http://www.rmcdenver.com/useguide/pbl.htm 15. Project-Based Learning: PBL
- Learning utilizes real time data - investigating data and drawing conclusions
- The learning process is valued as well as the learning project
- Learning cuts across curricular areas - multidisciplinary in nature
- Teacher is a facilitator of learning
- Student self-assessment of learning is encouraged
Kraft -http://www.rmcdenver.com/useguide/pbl.htm 16. Project Learning: Edutopia
- According to research:A dynamic approach to teaching
- Explore real-world problems and challenges
- Develop cross-curriculum skills
- Work in small collaborative groups.
- Fosters active and engaged learning
- Inspires students to obtain a deeper knowledge of the subjects they're studying.
- View Video at:http://www.edutopia.org/project-based-learning-overview
17. Project Learning: Edutopia
- Develop confidence and self-direction through both team-based and independent work.
- More likely to retain the knowledge gained through this approach far more readily than through traditional textbook-centered learning.
- Read Intro at:http://www.edutopia.org/project-learning-introduction
- Read World Issues Motivate Students -http://www.edutopia.org/start-pyramid
18. Planning a Project: I
- Pose an essential question
- Is it connected to the real world?
- This is where you begin your in-depth investigation .
- Which content standards will be addressed?
- Teachers and students brainstorm activities that support the inquiry.
- Involve students in the planning and project-building process.
- Design a timeline for project components.
- What will your benchmarks be?
- Keep it simple and age-appropriate.
Mike Bower 19. Planning a Project: II
- Monitor student progress and work
- Be a good facilitator and keep things moving
- Have students refer to their rubric to keep them on task.
- How will you assess the project?
- Use rubrics that address content, process, and timeline.
- Evaluate and reflect on your success
- Have individuals and groups present their report.
- Reflect on what went well and what could be improved.
- Share ideas that will lead to new projects.
Mike Bower 20. References
- Project Learning:http://www.edutopia.org/project-learning
- PBL: Project Based Learning -http://pblchecklist.4teachers.org/index.shtm
- Problem-Based Learning Checklists -http://pblchecklist.4teachers.org/checklist.shtml
- Problem-Based Learning Online Resource -http://pbl-online.org/
- Pedagogy: A Primer on Education Theory for Technical Professionals Brahler & Johnson. Washington State University Download from Microsoft Higher Education Website
- Multiple Intelligences and Technology Edwards(no longer available)
- Constructivism -http://www.thirteen.org/edonline/concept2class/constructivism/index.html